잉글랜드 테스트 크리켓 기록 목록 - List of England Test cricket records

Alastair Cook in 2016
2016 년에 촬영 된 전 주장 알라 스테 어 쿡 은 여러 잉글랜드 테스트 크리켓 기록을 보유하고 있습니다.

테스트 크리켓국제 수준 에서 플레이 되는 가장 오래된 형태의 크리켓 입니다. [1] 테스트 경기는 5 일 동안 진행될 예정이며 [a] [b] 국제 크리켓위원회 (ICC) 정회원 국가를 대표하는 팀이 진행합니다 . [5] [6] 잉글랜드 는 ICC의 창립 멤버였던 연주 한 최초의 테스트 매치 에 대한 호주1877년 3월 상기 멜버른 크리켓 그라운드 . [7] 그들은 총 1,022 경기를 치렀는데, 이는 테스트 팀 중 가장 많은 경기였습니다. [8]

개막 타자 이자 전 주장 인 Alastair Cook 은 여러 잉글랜드 테스트 크리켓 기록을 보유하고 있습니다. 2006 년과 2018 년 사이에 그는 12,472 점을 기록하여 10,000 점기록한 유일한 잉글랜드 선수가되었습니다 . [9] 그는 57 년 반세기 33 세기 동안 기록적인 기록을 세웠습니다 . [10] [11] A와 슬립 야수 쿡 또한 가장 취한 잡는다 175 잉글랜드 [12] , 13과 시험 시리즈에서 찍은 가장 잡는 잉글랜드 기록 보유 [13]가 2010 옆구리를 Captaining을 2016 년에 멈출 때까지 Cook은 영어로 진행된 가장 많은 경기 기록을 보유하고 있습니다.선장 59 점, 최다 연속 경기 기록 (159 점), 잉글랜드 최다 경기 기록 (161 점). [14] [15] [16]

잉글랜드에서 가장 많은 테스트 를 수행하는 사람James Anderson 입니다. [17] 2003 년 데뷔 한 그는 2020 년 8 월 현재 154 경기에서 총 600 개의 위켓을 획득했으며, 이는 테스트 크리켓에서 가장 빠른 볼링 선수 입니다. [18] 그는 또한 잉글랜드 크리켓 선수 중 가장 많은 이닝 동안 29 개의 5 위켓 홀달성했습니다 . [19] 영국에서 가장 많은 10 위켓을 기록한 기록은 시드니 반스 ( 7 명)가 보유하고 있으며, 1913–14 년 남아프리카 공화국을 순회하는 동안 49 번의 시리즈 중 가장 많은 위켓을 기록한 테스트 크리켓 기록을 보유하고 있습니다. . [20] [21] Alan Knott269 번의 해고를 기록한 잉글랜드에서 가장 성공적인 개찰구 키퍼 입니다. [22] 잉글랜드는 두 가지 연령 기록을 주장하고 있는데, 제임스 사우 더튼 은 49 세에 테스트 데뷔를 한 가장 오래된 선수로, 윌프레드 로즈 는 52 세의 나이로 테스트 경기에서 뛰었던 가장 오래된 크리켓 선수입니다. [23] [24]

팀 승리, 패배, 무승부파트너십 기록을 제외하고 각 카테고리에 대해 상위 5 개 기록이 나열됩니다 . 5 위에 대한 동점 기록도 포함됩니다. 목록에 사용 된 일반적인 기호 및 크리켓 용어에 대한 설명은 다음과 같습니다. 해당하는 경우 각 범주에 구체적인 세부 정보가 제공됩니다. 모든 기록에는 잉글랜드 에서만 진행된 경기가 포함 되며 2020 년 1 월 기준으로 정확합니다 .

상징 의미
dagger 선수 또는 심판이 현재 테스트 크리켓에서 활동 중입니다.
* 플레이어가 아웃되지 않았 거나 파트너십이 깨지지 않았습니다.
크리켓 기록 테스트
이닝 선언 (예 : 903 / 7d)
데이트 테스트 경기 시작일
이닝 플레이 이닝
성냥 플레이 한 경기 수
반대 잉글랜드가 상대했던 팀
기간 플레이어가 테스트 크리켓에서 활동 한 기간
플레이어 기록에 관련된 선수
장소 경기가 진행된 테스트 크리켓 경기장

팀 기록

팀 승리, 패배 및 무승부

년 8 월 2020으로 , 영국 테스트가 일치 1,028을 해왔다 결과 374 승 305 패 349 년은 36.38의 전체 승률, 테스트 연주 팀의 세 번째로 높은 승률을 위해립니다. [8] [c] 잉글랜드는 830 년에 출전 한 호주앞 지르고 가장 많은 테스트 경기를 치렀습니다. [8] 잉글랜드는 아일랜드 와의 경기에서 무패하며 방글라데시 를 단 한 번만 이겼 습니다. [25] 잉글랜드는 호주, 인도 , 뉴질랜드 , 남아프리카 , 스리랑카서인도 제도 – 호주를 제외한 모든 국가에서 우승. [26]

반대 첫 번째 테스트 성냥 이겼다 잃어버린 그어진 묶여 % 이겼다
호주 1877 년 3 월 15 일 [27] 351 110 146 95 0 31.33
방글라데시 2003 년 10 월 21 일 [28] 10 9 1 0 0 90.00
인도 1932 년 6 월 25 일 [29] 122 47 26 49 0 38.52
아일랜드 2019 년 7 월 24 일 [30] 1 1 0 0 0 100.00
뉴질랜드 1930 년 1 월 10 일 [31] 105 48 11 46 0 45.71
파키스탄 1954 년 6 월 10 일 [32] 86 26 21 39 0 30.23
남아프리카 1889 년 3 월 12 일 [33] 153 64 34 55 0 41.83
스리랑카 1982 년 2 월 17 일 [34] 34 15 8 11 0 44.11
서인도 제도 1928 년 6 월 23 일 [35] 160 51 58 52 0 31.87
짐바브웨 1996 년 12 월 18 일 [36] 6 0 0 50.00
합계 1,028 374 305 349 0 36.38
최종 업데이트 : 2020 년 8 월 25 일 [8] [25]

첫 번째 테스트 시리즈 우승

상대 첫 홈 우승의 해 첫 원정 승리의 해
아프가니스탄 아직 플레이 아직 플레이
호주 1880 년 1883 년
방글라데시 2005 년 2003 년
인도 1932 년 1934 년
아일랜드 2019 년 아직 플레이
뉴질랜드 1931 년 1930 년
파키스탄 1962 년 1962 년
남아프리카 1907 년 1892 년
스리랑카 1988 년 1982 년
서인도 제도 1928 년 1968 년
짐바브웨 2000 년 -
최종 업데이트 : 2020 년 6 월 20 일 [37]

팀 득점 기록

대부분의 이닝

1997 년 8 월 스리랑카와 인도 간의 시리즈에서 테스트 크리켓에서 총 득점이 가장 높은 이닝을 기록했습니다 . 콜롬보R. Premadasa 스타디움 에서 열린 첫 번째 테스트에서 호스트는 총 952 / 6d의 첫 이닝을 기록했습니다. 이것은 영국 이 The Oval 에서 1938 Ashes 시리즈 의 마지막 테스트에서 호주를 상대로 세운 903 / 7d라는 오랜 기록을 깨뜨 렸습니다 . 이것은 차례로 1930 년에 서인도 제도를 상대로 잉글랜드의 849를 모두 돌파했습니다 . [38]

계급 점수 반대 장소 데이트
1 903/7 일 호주 The Oval , 런던 , 영국 1938 년 8 월 20 일
2 849 서인도 제도 Sabina Park , Kingston , 자메이카 1930 년 4 월 3 일
710/7 일 인도 Edgbaston , Birmingham , 잉글랜드 2011 년 8 월 10 일
4 658/8 일 호주 Trent Bridge , 노팅엄 , 잉글랜드 1938 년 6 월 10 일
5 654/5 남아프리카 Kingsmead Cricket Ground , 더반 , 남아프리카 공화국 1939 년 3 월 3 일
최종 업데이트 : 2018 년 7 월 30 일 [39]

가장 성공적인 런 체이스

가장 성공적인 달리기 추격전은 2003 년 5 월 Antigua Recreation Ground 에서 호주를 상대로 한 서인도 제도의 승리 였습니다. 마지막 이닝에서 승리를 위해 418을 설정 한 호스트는 7 개 위켓 패배 목표를 달성했습니다. 영국에서 가장 성공적인 추격전은 Headingley 에서 열린 2019 Ashes 시리즈 의 세 번째 테스트 에서 호주를 상대로했습니다 . 잉글랜드는 하나의 개찰구를 손에 들고 359 개의 목표를 달성했습니다. 잉글랜드는 테스트 경기에서 단 4 번만 300 점이 넘는 목표를 성공적으로 추격했습니다. [40] [41]

계급 점수 표적 반대 [d] 장소 데이트
1 362/9 359 호주 Headingley , 리즈 , 잉글랜드 2019 년 8 월 22 일
2 332/7 332 Melbourne Cricket Ground , 멜버른 , 호주 1928 년 12 월 29 일
315/4 315 Headingley , 리즈 , 잉글랜드 2001 년 8 월 16 일
4 307/6 305 뉴질랜드 Lancaster Park , 크라이스트 처치 , 뉴질랜드 1997 년 2 월 14 일
5 298/4 297 호주 Melbourne Cricket Ground , 멜버른 , 호주 1895 년 3 월 1 일
최종 업데이트 : 2019 년 9 월 1 일 [40]

Fewest는 이닝에서 실행

테스트 크리켓에서 총 득점이 가장 낮은 것은 1955 년 3 월 영국의 두 번째 뉴질랜드 투어에서 나온 것이다. 잉글랜드에 46 점차로 뒤진 뉴질랜드는 2 이닝에서 26 점을 기록했다. [43] 테스트 역사상 12 번째로 낮은 점수는 1886-87 Ashes 시리즈 의 첫 번째 테스트에서 호주와의 첫 번째 이닝에서 영국이 총 45 점을 기록한 것입니다 . [44]

계급 점수 반대 [d] 장소 데이트
1 45 호주 시드니 크리켓 그라운드 , 시드니 , 호주 1887 년 1 월 28 일
2 46 서인도 제도 Queen 's Park Oval , Port of Spain , 트리니다드 토바고 1994 년 3 월 25 일
51 Sabina Park , Kingston , 자메이카 2009 년 2 월 4 일
4 52 호주 The Oval , 런던 , 영국 1948 년 8 월 14 일
5 53 Lord 's , 런던 , 영국 1888 년 7 월 16 일
최종 업데이트 : 2018 년 7 월 30 일 [45]

대부분의 이닝 실점

잉글랜드 득점 합계에 가장 높은 이닝 것입니다 인도 가의 다섯 번째 시험에서 759 / 7D를 득점 할 때 2016 인도의 영국 투어 에서 MA 치담 바람 경기장 . [38]

계급 점수 반대 장소 데이트
1 759/7 일 인도 MA Chidambaram Stadium , 첸나이 , 인도 2016.12.16
2 751/5 일 서인도 제도 Antigua Recreation Ground , St. John 's , 앤티가 바부 다 2004 년 4 월 10 일
749/9 일 Kensington Oval , Bridgetown , 바베이도스 2009 년 2 월 26 일
4 729/6 일 호주 Lord 's , 런던 , 영국 1930 년 6 월 27 일
5 708 파키스탄 The Oval , 런던 , 영국 1987 년 8 월 6 일
최종 업데이트 : 2020 년 8 월 23 일 [46]

이닝에서 실점 된 적은 득점

테스트 크리켓에서 총 득점이 가장 낮은 것은 1955 년 3 월 영국의 두 번째 뉴질랜드 투어에서 나온 것이다. 잉글랜드에 46 점차로 뒤진 뉴질랜드는 2 이닝에서 26 점을 기록했다. [43] [44]

계급 점수 반대 장소 데이트
1 26 ♠ 뉴질랜드 Eden Park , 오클랜드 , 뉴질랜드 1955 년 3 월 25 일
2 30 남아프리카 St George 's Park Cricket Ground , 포트 엘리자베스 , 남아프리카 공화국 1896 년 2 월 13 일
남아프리카 Edgbaston Cricket Ground , 버밍엄 영국 1924 년 6 월 14 일
4 35 남아프리카 Newlands Cricket Ground , 케이프 타운 , 남아프리카 공화국 1899 년 4 월 1 일
5 36 호주 Edgbaston Cricket Ground , 버밍엄 영국 1902 년 5 월 29 일
최종 업데이트 : 2017 년 12 월 3 일 [47]

결과 기록

Wally Hammond circa 1930
1938 년 Wally Hammond 는 잉글랜드를 1 이닝 579 득점으로 호주를 제치고 테스트 크리켓에서 가장 큰 승리를 거두었습니다. [48] [49]

테스트 일치가되어 승리 한 쪽이 더 득점 때 실행 자신의 두시 반대 측에 의해 득점 총 실행 이상을 이닝 . 양측이 할당 된 이닝을 모두 완료하고 마지막으로 수비 된 측이 더 높은 득점 집계를 기록한 경우이를 득점 별 승리라고합니다. 이것은 상대 팀보다 더 많은 득점을 기록한 런 수를 나타냅니다. 한 쪽이 단일 이닝에서 다른 쪽이 두 이닝에서 얻은 총 득점보다 더 많은 득점을 기록하면 이닝과 득점으로 승리 한 것으로 알려져 있습니다. 사이드 타격이 마지막으로 경기에서 이기면 위켓의한 승리로 알려져 있으며 여전히 떨어질 수있는 위켓의 수를 나타냅니다. [50]

최대 승리 마진 (이닝 기준)

The Oval 에서 1938 Ashes 시리즈 의 다섯 번째 Test 에서 잉글랜드는 1 이닝 579 득점으로 승리했습니다. 이는 테스트 크리켓 역사상 최대 1 이닝 승리입니다. 다음 가장 큰 승리의 첫 번째 테스트에서 남아프리카 공화국에 대한 호주의 승리였다 2001-02 투어 상기 원더러스 스타디움 관광객 이닝 360 개 실행에 의해 원. [49]

계급 여유 반대 장소 데이트
1 이닝 579 런 ♠ 호주 The Oval , 런던 , 영국 1938 년 8 월 20 일
2 이닝 285 런 인도 Lord 's , 런던 , 영국 1974 년 6 월 20 일
이닝 283 점 서인도 제도 Headingley , 리즈 , 잉글랜드 2007 년 5 월 25 일
4 이닝 261 런 방글라데시 Lord 's , 런던 , 영국 2005 년 5 월 26 일
5 이닝 244 런 인도 The Oval , 런던 , 영국 2014 년 8 월 15 일
최종 업데이트 : 2018 년 7 월 30 일 [51]

가장 큰 승리 마진 (런 기준)

테스트 크리켓에서 가장 큰 득점으로이긴 마진은 1928-29 Ashes 시리즈 의 첫 번째 테스트에서 영국이 호주를 675 점으로 승리 한 것 입니다. 다음 두 번의 가장 큰 승리는 1934 년 Ashes 시리즈 의 마지막 테스트에서 562 득점으로 영국을 제압 한 것을 포함하여 호주가 기록했습니다 . [52]

계급 여유 반대 장소 데이트
1 675 런 ♠ 호주 Brisbane Exhibition Ground , 브리즈번 , 호주 1928 년 11 월 30 일
2 354 회 파키스탄 Trent Bridge , 노팅엄 , 잉글랜드 2010 년 7 월 29 일
347 회 호주 Lord 's , 런던 , 영국 2013 년 7 월 18 일
4 338 회 Adelaide Oval , 애들레이드 , 호주 1933 년 1 월 13 일
5 330 회 파키스탄 Old Trafford Cricket Ground , 맨체스터 , 잉글랜드 2016 년 7 월 22 일
최종 업데이트 : 2018 년 7 월 30 일 [51]

최대 승률 (위 켓별)

잉글랜드는 20 회에 걸쳐 10 위켓의 차이로 테스트 경기에서 승리했으며, 29 일 호주에 이어 26 일 서인도 제도에 이어 세 번째로 높은 점수를 받았습니다. [51] [53] [54] [e] 그들의 첫 번째 10 위켓 승리는 반대였습니다. 1885 년 호주와 2012 년 인도와의 가장 최근 경기. 10 번의 위켓 승리 중 6 번 (다른 팀을 상대로 가장 많은 승리)이 남아프리카를 상대로 승리했습니다.

가장 좁은 승리 마진 (런 기준)

Michael Vaughan in 2006
마이클 본 (Michael Vaughan)2005 년 Ashes 시리즈 의 두 번째 테스트에서 2 점차로 영국을 오스트레일리아를 제치고 승리했습니다 . [60] [61]

잉글랜드에서 가장 좁은 득점으로 승리 한 것은 Edgbaston 에서 열린 2005 Ashes 시리즈 의 두 번째 테스트에서 호주를 상대로 한 것 입니다. 결승전에서 282 점을 기록한 호주는 279 점을 기록하며 주최측에게 2 점차로 승리했습니다. [60] 이것은 테스트 크리켓에서 두 번째로 좁은 승리였으며, 가장 좁은 것은 1993 년 호주 상대로 한 서인도 제도의 1 점 승리 였습니다. [62]

계급 여유 반대 [d] 장소 데이트
1 2 런 호주 Edgbaston , Birmingham , 잉글랜드 2005 년 8 월 4 일
2 3 런 Melbourne Cricket Ground , 멜버른 , 호주 1982 년 12 월 26 일
10 런 호주 시드니 크리켓 그라운드 , 시드니 , 호주 1894 년 12 월 14 일
4 12 런 호주 Adelaide Oval , 애들레이드 , 호주 1929 년 2 월 1 일
Melbourne Cricket Ground , 멜버른 , 호주 1998 년 12 월 26 일
최종 업데이트 : 2018 년 7 월 30 일 [63]

가장 좁은 승률 (위 켓별)

Archie MacLaren in 1905
Archie MacLaren1902 Ashes 시리즈 의 4 번째 테스트 에서 3 점 차이로 패배 한 영국 팀을 이끌었고 5 번째 테스트에서 1 위켓으로 승리했습니다. [64] [65] 두 기록 모두 1 세기가 지난 지금까지도 각각 잉글랜드의 가장 좁은 위켓 승리와 가장 좁은 패배로 남아 있습니다. [63] [66]

잉글랜드는 네 차례에 걸쳐 1 위켓의 차이로 승리했으며, 가장 최근 에는 Headingley 에서 열린 2019 Ashes 시리즈 의 세 번째 테스트입니다 . 이 경기에서는 호스트가 테스트 크리켓에서 359 점을 기록하며 [67] 테스트 크리켓에서 단 14 번의 원 위켓 승리 중 하나 인 가장 높은 성공률을 기록했습니다 . [63] [68]

계급 여유 반대 [d] 장소 데이트
1 1 개찰구 호주 The Oval , 런던 , 영국 1902 년 8 월 11 일
Melbourne Cricket Ground , 멜버른 , 호주 1908 년 1 월 1 일
남아프리카 Newlands Cricket Ground , 케이프 타운 , 남아프리카 공화국 1923 년 1 월 1 일
호주 Headingley , 리즈 , 잉글랜드 2019 년 8 월 22 일
5 2 개찰구 호주 The Oval , 런던 , 영국 1890 년 8 월 11 일
남아프리카 Kingsmead Cricket Ground , 더반 , 남아프리카 공화국 1948 년 12 월 16 일
남아프리카 Centurion Park , Centurion , 남아프리카 공화국 2000 년 1 월 14 일
서인도 제도 Lord 's , 런던 , 영국 2000 년 6 월 29 일
최종 업데이트 : 2019 년 9 월 1 일 [63]

최대 손실 마진 (이닝 별)

잉글랜드는 1946-47 Ashes 시리즈 의 첫 번째 테스트 에서 The Gabba 에서 이닝으로 가장 큰 패배를당했습니다 . 이는 제 2 차 세계 대전 이후 호주에서 열린 첫 번째 테스트 경기 입니다. [69] [70] 이닝 (332 개)에 의해 실행되는 호스트에 내려가는이 테스트 크리켓 과거에서 네 번째 무거운 패배. [49]

계급 여유 반대 장소 데이트
1 이닝 332 런 호주 The Gabba , 브리즈번 , 호주 1946 년 11 월 29 일
2 이닝 226 점 서인도 제도 Lord 's , 런던 , 영국 1973 년 8 월 23 일
이닝 215 런 스리랑카 Singhalese Sports Club Cricket Ground , 콜롬보 , 스리랑카 2003 년 12 월 18 일
4 이닝 및 200 런 호주 Melbourne Cricket Ground , 멜버른 , 호주 1937 년 2 월 26 일
5 이닝 180 런 서인도 제도 Edgbaston , Birmingham , 잉글랜드 1984 년 6 월 14 일
호주 Trent Bridge , 노팅엄 , 잉글랜드 1989 년 8 월 10 일
최종 업데이트 : 2018 년 7 월 30 일 [71]

최대 손실 마진 (실행 별)

1928-29 Ashes 시리즈 의 첫 번째 테스트 에서는 호주가 영국에 675 점차로 패해 테스트 크리켓에서 가장 큰 손실을 기록했습니다. 결과는의 다섯 번째이자 마지막 시험에서 반전 된 1934 유골 시리즈 에서 타원형 관광객이 562 개 실행, 실행에 의해 잉글랜드의 가장 큰 패배하여 호스트를 격파했다. [52]

계급 여유 반대 장소 데이트
1 562 런 호주 The Oval , 런던 , 영국 1934 년 8 월 18 일
2 425 회 서인도 제도 Old Trafford Cricket Ground , 맨체스터 , 잉글랜드 1976 년 7 월 8 일
409 회 호주 Lord 's , 런던 , 영국 1948 년 6 월 24 일
4 405 런 2015 년 7 월 16 일
5 384 회 The Gabba , 브리즈번 , 호주 2002 년 11 월 7 일
최종 업데이트 : 2018 년 7 월 30 일 [71]

최대 손실 마진 (위 켓별)

잉글랜드는 다른 어떤 테스트 팀보다 더 많은 23 번의 10 위켓 차이로 테스트 매치에서 패배했습니다. [71] [F]는 이 차이로 그들의 첫 패배는 1879 년 호주에 있었고 가장 최근은 2019 년 호주에서 서인도 제도에 대해이었고, 서인도 제도는 각각 일곱 차례에 걸쳐 10 개 개찰구에서 잉글랜드를 격파 있습니다. [71]

가장 좁은 손실 마진 (실행 기준)

Pelham Warner in 1906
Pelham Warner1906 년 1 월 남아프리카와의 첫 번째 테스트에서 1 위켓 차이로 패배 한 영국 팀의 주장이었습니다 . [66] [81]

한 경기 만 143 년의 테스트 크리켓은 1992-93 년 호주 서부 인도 투어의 네 번째 테스트 인 1 점 차이로 결정되었습니다 . 똑같이 세 번째로 좁은 패배는 Old Trafford 에서 1902 Ashes 시리즈 의 네 번째 테스트에서 영국의 패배였습니다 . 6 위켓으로 승리하기 위해 32 득점을 요구 한 잉글랜드는 3 점차로 패배했다. [62] [82] [83]

계급 여유 반대 [d] 장소 데이트
1 3 런 호주 Old Trafford Cricket Ground , 맨체스터 , 잉글랜드 1902 년 7 월 24 일
2 6 런 호주 시드니 크리켓 그라운드 , 시드니 , 호주 1885 년 2 월 20 일
7 런 The Oval , 런던 , 영국 1882 년 8 월 28 일
4 11 런 호주 Adelaide Oval , 애들레이드 , 호주 1925 년 1 월 16 일
5 17 런 남아프리카 Wanderers Stadium , Johannesburg , 남아프리카 1957 년 2 월 15 일
최종 업데이트 : 2018 년 7 월 30 일 [66]

가장 좁은 손실 마진 (위 켓별)

테스트 크리켓은 1 위켓의 차이로 결정된 14 경기를 보았습니다. 잉글랜드는 그중 하나에서 패배했습니다. [68] Old Wanderers 에서 1905 ~ 06 년 남아프리카를 상대로 한 첫 번째 테스트 에서는 홈 팀이 최종 이닝에서 284 점을 목표로 쫓는 것을 보았습니다. [84]

계급 여유 반대 [d] [g] 장소 데이트
1 1 개찰구 남아프리카 Old Wanderers, Johannesburg, South Africa 2 January 1906
2 2 wickets Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia 13 December 1907
West Indies Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England 5 June 1980
Pakistan Lord's London, England 18 June 1992
5 3 wickets Australia Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England 16 July 1896
South Africa 7 July 1955
Pakistan National Stadium, Karachi, Pakistan 2 March 1984
West Indies Queen's Park Oval, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago 5 February 1998
Last updated: 30 July 2018[66]

Individual records

Len Hutton in 1938
Len Hutton has scored the highest individual Test score (364) for England.[86]

Batting records

Most career runs

A run is the basic means of scoring in cricket. A run is scored when the batsman hits the ball with his bat and with his partner runs the length of 22 yards (20 m) of the pitch.[87]

India's Sachin Tendulkar has scored the most runs in Test cricket with 15,921. Second is Ricky Ponting of Australia with 13,378 ahead of Jacques Kallis from South Africa in third with 13,289. Alastair Cook, the only England batsman who has scored more than 10,000 runs in Test cricket, is in fifth with 12,472.[9]

Rank Runs Player Matches Innings Period
1 12,472 Alastair Cook 161 291 2006–2018
2 8,900 Graham Gooch 118 215 1975–1995
3 8,463 Alec Stewart 133 235 1990–2003
4 8,231 David Gower 117 204 1978–1992
5 8,181 Kevin Pietersen 104 181 2005–2014
Last updated: 13 October 2018[86]

Fastest player to multiples of 1,000 runs

Runs Batsman Match Innings Record Date Reference
1,000 Herbert Sutcliffe 9 12 13 February 1925 [88]
2,000 22 33 21 July 1928 [89]
3,000 33 52 13 June 1930 [90]
4,000 43 68 10 February 1933 [91]
5,000 Jack Hobbs 55 91 8 March 1929 [92]
6,000 Wally Hammond 70 114 24 December 1938 [93]
7,000 80 131 17 August 1946 [94]
8,000 Kevin Pietersen 102 176 13 December 2013 [95]
9,000 Alastair Cook 114 204 29 May 2015 [96]
10,000 128 229 27 May 2016 [97]
11,000 140 252 16 December 2016 [98]
12,000 152 275 4 January 2018 [99]
Last updated: 20 June 2020

Most runs in each batting position

Batting position Batsman Innings Runs Average Test Career Span Ref
Opener Alastair Cook 278 11,845 ♠ 44.87 2006–2018 [100]
Number 3 Wally Hammond 52 3,440 74.78 1927–1947 [101]
Number 4 Kevin Pietersen 139 6,490 48.43 2005–2014 [102]
Number 5 Graham Thorpe 78 3,373 56.22 1993–2005 [103]
Number 6 Tony Greig 67 2,741 43.51 1972–1977 [104]
Number 7 Alan Knott 81 2,870 41.00 1967–1981 [105]
Number 8 Stuart Broaddagger 55 1,145 23.37 2007–2020 [106]
Number 9 69 1,295 ♠ 20.23 [107]
Number 10 67 726 ♠ 13.69 [108]
Number 11 James Andersondagger 141 564 8.67 2003–2020 [109]
Last updated: 9 August 2020

Highest individual score

As of August 2020 Len Hutton's score of 364 runs against Australia during the final Test of the 1938 Ashes series at The Oval is the sixth highest individual score in Test cricket and the highest by an England player. Wally Hammond's 336, scored against New Zealand in 1933, is the third highest not out Test innings and the ninth highest overall.[110] Hutton's, Hammond's and Andy Sandham's 325 against the West Indies in 1930 were Test record scores at the time they were scored.[111]

Rank Runs Player Opposition Venue Date
1 364 Len Hutton Australia The Oval, London, England 20 August 1938
2 336* Wally Hammond New Zealand Eden Park, Auckland, New Zealand 31 March 1933
3 333 Graham Gooch India Lord's, London, England 26 July 1990
4 325 Andy Sandham West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston, Jamaica 3 April 1930
5 310* John Edrich New Zealand Headingley, Leeds, England 8 July 1965
Last updated: 30 July 2018[112]

Highest individual score – progression of record

Runs Player Opponent Venue Season
63 Harry Jupp Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 1876-77
George Ulyett
152 W. G. Grace The Oval, London, England 1880
164 Arthur Shrewsbury Lord's, London, England 1886
170 W. G. Grace The Oval, London, England
173 Andrew Stoddart Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 1894-95
175 Ranjitsinhji Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia 1897-98
287 R. E. Foster 1903-04
325 Andy Sandham West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston, Jamaica 1930
336* Wally Hammond New Zealand Eden Park, Auckland, New Zealand 1933
364 Len Hutton Australia The Oval, London, Australia 1938
Last updated: 20 June 2020[112]

Highest career average

Herbert Sutcliffe in 1933
Herbert Sutcliffe has the highest career batting average for England with 60.73.[113]

A batsman's batting average is the total number of runs they have scored divided by the number of times they have been dismissed.[114]

Australia's Don Bradman, widely acknowledged as the greatest batsman of all time, finished his Test career with an average of 99.94.[115] With 60.73, Herbert Sutcliffe is one of only five batsmen to finish his international career with an average above 60.[h][116]

Rank Average Player Runs Innings Not out Period
1 60.73 Herbert Sutcliffe 4,555 84 9 1924–1935
2 59.23 Eddie Paynter 1,540 31 5 1931–1939
3 58.67 Ken Barrington 6,806 131 15 1955–1968
4 58.45 Wally Hammond 7,249 140 16 1927–1947
5 56.94 Jack Hobbs 5,410 102 7 1908–1930
Qualification: 20 innings
Last updated: 7 October 2019
[113]

Highest average in each batting position

Batting position Batsman Innings Runs Average Career Span Ref
Opener Herbert Sutcliffe 83 4,522 61.10 ♠ 1924–1935 [117]
Number 3 Ken Barrington 40 2,626 77.23 1955–1968 [118]
Number 4 44 2,367 59.17 [119]
Number 5 Joe Rootdagger 30 1,797 69.11 ♠ 2012-2020 [120]
Number 6 Ian Bell 38 1,623 60.11 2004-15 [121]
Number 7 Alan Knott 81 2,870 41.00 1967–1981 [122]
Number 8 Matt Prior 22 620 36.47 2007-2014 [123]
Number 9 Graeme Swann 42 880 23.16 2008-13 [124]
Number 10 Fred Trueman 26 400 21.05 1953-1965 [125]
Number 11 Derek Underwood 27 182 18.20 1966–81 [126]
Last updated: 1 July 2020
Qualification: Min 20 innings batted at position

Most half-centuries

A half-century is a score of between 50 and 99 runs. Statistically, once a batsman's score reaches 100, it is no longer considered a half-century but a century.

Sachin Tendulkar of India has scored the most half-centuries in Test cricket with 68. He is followed by the West Indies' Shivnarine Chanderpaul on 66, India's Rahul Dravid and Allan Border of Australia are third on 63 and in seventh with 57 fifties to his name, England's Alastair Cook.[127]

Rank Half centuries Player Innings Runs Period
1 57 Alastair Cook 291 12,472 2006–2018
2 49 Joe Root dagger 177 7,823 2012–2020
3 46 Ian Bell 205 7,727 2004–2015
Michael Atherton 212 7,728 1989–2001
Graham Gooch 215 8,900 1975–1995
Last updated: 25 August 2020[10]

Most centuries

A century is a score of 100 or more runs in a single innings.

Tendulkar has also scored the most centuries in Test cricket with 51. South Africa's Jacques Kallis is next on 45 and Ricky Ponting with 41 hundreds is in third. The highest ranked England players are Alastair Cook in tenth with 33 centuries and Kevin Pietersen who finished his international career with 23 centuries is in equal twenty-fifth.[128]

Rank Centuries Player Innings Runs Period
1 33 Alastair Cook 291 12,472 2006–2018
2 23 Kevin Pietersen 181 8,181 2005–2014
3 22 Wally Hammond 140 7,249 1927–1947
Colin Cowdrey 188 7,624 1954–1975
Geoffrey Boycott 193 8,114 1964–1982
Ian Bell 205 7,727 2004–2015
Last updated: 7 October 2019[11]

Most double centuries

Wally Hammond in February 1933
Wally Hammond has scored the most double centuries for England with seven and holds the England record for the most runs scored in a series with 905 runs during the 1928–29 Ashes series.[129][130]

A double century is a score of 200 or more runs in a single innings.

Bradman holds the Test record for the most double centuries scored with twelve, one ahead of Sri Lanka's Kumar Sangakkara who finished his career with eleven. In third place is Brian Lara of the West Indies with nine. England's Wally Hammond and Mahela Jayawardene of Sri Lanka have both reached the mark on seven occasions.[129]

Rank Double centuries Player Innings Runs Period
1 7 Wally Hammond 140 7,249 1927–1947
2 5 Alastair Cook 291 12,472 2006–2018
3 4 Len Hutton 138 6,971 1937–1955
4 3 Joe Root dagger 177 7,823 2012–2020
Kevin Pietersen 181 8,181 2005–2014
Last updated: 25 August 2020[131]

Most triple centuries

A triple century is a score of 300 or more runs in a single innings.

Four cricketers hold the Test record for the most triple centuries scored with two – Don Bradman, India's Virender Sehwag and West Indians Chris Gayle and Brian Lara.[132] Five England players have scored a single Test triple century with former captain Graham Gooch the most recent to do so in 1990, as of January 2020.[133]

Rank Triple centuries Player Innings Runs Period
1 1 Andy Sandham 23 879 1921–1930
John Edrich 127 5,138 1963–1976
Len Hutton 138 6,971 1937–1955
Wally Hammond 140 7,249 1927–1947
Graham Gooch 215 8,900 1975–1995
Last updated: 7 October 2019[134]

Most Sixes

Rank Sixes Player Innings Runs Period
1 81 Kevin Pietersen 181 8,181 2005-14
2 78 Andrew Flintoff 128 3,795 1998–09
3 74 Ben Stokesdagger 122 4,428 2013–20
4 67 Ian Botham 161 5,200 1977–92
5 48 Stuart Broaddagger 208 3,335 2007–20
Last updated: 25 August 2020[135]

Most Fours

Rank Fours Player Innings Runs Period
1 1442 Alastair Cook 291 12,472 2006-18
2 1121 Alec Stewart 235 8,463 1990–2003
3 1079 Graham Gooch 215 8,900 1975–95
4 985 Kevin Pietersen 181 8,181 2005-14
5 979 David Gower 204 8,231 1978–1992
Last updated: 20 June 2020[136]

Most runs in a series

The 1930 Ashes series in England saw Bradman set the record for the most runs scored in a single series, falling just 26 short of 1,000 runs. He is followed by Wally Hammond with 905 runs scored in the 1928–29 Ashes series. Alastair Cook's 766 runs scored during the 2010–11 Ashes series ranks in 14th.[130]

Rank Runs Player Matches Innings Series
1 905 Wally Hammond 5 9 1928–29 Ashes series
2 766 Alastair Cook 5 7 2010–11 Ashes series
3 753 Denis Compton 5 8 South African cricket team in England in 1947
4 752 Graham Gooch 3 6 Indian cricket team in England in 1990
5 734 Herbert Sutcliffe 5 9 1924–25 Ashes series
Last updated: 30 July 2018[137]

Most ducks

A duck refers to a batsman being dismissed without scoring a run.[138] Former West Indian fast bowler Courtney Walsh has scored the highest number of ducks in Test cricket with 43 followed by New Zealand's Chris Martin with 36. Stuart Broad, with 35 scoreless innings, and James Anderson, with 26, are equal third and equal ninth on the list respectively.[139]

Rank Ducks Player Matches Innings Period
1 35 Stuart Broad dagger 143 208 2007–2020
2 26 James Anderson dagger 156 216 2003–2020
3 20 Monty Panesar 50 68 2006–2013
Steve Harmison 62 84 2002–2009
Michael Atherton 115 212 1989–2001
Last updated: 25 August 2020[140]

Bowling records

James Anderson in 2014
James Anderson holds the record for the most wickets taken by a fast bowler in Test cricket with 600.[18]

Most career wickets

A bowler takes the wicket of a batsman when the form of dismissal is bowled, caught, leg before wicket, stumped or hit wicket. If the batsman is dismissed by run out, obstructing the field, handling the ball, hitting the ball twice or timed out the bowler does not receive credit.

Sri Lankan bowler Muttiah Muralitharan holds the record for taking the most wickets in Test cricket with 800, followed by Australia's Shane Warne who previously held the record with 708.[141][142] James Anderson of England is fourth on the list with 600 Test wickets to his name as of August 2020 and in September 2018 he passed Australia's Glenn McGrath to become the fast bowler with the most Test wickets.[18][143] Stuart Broad, with 514, is the second-highest England Test wicket-taker and seventh overall.[141]

Rank Wickets Player Matches Innings Runs Period
1 600 James Anderson dagger 155 291 16,078 2003–2020
2 514 Stuart Broad dagger 143 263 14,216 2007–2020
3 383 Ian Botham 102 168 10,878 1977–1992
4 325 Bob Willis 90 165 8,190 1971–1984
5 307 Fred Trueman 67 127 6,625 1952–1965
Last updated: 25 August 2020[17]

Fastest wicket taker

Wickets Bowler Match Record Date Reference
50 Tom Richardson 7 22 June 1896 [144]
100 George Lohmann 16 ♠ 2 March 1896 [145]
150 Sydney Barnes 24 ♠ 13 December 1913 [146]
200 Ian Botham 41 27 August 1981 [147]
250 55 12 November 1982 [148]
300 Fred Trueman 66 13 August 1964 [149]
350 Ian Botham 83 3 April 1986 [150]
400 James Anderson 104 29 May 2015 [151]
450 115 27 May 2016 [152]
500 129 7 September 2017 [153]
600 156 22 August 2020 [154]
Last updated: 25 August 2020

Best figures in an innings

Bowling figures refers to the number of the wickets a bowler has taken and the number of runs conceded.[155]

There have been two occasions in Test cricket where a bowler has taken all ten wickets in a single innings – Jim Laker of England took 10/53 against Australia in 1956 and India's Anil Kumble in 1999 returned figures of 10/74 against Pakistan. George Lohmann, one of fifteen bowlers who have taken nine wickets in a Test match innings, sits third on the list taking figures of 9/28 against South Africa in 1896.[156]

Rank Figures Player Opposition[g] Venue Date
1 10/53 Jim Laker Australia Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England 26 July 1956
2 9/28 George Lohmann South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg, South Africa 2 March 1896
3 9/37 Jim Laker Australia Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England 26 July 1956
4 9/57 Devon Malcolm South Africa The Oval, London, England 18 August 1994
5 9/103 Sydney Barnes South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg, South Africa 26 December 1913
Last updated: 30 July 2018[157]

Best figures in a match

A bowler's bowling figures in a match is the sum of the wickets taken and the runs conceded over both innings.

No bowler in the history of Test cricket has taken all 20 wickets in a match. The closest to do so was English spin bowler Jim Laker. During the fourth Test of the 1956 Ashes series, Laker took 9/37 in the first innings and 10/53 in the second to finish with match figures of 19/90.[158] Sydney Barnes's figures of 17/159, taken in the second Test of the 1913–14 South African tour, is the second-best in Test cricket history.[159]

Rank Figures Player Opposition[g] Venue Date
1 19/90 Jim Laker Australia Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England 26 July 1956
2 17/159 Sydney Barnes South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg, South Africa 26 December 1913
3 15/28 Johnny Briggs South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town, South Africa 25 March 1889
4 15/45 George Lohmann South Africa St George's Park Cricket Ground, Port Elizabeth, South Africa 13 February 1896
5 15/99 Colin Blythe South Africa Headingley, Leeds, England 29 July 1907
Last updated: 30 July 2018[160]

Best career average

George Lohmann pre 1900
George Lohmann holds the record for the best Test career bowling average and strike rate, with figures of 10.75 and 34.1, respectively.[161][162]

A bowler's bowling average is the total number of runs they have conceded divided by the number of wickets they have taken.

Nineteenth century English medium pacer George Lohmann holds the record for the best career average in Test cricket with 10.75. J. J. Ferris, one of fifteen cricketers to have played Test cricket for more than one team,[163] is second behind Lohmann with an overall career average of 12.70 runs per wicket. Billy Barnes is third on the list, finishing his Test career with an average of 15.54.[161]

Rank Average Player Wickets Runs Balls Period
1 10.75 ♠ George Lohmann 112 1,205 3,830 1886–1896
2 15.54 Billy Barnes 51 793 2,289 1880–1890
3 16.42 Billy Bates 50 821 2,364 1881–1887
4 16.43 Sydney Barnes 189 3,106 7,873 1901–1914
5 16.98 Bobby Peel 101 1,715 5,216 1884–1896
Qualification: 2,000 balls
Last updated: 30 July 2018
[164]

Best career strike rate

A bowler's strike rate is the total number of balls they have bowled divided by the number of wickets they have taken.[138]

As with the career average above, the top two bowlers with the best Test career strike rate are George Lohmann and J. J. Ferris, with Lohmann on 34.1 and Ferris with an overall career strike rate of 37.7 balls per wicket.[162]

Rank Strike rate Player Wickets Balls Runs Period
1 34.1 ♠ George Lohmann 112 3,830 1,205 1886–1896
2 41.6 Sydney Barnes 189 7,873 3,106 1901–1914
3 44.8 Billy Barnes 51 2,289 793 1880–1890
4 45.1 Johnny Briggs 118 5,332 2,095 1884–1899
5 45.4 Frank Tyson 76 3,452 1,411 1954–1959
Qualification: 2,000 balls
Last updated: 30 July 2018
[165]

Best career economy rate

William Attewell in 1895
William Attewell finished his career with an economy rate of 1.31, a Test cricket record.[166]

A bowler's economy rate is the total number of runs they have conceded divided by the number of overs they have bowled.[138]

English bowler William Attewell, who played 10 Tests between 1884 and 1892, holds the Test record for the best career economy rate with 1.31. Cliff Gladwin, with a rate of 1.60 runs per over conceded over his 8-match Test career, is second on the list.[166]

Rank Economy rate Player Runs Balls Wickets Period
1 1.31 ♠ William Attewell 626 2,850 28 1884–1892
2 1.60 Cliff Gladwin 571 2,129 15 1947–1949
3 1.85 Roy Kilner 734 2,368 24 1924–1926
4 1.87 Dick Barlow 767 2,456 34 1881–1887
5 1.88 Hedley Verity 3,510 11,173 144 1931–1939
Qualification: 2,000 balls
Last updated: 30 July 2018
[167]

Most five-wicket hauls in an innings

Ian Botham in July 2013
Ian Botham is second to James Anderson for the England record for the most Test five-wicket hauls.[19]

A five-wicket haul refers to a bowler taking five wickets in a single innings.[168]

Sri Lanka's Muttiah Muralitharan has taken the most five-wicket hauls in Test cricket with 67 throughout his career followed by Shane Warne achieving 37. James Anderson is the highest ranked England player in seventh, with 28.[169]

Rank Five-wicket hauls Player Innings Balls Wickets Period
1 29 James Anderson dagger 291 33,745 600 2003–2020
2 27 Ian Botham 168 21,815 383 1977–1992
3 24 Sydney Barnes 50 7,873 189 1901–1914
4 18 Stuart Broad dagger 263 29,004 514 2007–2020
5 17 Fred Trueman 127 15,178 307 1952–1965
Graeme Swann 109 15,349 255 2008–2013
Derek Underwood 151 21,862 297 1966–1982
Last updated: 25 August 2020[19]

Most ten-wicket hauls in a match

A ten-wicket haul refers to a bowler taking ten or more wickets in a match over two innings.

As with the five-wicket hauls above, Muttiah Muralitharan leads Shane Warne in taking the most ten-wicket hauls in Test cricket with Muralitharan having taken 22 to Warne's 10. Sydney Barnes of England is in equal sixth with three other bowlers, each achieving the feat on seven occasions.[170]

Rank Ten-wicket hauls Player Matches Balls Wickets Period
1 7 Sydney Barnes 27 7,873 189 1901–1914
2 6 Derek Underwood 86 21,862 297 1966–1982
3 5 George Lohmann 18 3,830 112 1886–1896
Alec Bedser 51 15,918 236 1946–1955
5 4 Tom Richardson 14 4,498 88 1893–1898
Colin Blythe 19 4,546 100 1901–1910
Johnny Briggs 33 5,332 118 1884–1899
Ian Botham 102 21,815 383 1977–1992
Last updated: 11 August 2019[20]

Worst figures in an innings

The worst figures in a single innings in Test cricket came in the third Test between the West Indies at home to Pakistan in 1958. Pakistan's Khan Mohammad returned figures of 0/259 from his 54 overs in the second innings of the match.[171][172] The worst figures by an England player are 0/169 that came off the bowling of Tich Freeman in his final Test appearance.[173][174]

Rank Figures Player Overs Opposition Venue Date
1 0/169 Tich Freeman 49 South Africa The Oval, London, England 17 August 1929
2 0/163 Adil Rashid 34 Pakistan Zayed Sports City Stadium, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 13 October 2015
3 0/155 Moeen Ali 52 South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town, South Africa 2 January 2016
4 0/152 Pat Pocock 57 West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston, Jamaica 16 February 1974
5 0/151 Graeme Swann 52 South Africa The Oval, London, England 19 July 2012
Last updated: 30 July 2018[175]

Worst figures in a match

The worst figures in a match in Test cricket were taken by South Africa's Imran Tahir in the second Test against Australia at the Adelaide Oval in November 2012. He returned figures of 0/180 from his 23 overs in the first innings and 0/80 off 14 in the third innings for a total of 0/260 from 37 overs.[176] He claimed the record in his final over when two runs came from it – enough for him to pass the previous record of 0/259, set 54 years prior.[177][178][179]

The worst figures by an England player came in the fourth Test of the 1989–90 tour of the West Indies when Devon Malcolm returned figures of 0/142 and 0/46 for a total of 0/188 off 43 overs.[180]

Rank Figures Player Overs Opposition Venue Date
1 0/188 Devon Malcolm 43 West Indies Kensington Oval, Bridgetown, Barbados 5 April 1990
2 0/184 Ian Salisbury 33 Pakistan Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England 2 July 1992
3 0/184 Maurice Tate 100 Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 8 March 1929
4 0/169 Tich Freeman 49 South Africa The Oval, London, England 17 August 1929
5 0/166 Hedley Verity 57 Australia The Oval, London, England 18 August 1934
Last updated: 30 July 2018[181]

Most wickets in a series

Sydney Barnes in 1910
Sydney Barnes took 49 wickets in the 1913–14 series against South Africa, the most by any cricketer in a Test series.[21]

England's seventh Test tour of South Africa in 1913–14 saw the record set for the most wickets taken by a bowler in a Test series. English paceman Sydney Barnes played in four of the five matches and achieved a total of 49 wickets to his name. Jim Laker sits second on the list with 46 wickets taken during the 1956 Ashes series.[21]

Rank Wickets Player Matches Series
1 49 ♠ Sydney Barnes 4 English cricket team in South Africa in 1913–14
2 46 Jim Laker 5 1956 Ashes series
3 39 Sydney Barnes 6 1912 Triangular Tournament
Alec Bedser 5 1953 Ashes series
5 38 Maurice Tate 5 1924–25 Ashes series
Last updated: 30 July 2018[182]

Hat-trick

In cricket, a hat-trick occurs when a bowler takes three wickets with consecutive deliveries. The deliveries may be interrupted by an over bowled by another bowler from the other end of the pitch or the other team's innings, but must be three consecutive deliveries by the individual bowler in the same match. Only wickets attributed to the bowler count towards a hat-trick; run outs do not count. In Test cricket history there have been just 44 hat-tricks, the first achieved by Fred Spofforth for Australia against England in 1879. In 1912, Australian Jimmy Matthews achieved the feat twice in one game against South Africa. The only other players to achieve two hat-tricks are Australia's Hugh Trumble, against England in 1902 and 1904, Pakistan's Wasim Akram, in separate games against Sri Lanka in 1999, and England's Stuart Broad.

No. Bowler Against Venue Date Ref.
1 Billy Bates Australia MCG, Melbourne 20 January 1883 [183]
2 Johnny Briggs Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney 2 February 1892 [184]
3 George Lohmann South Africa St. George's Park, Port Elizabeth 14 February 1896 [185]
4 Jack Hearne Australia Headingley, Leeds 30 June 1899 [186]
5 Maurice Allom New Zealand Lancaster Park, Christchurch 10 January 1930 [187]
6 Tom Goddard South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg 26 December 1938 [188]
7 Peter Loader West Indies Headingley, Leeds 25 July 1957 [189]
8 Dominic Cork West Indies Old Trafford, Manchester 30 July 1995 [190]
9 Darren Gough Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney 2 January 1999 [191]
10 Matthew Hoggard West Indies Kensington Oval, Bridgetown 3 April 2004 [192]
11 Ryan Sidebottom New Zealand Seddon Park, Hamilton 8 March 2008 [193]
12 Stuart Broad India Trent Bridge, Nottingham 30 July 2011 [194]
13 Stuart Broad Sri Lanka Headingley, Leeds 20 June 2014 [195]
14 Moeen Ali South Africa The Oval, London 31 July 2017 [196]

Wicket-keeping records

The wicket-keeper is a specialist fielder who stands behind the stumps being guarded by the batsman on strike and is the only member of the fielding side allowed to wear gloves and leg pads.[197]

Most career dismissals

A wicket-keeper can be credited with the dismissal of a batsman in two ways, caught or stumped. A fair catch is taken when the ball is caught fully within the field of play without it bouncing after the ball has touched the striker's bat or glove holding the bat,[198][199] while a stumping occurs when the wicket-keeper puts down the wicket while the batsman is out of his ground and not attempting a run.[200]

South Africa's Mark Boucher has taken the most dismissals in Test cricket as a designated wicket-keeper with 555, followed by Adam Gilchrist of Australia on 416. England's Alan Knott, who took 269 dismissals during his 95-Test match career, is eighth on the list. He is followed by his compatriots Matt Prior and Alec Stewart in ninth and tenth with 256 and 241 dismissals respectively.[201]

Rank Dismissals Player Matches Period
1 269 Alan Knott 95 1967–1981
2 256 Matt Prior 79 2007–2014
3 241 Alec Stewart 133 1990–2003
4 219 Godfrey Evans 91 1946–1959
5 186 Jonny Bairstow dagger 70 2012–2019
Last updated: 2 January 2020[22]

Most career catches

Matt Prior in May 2010
Matt Prior sits second behind Alan Knott for the most Test dismissals and catches taken by an England wicket-keeper.[22]

Boucher also leads Gilchrist in the number of catches taken as a designated wicket-keeper in Test cricket, 532 to 379. Alan Knott, with 250 catches to his name is eighth on this list. He is again followed by Prior and Stewart in ninth and tenth with 243 and 227 catches respectively.[202]

Rank Catches Player Matches Period
1 250 Alan Knott 95 1967–1981
2 243 Matt Prior 79 2007–2014
3 227 Alec Stewart 133 1990–2003
4 173 Jonny Bairstow dagger 70 2012–2019
Godfrey Evans 91 1946–1959
Last updated: 2 January 2020[203]

Most career stumpings

Australia's Bert Oldfield holds the record for the most stumpings in Test cricket with 52. He is followed by Godfrey Evans of England with 46 to his name.[204]

Rank Stumpings Player Matches Period
1 46 Godfrey Evans 91 1946–1955
2 23 Les Ames 44 1929–1939
3 22 Dick Lilley 35 1896–1909
4 19 Alan Knott 95 1967–1981
5 15 George Duckworth 24 1924–1936
Last updated: 7 October 2019[205]

Most dismissals in an innings

Four wicket-keepers have taken seven dismissals in a single innings in a Test match—Wasim Bari of Pakistan in 1979, Englishman Bob Taylor in 1980, New Zealand's Ian Smith in 1991 and most recently West Indian gloveman Ridley Jacobs against Australia in 2000.[206]

The feat of taking 6 dismissals in an innings has been achieved by 24 wicket-keepers on 32 occasions including 7 Englishmen on 11 occasions.[207]

Rank Dismissals Player Opposition Venue Date
1 7 ♠ Bob Taylor India Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai, India 15 February 1980
2 6 John Murray India Lord's, London, England 22 June 1967
Jack Russell Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 26 December 1990
South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg, South Africa 30 November 1995
Alec Stewart Australia Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England 3 July 1997
Chris Read New Zealand Edgbaston, Birmingham, England 1 July 1999
Geraint Jones Bangladesh Riverside Ground, Chester-le-Street, England 3 June 2005
Chris Read Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 26 December 2006
Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia 2 January 2007
Matt Prior Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 26 December 2010
South Africa Lord's, London, England 16 August 2012
Jonny Bairstow dagger Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg, South Africa 14 January 2016
Last updated: 30 July 2018[208]

Most dismissals in a match

Three wicket-keepers have made 11 dismissals in a Test match, Englishman Jack Russell in 1995, South African AB de Villiers in 2013 and most recently India's Rishabh Pant against Australia in 2018.[209]

The feat of making 10 dismissals in a match has been achieved by 4 wicket-keepers on 4 occasions with Bob Taylor being the only Englishman.[210]

Rank Dismissals Player Opposition Venue Date
1 11 ♠ Jack Russell South Africa New Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg, South Africa 30 November 1995
2 10 Bob Taylor India Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai, India 15 February 1980
3 9 Jack Russell South Africa St George's Park, Port Elizabeth, South Africa 26 December 1995
Geraint Jones Bangladesh Riverside Ground, Chester-le-Street, England 3 June 2005
Jonny Bairstow South Africa New Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg, South Africa 14 January 2016
Sri Lanka Headingley, Leeds, England 19 May 2016
Last updated: 23 August 2020[211]

Most dismissals in a series

Brad Haddin holds the Test cricket record for the most dismissals taken by a wicket-keeper in a series. He took 29 catches during the 2013 Ashes series which broke the previous record held by fellow Australian Rod Marsh when he took 28 catches in the 1982–83 Ashes series. Jack Russell of England is equal third with 27 dismissals taken during the 1995–96 tour of South Africa.[212]

Rank Dismissals Player Matches Innings Series
1 27 Jack Russell 5 7 English cricket team in South Africa in 1995–96
2 24 Alan Knott 6 12 1970–71 Ashes series
3 23 Alec Stewart 5 8 South African cricket team in England in 1998
Matt Prior 5 10 2010–11 Ashes series
Alec Stewart 6 10 1997 Ashes series
Alan Knott 6 12 1974–75 Ashes series
Last updated: 30 July 2018[213]

Fielding records

Most career catches

Caught is one of the nine methods a batsman can be dismissed in cricket.[i] A fair catch is defined as a fielder catching the ball, from a legal delivery, fully within the field of play without it bouncing when the ball has touched the striker's bat or glove holding the bat.[198][199] The majority of catches are caught in the slips, located behind the batsman, next to the wicket-keeper, on the off side of the field. Most slip fielders are top order batsmen.[215][216]

India's Rahul Dravid holds the record for the most catches in Test cricket by a non-wicket-keeper with 210, followed by Mahela Jayawardene of Sri Lanka on 205 and South African Jacques Kallis with 200. Former captain Alastair Cook is the highest ranked England player in sixth, securing 175 catches in his Test career.[217]

Rank Catches Player Matches Period
1 175 Alastair Cook 161 2006–2018
2 124 Joe Root dagger 97 2012–2020
3 121 Andrew Strauss 100 2004–2012
4 120 Ian Botham 102 1977–1992
Colin Cowdrey 114 1954–1975
Last updated: 25 August 2020[12]

Most catches in a series

The 1920–21 Ashes series, in which Australia whitewashed England 5–0 for the first time,[218] saw the record set for the most catches taken by a non-wicket-keeper in a Test series. Australian all-rounder Jack Gregory took 15 catches in the series as well as 23 wickets.[219] Greg Chappell and K. L. Rahul are joint second behind Gregory with 14 catches taken during the 1974–75 Ashes series and the 2018 India tour of England respectively. The same series saw Alastair Cook become the highest placed England player in equal fourth with 13 catches taken alongside Bob Simpson, Brian Lara and Rahul Dravid.[220]

Rank Catches Player Matches Innings Series
1 13 Alastair Cook 5 10 Indian cricket team in England in 2018
2 12 Jack Ikin 3 6 South African cricket team in England in 1951
3 12 Ben Stokes 4 8 English cricket team in South Africa in 2019–20
Wally Hammond 5 9 1934 Ashes series
Len Braund 10 1901–02 Ashes series
Ian Botham 6 12 1981 Ashes series
Tony Greig 1974–75 Ashes series
Last updated: 27 January 2020[13]

Other records

Most career matches

India's Sachin Tendulkar holds the record for the most Test matches played with 200, with former captains Ricky Ponting and Steve Waugh being joint second with each having represented Australia on 168 occasions. Alastair Cook, is seventh and the most capped England Test cricketer having played 161 matches.[221]

Rank Matches Player Period
1 161 Alastair Cook 2006–2018
2 156 James Anderson dagger 2003–2020
3 143 Stuart Broad dagger 2007–2020
4 133 Alec Stewart 1990–2003
5 118 Ian Bell 2004–2015
Graham Gooch 1975–1995
Last updated: 25 August 2020[16]

Most consecutive career matches

Alastair Cook in 2006
Alastair Cook, pictured in 2006, holds the record for the most matches as English captain, the most consecutive career matches in Test cricket and the most matches played for England with 59, 159 and 161 respectively.[14][15][16]

Former English captain Alastair Cook holds the record for the most consecutive Test matches played with 159.[15] Cook equalled the previous record of 153, set by Australia's Allan Border, during the first Test of the two-match series against Pakistan in May 2018[222] and broke it by playing in the second Test of the same series.[223]

Rank Matches Player Period
1 159 ♠ Alastair Cook 2006–2018
2 77 Joe Root 2014–2020
3 65 Alan Knott 1971–1977
Ian Botham 1978–1984
5 63 Michael Atherton 1993–1998
Last updated: 27 January 2020[15]

Most matches as captain

Graeme Smith, who led the South African cricket team from 2003 to 2014, holds the record for the most matches played as captain in Test cricket with 109. Allan Border, who skippered Australia from 1984 to 1994 is second with 93 matches. England's captain from 2010 to 2016, Alastair Cook, is seventh on the list with 59 matches.[224]

Rank Matches Player Period
1 59 Alastair Cook 2010–2016
2 54 Michael Atherton 1993–2001
3 51 Michael Vaughan 2003–2008
4 50 Andrew Strauss 2006–2012
5 45 Nasser Hussain 1999–2003
Last updated: 30 July 2018[14]

Youngest players

The youngest player to play in a Test match is claimed to be Hasan Raza at the age of 14 years and 227 days. Making his debut for Pakistan against Zimbabwe on 24 October 1996, there is some doubt as to the validity of Raza's age at the time.[225] The youngest cricketer to play Test cricket for England was Brian Close who at the age of 18 years and 149 days debuted in the third Test of the series against New Zealand in July 1949.[226]

Rank Age Player Opposition[g] Venue Date
1 18 years and 149 days Brian Close New Zealand Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England 23 July 1949
2 19 years and 32 days Jack Crawford South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg, South Africa 2 January 1906
3 19 years and 83 days Denis Compton New Zealand The Oval, London, England 14 August 1937
4 19 years and 269 days Ben Hollioake Australia Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England 7 August 1997
5 19 years and 297 days Haseeb Hameed India Saurashtra Cricket Association Stadium, Rajkot, India 9 November 2016
Last updated: 30 July 2018[227]
James Southerton
James Southerton is the fifth oldest cricketer to play in a Test match and was the oldest to make his debut.[23][24]

Oldest players on debut

At 49 years and 119 days, James Southerton of England, playing in the very first Test match in March 1877, is the oldest player to make his debut in Test cricket. Second on the list is Miran Bakhsh of Pakistan who at 47 years and 284 days made his debut against India in 1955.[23]

Rank Age Player Opposition[d] Venue Date
1 49 years and 119 days James Southerton Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 15 March 1877
2 41 years and 337 days Rockley Wilson Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia 25 February 1921
3 40 years and 216 days Septimus Kinneir Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia 15 December 1911
4 40 years and 110 days Harry Lee South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg, South Africa 13 February 1931
5 39 years and 360 days Arthur Wood Australia The Oval, London, England 20 August 1938
Last updated: 30 July 2018[23]

Oldest players

Wilfred Rhodes bowling c. 1902
Wilfred Rhodes, pictured here aged 25, is the oldest cricketer to ever in play in a Test match at the age of 52.[24]

England all-rounder Wilfred Rhodes is the oldest player to appear in a Test match. Playing in the fourth Test against the West Indies in 1930 at Sabina Park, in Kingston, Jamaica, he was aged 52 years and 165 days on the final day's play. The second-oldest Test player is Bert Ironmonger who was aged 50 years and 327 days when he represented Australia for the final time in the fifth Test of the 1932–33 Ashes series at the Sydney Cricket Ground.[24]

Rank Age Player Opposition[d] Venue Date
1 52 years and 165 days Wilfred Rhodes West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston, Jamaica 3 April 1930
2 50 years and 320 days W. G. Grace Australia Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England 1 June 1899
3 50 years and 303 days George Gunn West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston, Jamaica 3 April 1930
4 49 years and 139 days James Southerton Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia 31 March 1877
5 47 years and 249 days Jack Hobbs Australia The Oval, London, England 16 August 1930
Last updated: 30 July 2018[24]

Partnership records

In cricket, two batsmen are always present at the crease batting together in a partnership. This partnership will continue until one of them is dismissed, retires or the innings comes to a close.

Highest partnerships by wicket

A wicket partnership describes the number of runs scored before each wicket falls. The first wicket partnership is between the opening batsmen and continues until the first wicket falls. The second wicket partnership then commences between the not out batsman and the number three batsman. This partnership continues until the second wicket falls. The third wicket partnership then commences between the not out batsman and the new batsman. This continues down to the tenth wicket partnership. When the tenth wicket has fallen, there is no batsman left to partner so the innings is closed.

English batsmen hold three Test wicket partnerships records, all set since 2010. Ben Stokes and Jonny Bairstow came together in the second Test of the 2015–16 series against South Africa at Newlands Cricket Ground and put together a sixth wicket partnership of 399 runs.[228][229] The recently retired Jonathan Trott and the still active Stuart Broad set the highest eighth wicket partnership of 332 runs at Lord's in August 2010 against Pakistan.[230] The final record is the tenth wicket partnership of 198 which was set by Joe Root and James Anderson. This came in the first Test against India at Trent Bridge in July 2014.[231][232]

Wicket Runs First batsman Second batsman Opposition Venue Date
1st wicket 359 Len Hutton Cyril Washbrook South Africa Ellis Park Stadium, Johannesburg, South Africa 27 December 1948
2nd wicket 382 Maurice Leyland Australia The Oval, London, England 20 August 1938
3rd wicket 370 Bill Edrich Denis Compton South Africa Lord's, London, England 21 June 1947
4th wicket 411 Peter May Colin Cowdrey West Indies Edgbaston, Birmingham, England 30 May 1957
5th wicket 359 Zak Crawley Jos Buttler Pakistan Rose Bowl, Southampton, England 21 August 2020
6th wicket 399 ♠ Ben Stokes Jonny Bairstow South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town, South Africa 2 January 2016
7th wicket 197 M. J. K. Smith Jim Parks West Indies Queen's Park Oval, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago 25 March 1960
8th wicket 332 ♠ Jonathan Trott Stuart Broad Pakistan Lord's, London, England 26 August 2010
9th wicket 163* Colin Cowdrey Alan Smith New Zealand Basin Reserve, Wellington, New Zealand 1 March 1963
10th wicket 198 ♠ Joe Root James Anderson India Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England 9 July 2014
Last updated: 22 August 2020[233]

Highest partnerships by runs

The highest Test partnership by runs for any wicket is held by the Sri Lankan pairing of Kumar Sangakkara and Mahela Jayawardene who put together a third wicket partnership of 624 runs during the first Test against South Africa in July 2006. This broke the record of 576 runs set by their compatriots Sanath Jayasuriya and Roshan Mahanama against India in 1997. New Zealand's Andrew Jones and Martin Crowe hold the third-highest Test partnership with 467 made in 1991 against Sri Lanka. The English pairing of Peter May and Colin Cowdrey together scored 411 for the fourth wicket against the West Indies in 1957 to place themselves thirteenth on the list.[234]

Wicket Runs First batsman Second batsman Opposition Venue Date
4th wicket 411 Peter May Colin Cowdrey West Indies Edgbaston, Birmingham, England 30 May 1957
6th wicket 399 Ben Stokes Jonny Bairstow South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town, South Africa 2 January 2016
2nd wicket 382 Len Hutton Maurice Leyland Australia The Oval, London, England 20 August 1938
3rd wicket 370 Bill Edrich Denis Compton South Africa Lord's, London, England 21 June 1947
2nd wicket 369 John Edrich Ken Barrington New Zealand Headingley, Leeds, England 8 July 1965
Last updated: 30 July 2018[235]

Umpiring records

Dickie Bird at Headingley in 2006
Dickie Bird stood as an umpire in 66 matches, a former Test record, and is now the third most experienced English umpire behind David Shepherd and Ian Gould.[236][237]

Most matches umpired

An umpire in cricket is a person who officiates the match according to the Laws of Cricket. Two umpires adjudicate the match on the field, whilst a third umpire has access to video replays, and a fourth umpire looks after the match balls and other duties. The records below are only for on-field umpires.

Aleem Dar of Pakistan holds the record for the most Test matches umpired with 130. The current active Dar set the record in December 2019 overtaking Steve Bucknor from the West Indies mark of 128 matches.[238] They are followed by South Africa's Rudi Koertzen who officiated in 108. The most experienced Englishman is David Shepherd who is fifth on the list with 92 Test matches umpired. Dickie Bird, who previously held the record with 66 Tests, is currently twelfth as of January 2020.[236][237]

Rank Matches Umpire Period
1 92 David Shepherd 1985–2005
2 74 Ian Gould dagger 2008–2019
3 68 Richard Kettleborough dagger 2010–2020
4 66 Dickie Bird 1973–1996
5 62 Nigel Llong dagger 2008–2020
Last updated: 17 August 2020[237]

Notes

  1. ^ For the first 50 years of Test cricket matches were played over three or four days[2] and until the 1930s some timeless Tests were played.[3]
  2. ^ In October 2017, the ICC Board approved a trial of four-day Test cricket to run through until the 2019 Cricket World Cup.[4]
  3. ^ Cite error: The named reference Afghanistan was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Prior to the establishment of the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901, there was no national flag of Australia – which for official purposes remained the Union Jack until 1954.[42]
  5. ^ The other teams to have won a Test match by a margin of 10 wickets are Pakistan (13),[55] India (8),[56] South Africa (8),[57] Sri Lanka (8),[58] and New Zealand (4).[59]
  6. ^ The other teams to have lost a Test match by a margin of 10 wickets are Bangladesh (4),[72] Sri Lanka (5),[73] Zimbabwe (7),[74] Pakistan (9),[75] Australia (10).[76] South Africa (12),[77] New Zealand (13),[78] the West Indies (16)[79] and India (17)[80]
  7. ^ a b c d Prior to the unification of the South African colonies in 1910, there was no national flag of South Africa.[85]
  8. ^ As of January 2020, two other batsmen – Australia's Marnus Labuschagne and Steve Smith – also averages over 60 in Test cricket and are still active.[116]
  9. ^ In 2017, The Laws of Cricket were amended, reducing the methods of dismissals from ten to nine, with handled the ball now covered as part of obstructing the field.[214]

References

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  2. ^ Nicholas, Mark (15 March 2017). "Where are we 140 years later?". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 29 November 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  3. ^ Williamson, Martin (22 August 2015). "The Oval grind of 1938". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 9 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  4. ^ Gollapudi, Nagraj; Samiuddin, Osman (14 October 2017). "South Africa to play Zimbabwe in inaugural four-day Test". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 22 May 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  5. ^ Williamson, Martin (18 May 2007). "International Cricket Council: A brief history ..." ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 9 August 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
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