Max Clifford - Max Clifford

Max Clifford
Max Clifford 2014.jpg
2014 년 3 월 클리포드
태어난
맥스웰 프랭크 클리포드

(1943-04-06)1943 년 4 월 6 일 [1]
사망 한 2017 년 12 월 10 일 (2017-12-10)(74 세)
직업 홍보
활동 기간 1970 ~ 2012
배우자
엘리자베스 포터
( m. 1967 년, 2003 년 사망)

조 웨스트 우드
( m. 2010; DIV. 2014)
어린이 1

Maxwell Frank Clifford (1943 년 4 월 6 일 – 2017 년 12 월 10 일) [1] 는 영국 홍보 담당자였습니다.

Clifford는 2012 년 12 월에 Yewtree 작전의 일환으로 성범죄 혐의로 체포되었습니다 . 그는 2014 년 3 월 시도되었다 [2] , 그는 감옥에서 팔년을 선고 받았다 월 2014 년 2 일 15 및 19 세 사이 네 소녀와 여성에 대한 성폭력의 여덟 카운트의 유죄를 발견 [3] [4] 와 2014 년 11 월 7 일부터 HM 감옥 Littlehey 에서 형을 복역했습니다 . [5] 그는 2017 년 12 월 10 일 심장 마비로 3 일 만에 사망했습니다. [6]

초기 생활

Maxwell Frank Clifford는 1943 년 4 월 6 일 Kingston upon Thames에서 [7] , [7] [8] Lilian ( née Boffee)과 전기 공인 Frank Clifford 의 아들로 태어났습니다 . [1] [8] 그는 네 자녀 중 막내였으며 [9] 한 명의 자매와 두 명의 형제가있었습니다. [ 인용 필요 ] 가족 Morgan Guarantee Trust Bank 의 런던 부회장 PA 로 고용 된 할머니와 Clifford의 누이의 도움과 지원으로 아버지의 정기적 인 실업, 도박 및 알코올 중독에서 살아 남았습니다 . [7]Clifford는 자격없이 15 세에 학교를 그만두고 [10] 윔블던에 있는 Ely의 백화점에서 첫 직장을 낸 지 4 개월 만에 해고되었습니다 . 그의 형제 버나드는 그의 인쇄 조합 연결을 사용하여 클리포드가 이글의 편집 보조로 일자리를 확보했습니다 . 출판물이 부지를 옮겼을 때 Clifford는 중복을 결정하고 첫 번째 집을 구입하고 South London Press 와 함께 저널리스트로 훈련하기 위해 일자리를 찾았습니다 . [7]

직업

홍보 담당자로서의 초기 작업

After working in newspapers for a few years, writing an occasional record/music column and running a disco, Clifford replied to an advertisement and joined as the second member of the EMI press office in 1962,[9] under Chief Press Officer Syd Gillingham. As the youngest and the only trained journalist in a team of four, Clifford claimed he was given the job of promoting the then relatively unknown Beatles,[11] including during their first tour of the United States.[7]

Gillingham이 EMI를 떠난 후 그는 Clifford에게 Chris Hutchins 의 홍보 대행사 에 합류하도록 요청했습니다 . [7] 그들이 대표 한 예술가들 중에는 Frank SinatraJudy Garland 의 영국 업무를 담당했던 계부 인 임프 레사 리오 Harold Davidson에게 Clifford를 소개 한 PaulBarry Ryan이 있습니다. [7]

1970 년, 27 세에 Gillingham이 은퇴 한 후 Clifford는 Hutchins를 떠나 자신의 소속사 인 Max Clifford Associates를 시작했습니다. [7] Joe Cocker 의 관리자 사무실에 기반을두고있는 그는 Sinatra, Cocker, Paul 및 Barry Ryan, Don PartridgeMarvin Gaye 를 대표하여 시작했습니다 . 그는 나중에 Muhammad AliMarlon Brando를 대표했습니다 . [7]

파멜라 보르 데스

클리포드는 클리포드의 고객 중 한 명에게 다양한 서비스를 제공 한 매춘 업소의 친근한 부인이 찾아 왔는데, 뉴스 오브 더 월드 의 조사 기자의 홍보를 걱정했습니다 . Clifford는 부인에게 그녀의 소녀들 과 고객 의 세부 사항을 공개해달라고 요청했고, 한 매춘부 인 Pamella BordesAndrew Neil (당시 The Sunday Times 편집자 ), Donald Trelford (당시 The Observer 편집자 ), 보수당 스포츠 장관 과 데이트 하고 있음을 발견했습니다. Colin Moynihan , 그리고 억만 장자 무기 딜러 Adnan Khashoggi . [12] [13] [14] 클리포드가 울렸다News of the World 편집자 Patsy Chapman 은 그녀가 부인에게 사용하고있는 조사 기자를 통해 보르 드의 이야기를 전달했습니다. 이 이야기는 1989 년 3 월에 "Call Girl Works in Commons"라는 제목으로 출판되었습니다. 그녀는 David ShawHenry Bellingham 의원이 마련한 House of Commons 보안 패스를 가지고 있다는 사실이 발견 되었기 때문 입니다. Clifford는 Bordes가 자신의 고객이 아니 었으며, 그가 이야기를 "작성"한 대가로 수수료를 받았으며, 이는 궁극적으로 불리한 홍보 나 법원 소송에서 부인을 구하는 목적에 기여했다고 주장합니다. [7]

클라이언트

Clifford는 그의 고객 인 Freddie Starr 에게 관심을 끌기 위해 The Sun 의 악명 높은 "Freddie Starr ate my hamster"헤드 라인을 제작 한 후 대중의 주목을 받았습니다 . [15] 2006 년 5 월 BBC 는 지난 세기 동안 가장 친숙한 영국 신문 헤드 라인 중 하나로 "Freddie Starr ate my hamster"를 지명했습니다. [16] 클리포드 나중에 전 리버풀 좌익 정치인 등 다양한 클라이언트, 표현 데릭 헤이 튼 클리포드가 만들어 누구를 위해, 일을 자신의 이미지를 변경하기를, [7] OJ Simpson [15] —Clifford는 자신의 홍보 담당자로 활동하면서 살해 위협을 받았다고 주장했습니다. [7] Gillian McKeith , 자신의 광고가 그녀의 이미지에 해를 끼쳤다 고 믿었습니다. [17] Rebecca Loos , 그녀가 잉글랜드 축구 주장 인 David Beckham 과의 관계에 대해 언론과 협상했을 때 ; [7] and Jade Goody , 리얼리티 스타의 자궁 경부암 과 죽음. [18] Clifford는 10 년 넘게 Simon Cowell대표 했으며 그의 공개 이미지를 형성 한 공로를 인정 받았습니다. Cowell은 Clifford의 2014 년 유죄 판결에 따라 Clifford를 중단했습니다. [19] 2016 년 판사는 Burrell이 Clifford를 고소한 후 전 고객 Paul Burrell 에게 5,000 파운드의 손해 배상금을 지급했습니다.레베카 브룩스 에서 세계의 뉴스 2002 년 [20]

저널리스트 Louis TherouxBBC Two 2002 프로그램에서 Louis가 만났을 때… Max Clifford를 따라 Clifford를 따랐습니다 . 촬영하는 동안 Clifford가 Sainsbury 's 에서 PR 스턴트를하는 동안 Theroux를 설정하려고하는 것처럼 보였습니다 . 클리포드가 마이크에 누워있는 소리가 들리자 역효과를 냈다. [21]

Clifford는 Gary Glitter 에 대한 사건의 증인을 대변했습니다 . [22] 2005 년에 클리포드는 크리스틴 해밀턴이 제기 한 명예 훼손 소송 을 해결하기 위해 손해 배상금을 지불 했으며 , 그는 나중에 한 쌍의 성폭행을 거짓으로 고발 한 것으로 밝혀진 나딘 밀로이-슬론을 대변 했다 . [23] 또한 2005 년에는 마이클 잭슨아동 학대 혐의로 무죄 판결을받은 후 기자들에게 " 사담 후세인을 대변 ​​한 후 가장 어려운 직업이 될 것" 이라고 기자들에게 말했다 . [24] 다음Jimmy Savile의 성적 학대 스캔들 . 그러나 체포되기 전에 Clifford는 수십 명의 "빅 네임 스타"가 그에게 연락을 취했고 그들이 스캔들에 연루 될 것이라고 우려했다고 주장했다. 그는 1960 년대와 70 년대에 성관계를 갖기 전에 "아무도 출생 증명서를 요구하지 않았다"고 주장했습니다. [25]

LGBT 클라이언트

Clifford는 자신의 성적 취향 을 대중 에게 숨기고 싶은 고객을 도왔습니다 . 그는 선수들이 " 똑 바른 "이미지 를 보여주기 위해 주요 축구 클럽에서 두 번 접근했다고 주장했다 . [26] 2009 년 8 월 5 일에 보도 된 Pink News 와의 인터뷰 에서 Clifford는 게이 또는 양성애자 축구 선수 가 나오면 그의 경력이 끝날 것이라고 말했습니다.

내가 아는 한, 저스틴 파샤 누 라는 최고의 프로 게이 축구 선수가 나왔습니다 . 그는 결국 자살했습니다. 나는 양성애자 인 최고의 프리미어 십 스타에게 조언을 해왔습니다. 그가 동성애 성향이 있다는 것이 밝혀지면 그의 경력은 2 분 안에 끝날 것입니다. 그럴까요? 아니요,하지만 테라스에 가서 팬들의 태도와 축구와 관련된 일반적인 태도를 들으면 거의 암흑 시대 로 돌아가는 것과 같습니다 . [27]

Clifford는 그의 고객 중 누구도 소외된 적이 없다고 말했습니다. [7]

2009 년 12 월, 그는 지난 5 년 동안 두 명의 유명 프리미어 리그 축구 선수를 대표 했다고 말했다 . 축구는 " 동성애 혐오에 휩싸인 암흑기에 남아 있기"때문이다 . [28]

정치

Clifford stated that what motivated him was much more than just money; he said he could not stand hypocrisy in public life, reserved a particular disgust for lying politicians, and watched with growing anger what he thought happened to the NHS over the past 20 years.[7] For this reason, and because of his working-class background, Clifford was a traditional Labour supporter who worked to bring down the government of John Major because he felt that the National Health Service was being mismanaged.[7]

The Major government

In light of Clifford's view of the deteriorating state of the NHS – having obtained treatment for his daughter, who has juvenile idiopathic arthritis[7] – and moral differences with members of the John Major government, Clifford worked to expose stories to help the Labour Party to power. Although not instrumental in exposing David Mellor's affair with Antonia de Sancha, Clifford's battle in representing de Sancha against the contrived post-spin story of the "family man Mellor" handled by counter PR Tim Bell ultimately derailed Major's 'Back to Basics' agenda. Clifford invented the story which claimed Mellor made love in a Chelsea F.C. football kit, though he was blocked from mentioning it in his memoirs.[29] Clifford also helped to expose Jeffrey Archer's perjury in the 1980s during his candidacy for the post of Mayor of London.[7]

On 18 February 1995 he was interviewed at length by Andrew Neil for his one-on-one interview show Is This Your Life?, made by Open Media for Channel 4.[30]

The Blair government

Although a supporter of the Labour party, Clifford's approach in dealing with the Blair government was similar to that which he employed with Major's preceding Conservative government. The first instance of this was the story of Welsh Assembly leader Ron Davies.[7] Then Clifford was accused by David Blunkett at the beginning of November 2005 of having a role in Blunkett's second resignation. This derived from claims made on behalf of a much younger woman, who had become involved with Blunkett, over Blunkett's business interests, which were published in The Times.[7] Later that week, Clifford was accused of arranging a distraction from the assault made by his friend Rebekah Wade on her husband, EastEnders actor Ross Kemp, via the "coincidence" of the other "Mitchell brother", Steve McFadden being in a similar incident with an ex-partner. Clifford denied all responsibility.[7]

On 26 April 2006, Clifford represented John Prescott's diary secretary Tracey Temple, in selling her story for "an awful lot more" than £100,000 to the Mail on Sunday. The story was about the affair between Prescott and Temple which took place between 2002 and 2004.[31]

On 4 May 2006, Clifford announced his intention to expose politicians who fail to abide by the standards expected of them in public office. He called his team of undercover investigators "a dedicated and loyal bunch".[7]

Charity works

According to his memoirs he handled the publicity for the Daniels family and helped set up the Rhys Daniels Trust from resultant media fees to combat Batten disease.[7] Clifford was also a patron of the Royal Marsden; but after his conviction, staff at the hospital stated he was no longer a patron.[32] Also, following his 2014 conviction for indecent assault, Shooting Star CHASE and Woking and Sam Beare Hospices announced that Clifford was no longer a patron for either charity.[19]

Indecent assault convictions

Clifford reading a statement following his arrest

Clifford was arrested at his home on 6 December 2012 by Metropolitan Police officers on suspicion of sexual offences; the arrest was part of Operation Yewtree which was set up in the wake of the Jimmy Savile sexual abuse scandal.[33][34] He was taken to a central London police station for questioning.[35][36] The two alleged offences dated from 1977.[37]

On 26 April 2013, he was charged with a further eleven indecent assaults between 1966 and 1985 on girls and women aged 14 to 19.[38] Clifford claimed the allegations were "completely false".[39]

On 28 May 2013, Clifford pleaded not guilty at Westminster Magistrates' Court; a hearing took place at Southwark Crown Court on 12 June 2013 when a date for his trial was set for 4 March 2014.[40][41][42]

On 28 April 2014, Clifford was convicted of eight counts of indecent assault against four victims by a jury at Southwark Crown Court. He was acquitted of two charges of indecent assault, and the jury failed to reach a verdict on another charge.[2][43] Following the verdict the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children's Director of National Services Peter Watt stated:

Max Clifford has rightly been unmasked as a ruthless and manipulative sex offender who preyed for decades on children and young women.[44]

On 2 May 2014, Judge Anthony Leonard sentenced Clifford to a total of eight years in prison.[45] Judge Leonard told Clifford he should serve at least half his sentence in prison,[46] adding that he was sure Clifford had also assaulted a 12-year-old girl in Spain, although this charge could not be pursued in the British courts.[46]

The judge added that if the offences had taken place after the law was changed in 2003, several of the offences of which Clifford was found guilty would have been tried as rape, which carries a maximum penalty of life imprisonment.[45] One of Clifford's victims explained to the court that Clifford's assault on her (at age 15) had prevented her from having her first sexual relationship with a partner her own age, while another said that in the years following the assault she had cried whenever she saw Clifford on television, and had feared that the police would laugh at her. Clifford dismissed his victims as "fantasists" and "opportunists".[47] The judge concluded that Clifford had caused an "additional element of trauma" to his victims by his "contemptuous attitude" during the trial.[48]

On 7 November 2014, Clifford's appeal against his eight-year sentence for sex offences was rejected by the Court of Appeal.[49] The court ruled the sentence handed to Clifford earlier that year was "justified and correct."[50] The court compared Clifford's case with that of broadcaster Stuart Hall in 2013; Clifford had clowned and claimed innocence, but did not directly dispute the claims of his victims. In contrast Hall had publicly denounced his victims and accused one of seeking "instant notoriety". A lawyer commented on the Clifford appeal court ruling "Nothing Clifford did resembled the disastrous approach taken by Stuart Hall who, prior to pleading guilty to abusing them as girls, denounced his accusers as gold-diggers and liars." Clifford's actions were deemed merely to show no remorse, and not to justify an increased penalty on appeal, although ruling out a reduction in sentence due to mitigating factors; in contrast Hall's sentence was actually increased on appeal.[51][52]

It was reported on 12 March 2015 that Clifford had been arrested again by Operation Yewtree police.[53] On 3 July 2015, Clifford was charged with a single count of indecent assault stemming from an alleged incident from 1981.[54] He pleaded not guilty on 20 October,[55] and was cleared by a jury of the charge on 7 July 2016.[56]

At the time of his death, in December 2017, Clifford was still being sued by some of his victims.[57][58] Clifford had won the right to challenge his conviction at the Court of Appeal before his death, and his daughter continued to challenge it afterward. His conviction was ultimately upheld on 2 April 2019.[59]

Personal life

Clifford married Elizabeth Louise Porter at St Barnabas Church in Southfields, London, on 3 June 1967. Porter died of lung cancer in Sutton, on 8 April 2003.[60][7]

In the late 1970s and early 1980s, Clifford ran and took part in weekly adult parties for his friends and clients around London.[61] This brought him into contact with various madams and prostitutes, a connection which he later used to satisfy the needs of his clients, and introduced him to deviant behaviour.[7]

In March 2010, the News of the World settled out of court after Clifford sought legal action against it for intercepting his voicemail. After a lunch with editor Rebekah Brooks, the paper agreed to pay Clifford's legal fees and an undisclosed "personal payment" not described as damages. The sum exceeded £1 million. The money was paid in exchange for him exclusively giving the paper stories over the next several years.[62][63]

Clifford lived in Hersham, Surrey, before his incarceration.[64] On 4 April 2010, he married his former PA, Jo Westwood; guests included Des O'Connor, Bobby Davro, and Theo Paphitis.[60] In May 2014, Westwood was granted a decree nisi, subsequently ending her four-year marriage to Clifford.[65]

Death

On 7 December 2017 Clifford collapsed in HM Prison Littlehey after trying to clean his cell. He was taken to Hinchingbrooke Hospital, near Huntingdon, and died on 10 December 2017 of a heart attack at the age of 74.[6][66][67]

References

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  2. ^ a b Richard Lister (28 April 2014). "Max Clifford guilty of eight indecent assaults". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
  3. ^ "R v Max Clifford". Crimeline. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
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  5. ^ Saul, Heather (7 November 2014). "Max Clifford loses appeal over eight-year jail sentence for sex offences". The Independent. London. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  6. ^ a b "Jailed Max Clifford dies, aged 74". BBC News. 10 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
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  9. ^ B 바튼, 로라 (2008년 4월 28일). " ' 인생은 변했습니다 . 이제는 더 나빠졌습니다. ' " . 가디언 . 런던 . 2009 년 3 월 26 일에 확인 .
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  11. Bates, Stephen (2017 년 12 월 10 일). "Max Clifford 사망 기사" . 가디언 . 런던 . 2017 년 12 월 10 일에 확인 .
  12. Summerskill, Bill (2002 년 7 월 28 일). "종이 호랑이" . 옵저버 (런던). 2006 년 11 월 14 일에 확인 함.
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  14. ^ "Billionaire arms dealer breaks his silence over claims he hired Heather Mills as escort". London Evening Standard. 11 November 2006. Retrieved 14 November 2006.
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  16. ^ "햄스터 헤드 라인에 대한 비디오" . BBC 뉴스. 2006 년 5 월 25 일 . 만회하는 5 월 2 2014 .
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  18. Lyall, Sarah (2009 년 3 월 23 일). "Jade Goody, British Reality Television Star, 27 세에 사망" . 뉴욕 타임즈 . 2010 년 3 월 27 일에 확인 .
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