소설 속의 항공기 - Aircraft in fiction

Grumman F-14 Tomcat 과 같은 실제 군용 항공기는 종종 소설 작품에 등장합니다.

소설 속의 항공기는 책, 영화, 장난감, TV 프로그램, 비디오 게임 및 기타 미디어를 포함하여 수십 년 동안 소설에서 중요한 등장을 한 다양한 실제 항공기를 다룹니다. 이러한 모습은 다양한 항공기 모델의 인기를 강조하고 일반 대중을위한 다양한 유형을 보여줍니다.

태생

최초의 항공 영화는 1911 년 윌리엄 J. 험프리 감독이 감독을 맡은 2 명의 릴러, 군사 항공 스카우트 , [1] 헨리 아놀드 중위 가 스턴트를하고있는 뉴욕 롱 아일랜드 에서 미국 에어로 클럽 비행 모임을 찍은 후 촬영 되었습니다 . 나는. "그의 서비스를 위해 '몇 달러'를 추가로받은 아놀드는 영화에 너무 흥분해서 배우가되기 위해 군대를 거의 그만 두었다." [2]

1 차 세계 대전과 2 차 세계 대전 사이에 새로운 매체 인 영화에서 새로운 기술인 항공기가 광범위하게 사용되었습니다. [3] 1920 년대 초 할리우드 스튜디오는 Tom MixHoot Gibson같은 단서와 함께 지금은 모호한 "공중 서부"를 수십 개 만들었습니다 . 여기에서 말의 역할은 항공기가 맡았거나 항공기를 스턴트 용 차량으로 만 사용했습니다. 관객을 자극합니다. [4] 1926 년 최초의 "적절한"항공 영화가 제작되었습니다. WingsThe Great War 에서 비행 및 전투에 등록한 두 명의 조종사의 이야기입니다 . [5] 당시 미국 전쟁 부 와의 협력으로 제작(오늘까지 계속되는 관계), 토마스-모스 MB-3보잉 PW-9 와 같은 당시의 최전선 군용 항공기를 사용 했으며 군용 조종사가 비행했습니다. [6] [7] 미래의 미 공군 장군 인 Hap ArnoldHoyt Vandenberg 는 생산에 참여한 군 장교 중 하나 였고, Arnold는 기술 컨설턴트로, Vandenberg는 조종사 중 한 명이었습니다. [8] Wings 는 1929 년 일반 출시 당시 흥행 성공을 거두었으며 제 1 회 아카데미 시상식 에서 최우수 프로덕션 상을 수상했습니다 . [9] [10]

에서 파시스트 이탈리아 1930 년대에, 항공 테마로 영화가 이끄는 한 덩어리로 만들어진 항공편을 보완하기 위해 선전 도구로 사용되었다 이탈로 발보 국내 및 해외에서 정권을 촉진합니다. [11] 그러한 영화는 전 세계 대전 시대의 가장 성공적인 이탈리아어 영화였다 Luciano Serra pilota ( Luciano Serra, Pilot )는 영화 제작의 원동력이었던 Mussolini의 아들 Vittorio 를 통해 파시스트 정부와 불가분의 관계 가있었습니다. [12] 1921 년과 이탈리아-아비시 니아 전쟁을 배경으로 한 영화, 파시스트 이전 이탈리아의 비행 상태를 1930 년대 Regia Aeronautica 및 이탈리아 항공의 일반적인 힘과 비교하는 데 사용되었습니다 . [13] 그러나, 그 시간 루치아노 세라 pilota은 1938 년에 나타났다 베니스 영화제 , 항공과 파시즘 사이의 링크는 이미 확고하게 미디어의 다양한 항공기의 대폭적인 묘사를 통해 이탈리아 사람들의 마음에 설립되었다. [12] 예를 들어, 상기의 전체 분기 있었다 미래 파 아트 운동 이라고도 항공 헌신, Aeropittura ( "Aeropainting는"). [14] 많은 Aeropittura작품은 비행기가 아닌 항공기에 전념하고 그 자체로 , 일부는 알프레도 Ambrosi의 같은 이탈리아어 항공 공격, 축하 않았다 위원장 볼로 스와 빈 ( 비엔나 이상 비행 미래주의 스타일에 묘사 된) 1 차 세계 대전 공격가브리엘 레 단 눈치 오을 ; 비엔나의 도시는 Aeropittura 의 목표에 따라 추상적 으로 표시 되지만 , 즉 비행의 역동 성과 흥분을 보여주기 위해 Ansaldo SVA 항공기는 매우 신중하고 정확하게 렌더링됩니다. [14] [15]

미국에서 영화에서 현재 군용 항공기의 사용 또는 사용 거부는 미군 자체에 의해 결정됩니다. 군대는 항공기 사용에 대한 모든 요청을 검토하여 대본을 검토하여 항공기가 미군을 긍정적으로 보여주는 영화에만 사용되는지 확인합니다. 실제 군용 항공기를 사용하는 대신 비용이 많이들 수 있기 때문에 미군 승인을받지 못한 영화는 자금을 조달하거나 제작하지 않는 경우가 많습니다. Sean McElwee, Salon.com을 위한 글쓰기"이것은 사실상의 검열에 대한 일차적 인 사례입니다 ... 정부가 장비를 스튜디오에서 사용하도록 허용하려면 사용하려는 모든 사람에게 액세스 권한을 부여해야합니다. 이것이 의미입니다. 국방부는 일부 영화가 군대의 평판과 모집 노력을 해칠 수 있다고 우려합니다. 이러한 우려는 합법적이지만 John Stuart Mill의 '아이디어 시장'이 자유 무역의 장이되도록 허용하는 것이 더 중요합니다. 다른 사람보다 일부를 선호하는 것보다. " [16]

텔레비전의 출현 이후 항공기는 전 세계의 수많은 미니 시리즈와 시리즈에 등장했습니다. 여기에는 미국 프로덕션 인 Twelve O'Clock High , Airwolf , Baa Baa Black Sheep , Sky KingWings가 포함됩니다 . 호주 시리즈 Big Sky , Chopper SquadThe Flying Doctors , 미니 시리즈 The Lancaster Miller Affair ; Airline , Piece of CakeSquadron , 캐나다 시리즈 Arctic Air 와 같은 영국 쇼 ; JETS – Leben am LimitMedicopter 117 – 독일의 Jedes Leben zählt ; 캐나다-영국-독일 공동 제작 Ritter 's Cove .

A-1 스카이 레이더

1953 년 제임스 A 미치 너의 소설 토코 - 리에서 교량 의 수 더글라스 AD-1 Skyraiders은 비행 RESCAP에 걸쳐 임무를 제압 맥도넬 F2H 밴시시코 르 스키 HO3S-1 동안 한국 전쟁 . 같은 이름 의 1954 년 영화에서도 마찬가지 지만 Banshee가 Grumman F9F Panther로 대체되었습니다. [17]

Skyraider는 제공하는 많은 항공기 중 하나로 등장했다 근접 항공 지원을 동안 아이오와 Drang 밸리 캠페인의 첫 번째 전투 에서 멜 깁슨 의 2002 필름 우리 있었 군인 , [18] [19] 논픽션 책을 기반으로 우리 한때 군인이었다… 그리고 젊음 (Ret.) 중장 Hal Moore 와 기자 Joseph L. Galloway .

A-6 침입자

1986 년 스티븐 쿤츠의 소설 침입자의 비행은 베트남 전쟁 중 하노이 에 대한 무단 폭격 공격에 Grumman A-6 침입자 를 데려가 는 두 명의 해군 비행사 에 대한 이야기 입니다. 그것은 같은 이름 의 1991 년 영화로 만들어졌다 . [20]

다음은-6는 1990 년 비디오 게임에 등장하고, 침입자의 비행 , 그리고 침입자의 비행 ' 의 1995 속편, 침입자 . [21]

A-10 Thunderbolt II

2007 트랜스포머 영화 에서 A-10의 인기로 인해 장난감 회사 는 A-10으로 변한 Wingblade 라는 마이너 캐릭터를 출시했습니다 . [22] [23]

A-10은 1989 년 비디오 게임 UN Squadron 의 플레이어가 날아갈 수있는 항공기 중 하나입니다 . [24] 이 항공기는 1989 년 비디오 게임 A-10 Tank Killer 에도 등장했습니다 . [25] 그 후, 상기에 등장했다 에이스 컴뱃 시리즈. [26]

A-10은 2005 년 영화 Jarhead 에도 등장 하여 아군 화재 사건 에서 미 해병대를 공격했습니다 . [27]

2009 년 영화 터미네이터 구원 에서는 영화 의 오프닝 시퀀스에서 John Connor이끄는 지상군을 지원하기 위해 여러 대의 A-10이 파견되었습니다 . 나중에 Marcus Wright와 Kyle Reese 가 포로가 된 기계 수송을 가로 채려고 할 때 두 대의 저항 A-10이 격추되었습니다 . [28] [29]

2013 년 영화 ' 맨 오브 스틸 '에서 슈퍼맨조드 장군 과 그의 헨치 을 죽이기 위해 콜 사인 "천둥"을 사용하는 3 대의 A-10이 스몰빌보내 졌지만 조드의 군대에 의해 공격을 받아 제트기 2 대가 파괴되었습니다. [30]

A-26 / B-26 침입자

두 대의 A-26 화재 폭격기 는 1989 년 스티븐 스필버그 영화 ' 올웨이즈 (Always)'에 눈에 띄게 등장했습니다 . [31] 특수 효과 촬영을 위해 무선 조종 모델을 사용하려는 시도는 작동하지 않는 것으로 포기되었고 대신 와이어 리그에서 "비행"한 모델이 사용되었습니다. [32]

A6M 제로

미쓰비시 A6M 제로 필름에 소개 된 최종 카운트 , [33] 진주만 , [34] [35]토라! 토라! 토라! . [36] The Zero는 1976 년 영화 Midway 에서도 묘사되었습니다 . 그러나 실제 제로는 사용되지 않았습니다. 수정 된 T-6 텍사스 는 두 Tora 에서 모두 사용되었습니다 ! 토라! 토라! 미드웨이는 A6M2 형 (21) 제로 전투기를 묘사하고, 이전의 일부 장면은 후자에서 재사용되었다. [37] [38] [39]종류 52 제로 사용 하였다 진주만. Flight Magic이 운영하는 복원 된 항공기 2 대와 Planes of Fame Air Museum 컬렉션 중 1 대가 하와이로 쳐들어가 "NX6528L이 기 어업 착륙을 할 때까지 거의 문제없이 광범위하게 비행했습니다. 다행히도 이것은 거의 끝났습니다. 촬영. NX6528L은 캘리포니아 Van Nuys 에있는 Pete Regina Aviation으로 배송되어 비행 상태로 돌아 왔습니다.이 항공기는 이제 Camarillo 공항에있는 남부 캘리포니아 공군 기념관 과 함께 있습니다 . " [40] [41]

A5M과 A6M은 모두 제로 디자이너 지로 호리 코시 의 2013 년 스튜디오 지브리 애니메이션 허구의 전기 화인 The Wind Rises에 등장 합니다. [42]

제로 파이터는 Naoki Hyakuta 의 2013 년 일본 소설 Eien No Zero ( 영원한 제로 ) 의 주요 기능입니다 . 야마자키 타카시 감독이 연출한 같은 이름 의 2013 년 영화 로 제작되었습니다 . [43]

Aérospatiale Gazelle

아에로 스파 시알 SA341G 가젤은 1982 telemovie의 역할을 치명적인 만남 주연 래리 해 그먼을 . [44]

크게 변형 된 가젤은 1983 년 John Badham 액션 영화 Blue Thunder 의 중심이되었습니다 . [45] 동일한 헬리콥터 등장 주연 동일한 이름 1984 TV 시리즈 짧은 수명이 제임스 패런 티노를 . 수정 된 Gazelle은 TV 미니 시리즈 Amerika 에서 계속 사용되었습니다 . [46]

개조 된 가젤은 1988 년 실베스터 스탤론 영화 람보 3 세 에서 경 공격 헬리콥터로 사용되었습니다 . 헬리콥터는 주인공에 의해 활과 화살을 사용하여 격추되었습니다 . [47]

Aérospatiale Puma

Modified Aérospatiale SA 330 Pumas were used to depict Mil Mi-24 helicopter gunships, in the films Red Dawn, Rambo: First Blood Part II, and Rambo III, in 1984, 1985 and 1988, respectively.[48][49][50]

AH-64 Apache

The Boeing AH-64 Apache had a major role in the 1990 action-thriller film directed by David Green, Fire Birds (or Wings of the Apache).[51]

The 1992 shooter game Desert Strike has the main character flying the AH-64 to complete various missions.[52]

Gunship is an AH-64 Apache helicopter simulation that was released by Microprose in 1986.[53] The sequel Gunship 2000 was released in 1991.[54]

An AH-64 was used in an attempt to suppress the Hulk in the 2008 film, The Incredible Hulk. Although it has the standard, nose-mounted M230 Chain Gun, it instead attacks with the unusual configuration of twin, pylon-mounted miniguns.[55]

In the 2009 film G.I. Joe: The Rise of Cobra, Apaches provide air cover for a convoy carrying nanotechnology-based weapons.[56]

Airbus A320

에어 버스 A320의 항공기는 2016 년에 등장 클린트 이스트우드 , 영화 허드슨에 기적 : 설리를 . 이 영화는 Chesley "Sully"Sullenberger 대위 US Airways Flight 1549 의 승무원이 항공기가 두 엔진을 모두 무력화시킨 기러기 ​​무리에 충돌 한 후 어떻게 뉴욕 허드슨 강 에 비상 착륙 을했는지에 대한 실화를 바탕으로합니다 . [57]

Airspeed Horsa

영국 특공대가 Airspeed Horsa 글라이더에 착륙 한 후 프랑스 캉 운하가로 지르는 페가수스 다리 로 알려진 공격 은 1962 년 전쟁 서사시 The Longest Day 에 묘사되었습니다 . 실제로 Horsa 복제품은 하나만 제작되었습니다. [58]

10 개의 모형 Airspeed Horsa 글라이더는 1977 년 영화 A Bridge Too Far를 촬영하기 위해 제작 되었지만 비행이 불가능했습니다. [59]

Albatros 전투기 (일반)

알바트 로스의 전투기는 1966 년 소설에 나타납니다 이글스의 회사에 의해 어니스트 K 갠 . 소설은 1916 년 제 1 차 세계 대전을 배경으로하고 있으며, 독일의 에이스 조종사 인 Jasta 76의 Sebastian Kupper 중위가 알바트 로스 스카우트를 조종하여 불타는 프랑스 항공기를 쫓고 자비의 행동으로 조종사를 죽입니다. 그를 서서히 타서 죽지 않도록 이 제스처는 프랑스 조종사의 동지 중 한 명인 Sgt에 의해 살인 행위로 잘못 해석됩니다. 독일 조종사를 찾아 죽이겠다고 맹세하는 Paul Chamay. [60]

아메리칸 이글 A-1

William A. Wellman 이 감독하고 Buddy RogersJean Arthur가 출연 한 1930 년 영화 Young Eagles 의 제작 에는 적어도 두 대의 American Eagle A-1 이 사용되었습니다 . 이 영화는 제 1 차 세계 대전 당시 프랑스에서 근무하는 미국 조종사를 묘사했습니다. A-1은 WW1 이후의 트레이너 였지만 영화 제작자는 전시용 항공기를 묘사하는 데 적합하다고 생각했습니다. 독수리 하나는 USAS 휘장으로 칠 해졌고 두 번째 독수리는 독일 마킹으로 칠해졌습니다. 스턴트 조종사 Dick Grace 는 두 항공기를 모두 심각한 손상을 입힌 별도의 장면에서 의도적으로 충돌 착륙시키기 위해 고용되었습니다. Grace는 두 경우 모두 부상을 피했습니다. [61]

Avro Anson

Avro Anson 은 호주의 TV 미니 시리즈 The Great Air Race 에서 MacRobertson Air Race 에서 Roscoe Turner비행 한 Boeing 247 을 나타내는 "대기" 로 사용되었습니다 .

아 브로 베어는 는 "독립의"표현하기 위해 사용 된 보잉 247 인종 57 1934 잉글랜드 - 투 - 호주에서 비행 MacRobertson 공기 인종 에 의해 로스코 터너 , 1991 년 호주 텔레비전 미니 시리즈의 위대한 에어 레이스 . [62] 터너 의해 재생 된 배리 보스 트윅 미니 시리즈이다.

Avro Ashton

6 개의 엔진을 가진 Olympus 테스트 베드 형태 Avro Ashton 은 전 BOAC 조종사 David Beaty 의 같은 이름의 소설 [63]바탕으로 Cone of Silence (1960) 에서 가상의 Phoenix 여객기 로 등장했습니다 . 이것은 Phoenix 의 이륙 문제 와 후속 사고 조사와 관련이 있습니다. 그것은 de Havilland Comet 에 대한 두 번의 이륙 사고에 근거한 것입니다 . [64]

Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow

아 브로 캐나다 CF-105 화살표는 다니엘 와이어트의 1990 소설의 저명한 등장하게 화살표의 마지막 비행 . 소설에서 전투기의 실제 파괴는 Arrows 함대를 배치하는 비밀 미국-캐나다 대륙 방공 이니셔티브의 표지입니다. 폴란드-캐나다 왕립 캐나다 공군 조종사가 러시아 상공의 고속 정찰 비행을 위해 화살 하나를 날아 소련이 북미 공습을 계획하고 있다는 증거를 찾습니다. [65]

Avro Lancaster

브로 랭 카스는 아마도 가장 잘 알려진 성공 왕립 공군 차 세계 대전의 무거운 폭격기. [66] 이처럼 폭격기 사령부 와 독일에 대한 야간 습격과 관련된 많은 소설 작품에 등장하여 유럽을 점령했습니다.

Lancasters는 Philip Leacock이 감독 하고 Dirk Bogarde 가 주연을 맡은 1952 년 영국 전쟁 영화 Appointment in London (미국에서 Raiders in the Sky 로 개봉)에 출연했습니다 . [67] 세 Lancasters 생산 -가 사용되었다 NX673 , NX679NX782 의 촬영에 사용 된 동일한 세 댐 터즈 3 년 후에. [68]

랭커스터는 1955 년 영국 영화 댐 버스 터스 후반의 중심이었다 . 빅토리아 크로스 (VC)를 수상한 윙 사령관 Guy Gibson이 지휘하는 No. 617 Squadron RAF 구성Möhne , EderSorpe 댐 의 폭격 이 포함 된 실제 작전 Chastise를 극화 한 것입니다. 독일에서 독일 군수품 공장에 물과 수력 전력 공급 을 중단했습니다 . [69] 필름은 책에 기초 댐 터즈 의해 폴 브릭 힐 Guy Gibson의 Enemy Coast Ahead . 저장고에있는 다수의 B VII Lancaster가 화면에서 사용하기 위해 B III (Special)의 원래 구성으로 수정되었습니다. [70]

Lancaster는 The Guns of Navarone (1961) 에도 출연했습니다 . [71]

Carling Black Label lager 의 1989 년 영국 광고 는 댐 버스 터스 패러디 시퀀스에서 Avro Lancaster 영상을 재사용했습니다. 댐 위에있는 독일 군인이 축구 골키퍼 처럼 랭커스터의 폭탄을 잡습니다 . 공격하는 Lancaster의 조종사는 "Carling Black Label을 마실 거에요!"라는 브랜드 슬로건을 전달합니다. 이 광고는 수년 동안 운영되었으며, The Dam BustersOperation Chastise 에 대한 다큐멘터리 방송 중 광고 중간에 자주 등장했습니다 . [72]

Len Deighton 의 1970 년 소설 Bomber독일 크레 펠트 에 대한 왕립 공군 랭커스터 의 공격에 대해 설명합니다. 그 동안 계획되지 않은 일련의 사건이 인근의 작은 마을에 카펫 폭격 으로 이어집니다 . [73]

Avro Lancaster는 1972 년에 방영 된 영국 TV 시리즈 Pathfinders 에도 출연 하여 2 차 세계 대전 당시 가상의 Pathfinder 편대 승무원의 삶에 집중했습니다. [74]

Lancasters 는 Robert Radcliffe 의 2011 년 소설 Dambuster등장 합니다. [75]

2019 년 예산 독립 영화 Lancaster Skies ( 우리의 빛나는 검 이라고도 함 )는 Lancaster 승무원의 리더를 맡은 외톨이를 중심으로합니다. [76]

Avro Vulcan

아 브로 벌컨는 영어 저자는 2008 년 항공 소설의 중심 기능입니다 데릭 로빈슨 , 제목 안부 러시아, 안녕 잉글랜드 . 제 2 차 세계 대전 당시 폭격기 사령부의 베테랑 인 실크라는 영국 영국 공군 조종사가 냉전이 한창일 때 복무했습니다. [77]

Ian Fleming의 책 은 실험적인 Villiers Vindicator를 대신 사용 했지만 1965 James Bond 영화 Thunderball 은 Avro Vulcan의 납치를 특징으로합니다 . [78]

B-1 랜서

B-1B Lancer는 1985 년 영화 " Real Genius " 의 폐막 장면에서 레이저 무기의 테스트 베드로 묘사되었습니다 . [79]

A B-1B Lancer는 2009 년 영화 Transformers : Revenge of the Fallen 의 절정 전투 장면에서 수많은 폭탄을 떨어 뜨립니다 . [80] 

B-2 정신

Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit 은 1996 년 20 세기 폭스 영화 독립 기념일 에 등장했습니다 . [81] B-2를 통해 접시에서 핵 미사일 배치 휴스턴 하지만 접시가 있기 때문에 실패 디플렉터 실드 .

B-17 플라잉 포트리스

Boeing B-17 Flying Fortresses of the 132nd Bomb Squadron , 9th Bomb Group from March Field , California, ( "Land of the Flying Fortress")는 같은 제목의 소설을 원작으로 한 1941 년 파라마운트 픽쳐스 영화 I Wanted Wings 에서 소개되었습니다. 1st Lt. Beirne Lay Jr. [17]

하워드 호크스 가 감독 한 1943 년 워너 브라더스 영화 공군 은 진주만 공격을 포함하여 2 차 세계 대전 초기를 묘사하기 위해 최소 9 개의 B-17B, C 및 D 모델 플라잉 포트리스를 사용했습니다. [82]

에서 윌리엄 와일러 의 1946 필름 우리의 삶의 최고의 년은 , B-17S는 눈에 띄게 선보입니다. 주요 남성 캐릭터는 이야기 초반에 B-17E Flying Fortress에서 크로스 컨트리를 타며, 마지막에는 캘리포니아 치노 의 폐차장에서 B-17s 및 YB-40 건쉽 버전 B- 17. [83]

B-17은 또한 그레고리 펙이 주연 한 1949 년 오스카상을 수상한 영화 '12시 ' 에서 두드러지게 등장했습니다 . 이 영화는 일광 정밀 폭격이라는 USAAF 전략에서 항공 리더십과 인명 피해에 관한 것입니다. [84] 미국 공군의 생산에 항공기와 수 있도록 촬영 대출, 필름의 생산 협력 에 글린 공군 기지 와에서 자크 육군 비행장 . [85] 필름 베테랑 스턴트 파일럿 조종 A B-17의 실제 충돌 방문, 추천 폴 만츠를 . [86]

B-17s는 1951 년 소설 The Sun is Silent by Saul Levitt에 등장 하며, B-17 승무원의 훈련부터 독일 전역의 일광 폭격 임무에 이르는 여정을 추적합니다. 저자는 전쟁 중 B-17에서 라디오 맨 / 사수로 활동했습니다. [87]

앤서니 만 감독 의 1954 년 영화 '글렌 밀러 스토리'의 경우 , 영국 공군 기지 격납고에서 벌어진 전시 공연이 1953 년 7 월 10 일 콜로라도 주 로리 공군 기지의 격납고 1 번에서 촬영되었으며 후반 제작 B - 로리의 지휘관 John G. Sprague 장군의 17G 지휘 항공기를 배경으로. 외형을 위해 전시에 올리브색 칙칙한 페인트를 입혔지만 턱 포탑은 제거되었습니다. 시대 착오적 인 B-29 엔진 카울링은 격납고 뒷벽에 늘어서 있지만, B-29는 ETO 에서 사용되지 않았습니다 . [88]

1958 년 유니버설 픽쳐스 는 삼각 영화인 The Lady Takes a Flyer를 좋아합니다 . 전쟁 잉여 항공기를 거래하는 두 명의 조종사와 관련된 여성에 대해 적어도 두 대의 B-17이 등장했습니다. [89]

풀톤 복구 시스템을 장착 한 실제 중앙 정보국 프런트 회사 인 인터 마운틴 항공이 운영하는 B-17G 는 1965 년 영화 썬더볼 이 끝날 때 바하마에있는 제임스 본드 와 그의 본드 소녀 에게 구조 장비를 떨어 뜨립니다 . 이 항공기는 실제로 CIA가 1963 년 Project COLDFEET따라 버려진 소련 얼음 기지를 확인한 북극에 요원을 삽입하고 회수하는 데 사용되었습니다 . [90]

1969 년 영화 The Thousand Plane Raid 에는 DB-17P 이전 드론 컨트롤러 두 대와 B-17F 한 대가 등장했습니다 . [91] [92]

1970 년 영화 Tora 의 촬영에 사용하기 위해 프로듀서 Elmo Williams 가 5 대의 비행 가능 B-17을 확보했습니다 ! 토라! 토라! . 촬영 중에 B-17 한 대는 랜딩 기어에 오작동을 일으켜 한 바퀴에 착지했습니다. Williams는 카메라 제작진에게 착륙을 촬영하도록 명령하고 영상을 영화의 대본에 통합했습니다. [93]

불운 한 B-17 인 "Pacific Pearl"은 1981 년 애니메이션 영화 Heavy Metal 의 한 부분을 배경으로합니다 . [94]

B-17 플라잉 포트리스는 1990 년 워너 브라더스 영화 멤피스 벨 의 주제였습니다 . [95] 촬영시, 5 빈티지 B-17S 중 하나는 우발적 인 사고로 파괴 및 엔진 카울링은 항공기의 꼬리에서 덩어리를 찢어, 비행 분리 할 때 두 번째이 손상되었습니다. 두 사건 모두 부상은 없었습니다. [96]

B-17s는 독일과 유럽을 점령 한 미국 일광 폭격 공격에서 가상의 인물을 묘사 한 두 소설, 미국 작가 Sam Helpert의 A Real Good War (1997) [97] , 영국 작가 Robert Radcliffe의 Under an English Heaven ( 2004). [98]

들어 조지 루카스 '2012 영화 붉은 꼬리 [정보 332d 전투기 그룹터스 키기 공군 사병 ,에 의해 운영하는 B-17G "핑크 레이디" 협회 Forteresse Toujours Volante A와 등장 3백51번째 폭탄 그룹 "양키"라는 항공기, ED-N 코드 . 2010 년 체코에서 촬영 된이 영화 회사의 자금 지원으로 워 버드는 박물관 자격으로 은퇴하기 전에 1 년 더 비행 할 수있었습니다. 다른 플라잉 포트리스는 CGI를 통해 렌더링되었습니다 . [99]

B-17s Garth Ennis가 쓰고 Matt Martin & Keith Burns가 삽화를 맡은 Avatar가 출판 한 2014 년 그래픽 소설 미니 시리즈 Castles in the Sky에 등장 합니다. 이 이야기는 독일에 대한 미국의 일광 폭격 공격 중 B-17 'Buffalo Gal'의 승무원 중 한 명인 Leonard Wetmore라는 포수를 특징으로합니다. 이야기는 Ennis의 War Stories 시리즈 중 하나였습니다 . [100]

B-18 볼로

Douglas B-18 Bolos뉴 멕시코 주 커틀 랜드 필드 에서 촬영 된 1943 년 RKO 사진 Bombardier 에서 두드러지게 등장합니다 . [101]

B-24 해방자

통합 B-24 해방자는 1977 Telemovie에 등장했다 젊은 조, 잊혀진 케네디 . [102]

B-24는 1944 년 20 세기 폭스 영화 윙드 빅토리 ( George Cukor) 가 감독하고 2 차 세계 대전 동안 USAF에서 승무원으로 훈련을 받고있는 생도를 묘사 한 영화에 등장합니다. USAF는 캘리포니아의 산타 아나 육군 비행장에서 촬영 된 프로덕션에 여러 B-24를 대여했습니다. [103]

소설 ' 영웅의 얼굴 ' (1950)은 1944 년 이탈리아 아풀 리아 의 공항에서 근무 하는 B-24 승무원의 이야기입니다 . 그것은 USAAF B-24의 꼬리 사수였던 저자 Louis Falstein의 실제 경험을 기반으로합니다. 이 소설은 루마니아 , 유고 슬라비아 , 이탈리아 북부, 프랑스 남부, 독일 에 대한 B-24 폭격기의 습격에 대해 자세히 설명합니다 . [104]

B-24는 Joseph Landon 의 1952 년 소설 Angle of Attack 의 핵심 기능입니다 . 이 이야기는 B-24가 적군 전투기의 공격을 받고 비엔나에서 심하게 손상을 입은 항해사 Irwin 'Win'Hellman에 관한 것입니다. B-24의 조종사는 항복을 원한다고 적군 비행사에게 신호를 보내지 만 유대인이며 공포에 휩싸인 헬맨은 여전히 ​​탈출 할 수 있다고 믿으며 다른 승무원의 지원을 받아 지휘권을 잡습니다. [105]

B-24는 또한 1957 년 David Camerer의 소설 The Damned Wear Wings등장합니다. 작품은 루마니아 Ploesti에있는 정유 공장을 폭파하는 임무를 맡은 이탈리아에 기반을 둔 473rd Bomb Group의 B-24를 묘사 한 작품입니다. [106]

" Lady Be Good " 의 이야기는 1970 년 TV 영화 Sole Survivor에 영감을주었습니다 . 북미 B-25 Mitchell 이 B-24D 역할을 맡았습니다. [107]

젊은 성인 소설 Under a War-Torn Sky 에서 주인공 Henry Forester 는 왕립 공군에서 근무하는 미국 B-24 해방기 Out of the Blue를 부 조종 합니다. [108]

B-24는 1979 년 David Beaty의 소설 The White Sea Bird등장합니다. 영국 공군 폭격기 부대의 사령관은 노르웨이 피요르드의 비밀 기지에 숨어있는 독일 수면 침입자를 사냥하고 바다에서 연합군 호송대를 위협하는 데 집착하게됩니다. [109]

B-25 미첼

북미 B-25 미첼이 영화에서 기능 역할을했다 30 초 도쿄 이상 (1944) (파일럿 테드 로손 의의 계정 둘 리틀 공습은 [110] ), 하노버 스트리트 가상의 B-25 단위에 따라 (1979) 주둔 영국에서 [110]Forever Young (1992)은 과거와 현재의 B-25 시험 조종사의 이야기를 따랐다. [111]

B-25는 Otto Preminger 가 감독 하고 John WayneKirk Douglas 가 주연 한 1965 년 2 차 세계 대전 영화 In Harm 's Way에 등장합니다 . [112]

1970 년 텔레 무비 인 The Sole Survivor 는 "Lady Be Good"을 느슨하게 기반으로했으며 Liberator 역할에서 B-25를 선보였습니다. 1970 년 1 월 9 일에 처음 방영되었습니다. [113]

B-25는 1970 년 마이크 니콜스의 영화 Catch-22에 등장하는데, B-25는 17 대의 영화 유닛 이 비행 상태에 있습니다. [114] 등이 영국의 전투 ' 의 부활과 독일의 궁극적 인 보존과 영국 항공 전투는 캐치-22 공군은 초기의 핵 형성 도움이 warbirds의 움직임을. 영화에 사용 된 18 개의 폭격기 중 15 개는 스미소니언 연구소국립 항공 우주 박물관 에 전시 된 것을 포함하여 그대로 남아 있습니다 . [115]

B-25는 1976 년 Martin Caidin의 소설 Whip등장 합니다. 호주에 기반을 둔 B-25 부대를 묘사하고 'Whip'Russell 대위가 지휘하며 과달카날과 라바울에 지원군을 운반하는 일본 호송대에 대한 저수준 폭격 임무에 사용됩니다. 1942 년. [116] [117]

B-25는 2001 년 영화 진주만 후반의 초점 이었지만 비평가들은 폭격기와 그 역할이 부정확하게 묘사되고 있다고 불평했다. [118]

B-25는 2011 년 영화 Sucker Punch에 사용되었습니다 . [119]

B-25 George Clooney 가 감독 한 2019 Hulu 미니 시리즈 Catch-22에 등장 합니다. [120] 개의 빈티지 B-25S를 생산 하였다 [121] 등의 B-25S는 CGI 재 작성 하였다. [122]

B-29 슈퍼 포트리스

보잉 B-29 슈퍼 포트리스는 여러 헐리우드 영화 특히 중요한 역할을 놀라 게이 첫 번째 원자 폭탄을 떨어졌다. Enola Gay는 Above and Beyond and The Beginning or the End 에서 묘사되었습니다 . [123]

B-29는 일본 뇨카 공군 기지에있는 B-29 부대를 묘사하고 한국에 대한 폭격 임무를 맡은 Mackinlay Kantor 의 1951 년 소설 Do n't Touch Me등장합니다. [124]

509th Composite Group 의 원자 임무 준비에 대한 할리우드의 첫 번째 이야기는 1953 년 MGM 에서 발표 한 Above and Beyond 였으며 Robert Taylor는 Col. Paul Tibbetts를 , Jim BackusCurtis LeMay 장군으로 연기했습니다 . Davis-Monthan 공군 기지 에서 촬영 . [125]

B-29는 1954 년 냉전 드라마 Hell and High Water 에서 Samuel Fuller 가 감독 하고 Richard Widmark 가 주연을 맡았습니다 . 이 영화의 음모는 중국이 포획 한 B-29를 사용하여 한국에 핵 폭격을 가한 다음 미국이 책임을지게하는 계획과 관련이 있습니다. [126]

B-29s는 1945 년 동안 일본을 폭격 한 B-29 승무원을 묘사 한 Ward Taylor 의 1956 년 소설 Roll Back the Sky 에 등장합니다. [127]

B-29는 또한 1980 년 디즈니 영화 The Last Flight of Noah 's Ark 에서 역할을했습니다 . [128]

영화 제작자들은 또한 영화 The Right Stuff 에서 1983 년에 여전히 비행중인 유일한 B-29 를 사용하여 최초의 초음속 비행을위한 Bell X-1의 출시를 재현했습니다. [129]

B-36 피스 메이커

다트 B-36는 파라마운트의 1955 영화에서 눈에 띄게 기능을 갖춘 전략 공군 사령부 주연 제임스 스튜어트 의 세계 대전 폭격기 조종사와 멤버 재생, 공군 준비를 하고 북극 땅을 충돌 강제됩니다. 이 영화는 B-36S의 많은 좋은 공중 샷을 갖추고 있으며, 주로에서 촬영되었다 Carswell AFB , 텍사스, 그리고 MacDill AFB 에서 탬파, 플로리다 , 그리고 알 랭 필드 근처에 플로리다 주 세인트 피터스 버그. 특히 어려운 장면 중 하나는 스튜어트의 캐릭터 인 야구 선수가 알 랑 필드의 야구장에 서있는 반면 B-36이 머리 위로 날아가 그에게 그림자를 드리 우는 장면이었는데, 이는 그의 임박한 서비스에 대한 회상을 예고했습니다. [130]

B-47 Stratojet

보잉 B-47 스 트래 토젯는 파라마운트의 1955 영화에서 보조 역할 얻는 전략 공군 사령부를 그가하는 데 사용되는 기존의 다트 B-36와 같은 아무것도 새로운 제트로, 제임스 스튜어트 주연. [131] 필름은 B-47 및 B-36 모두 좋은 에어리얼 영상을 특징으로한다. B-47 장면의 대부분은 306th Bombardment Wing의 항공기를 사용하여 플로리다의 MacDill 공군 기지 에서 촬영되었습니다 . [132]

B-47s에 토출 시트 테스트 수행 글린 AFB 의 일부로 1953 1954 년, 플로리다 aeromedical 1955 재현 한 연구 20 세기 폭스 필름 공간의 임계 값 주연 가이 매디슨을 , [133] [134] 및하여 1957 Pine-Thomas Productions 드라마 Bailout at 43,000 . [135]

1957 년 워너 브라더스 멜로 드라마 영화 Bombers B-52캐슬 공군 기지 (Castle Air Force Base )에 대해 자랑스럽게 슬로건 "B-47의 고향"과 Stratojet에서 새로운 B-52 로의 전환을 자랑합니다. [136] [137] [138]

B-52 Stratofortress

1963 년 영화 A Gathering of Eagles 는 냉전이 한창일 때 B-52 윙 사령관의 스트레스에 초점을 맞추고 있습니다. 재난으로 거의 끝나는 복잡한 기내 급유 작업을 포함하여 B-52의 뛰어난 영상 . [139]

B-52는 또한 Stanley Kubrick 의 1964 년 블랙 코미디 영화 Dr. Strangelove 또는 How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb 의 핵심 부분이었습니다 . [140]

A B-52는 1983 년 소설의 초점이었다 삼위 일체의 자녀 로, 윌리엄 프로 치노 , 그리고 1990 telemovie 적응, 새벽의 초기 빛으로 . [141]

벨 47

1950 년대 신디케이트 된 미국 TV 시리즈 WhirlybirdsDesilu Studios 에서 제작했으며 Bell 47 헬리콥터 한 쌍이 출연했습니다 . Whirlybirds 와의 관계 는 헬리콥터와 특히 Bell 47을 홍보하는 데 계속해서 사용되고 있습니다. [142] 벨 (47)는 또한 호주 TV 시리즈의 '스타'중 하나였다 스키 피 부시 캥거루 . [143]

페데리코 펠리니 (Federico Fellini )의 1960 년 코미디 드라마 영화 ' 라 돌체 비타 벨 47 ( La Dolce Vita a Bell 47) '의 오프닝 장면 에서 로마 도시를 가로 질러 그리스도의 동상을 운반합니다. 두 번째 벨 47은 기자 마르첼로 루비니 ( 마르셀로 마스 트로이 아니 )와 그의 조수 파파 라조를 포함한다. [144]

1965 년 James Bond 영화 Thunderball 에서 수레가 장착 된 Bell 47J가 사용되었습니다 . 본드 가 실종 된 Avro Vulcan 폭격기를 찾는 동안 헬리콥터는 물에 착륙합니다 . [145]

Bell 47G3B-1은 1966 년 배트맨 영화 에서 " 배트 콥터 " 로 사용되었습니다 . 이 기체는 이전에 Lassie Come Home 에 등장했습니다 . [146]

Bell 47은 1968 년 액션 영화 Where Eagles Dare 에서 독일 헬리콥터로 추정되는 모습을 묘사했습니다 . 실험적인 독일 헬리콥터 유형이이 기간에 존재했지만 Focke-Achgelis Fa 223 은 제한된 기준으로 만 사용되는 더 큰 트윈 로터 기계였습니다. [147] [148]

군사 구성에서 H-13 Sioux 로 구성된 Bell 47 은 1970 년 영화 M * A * S * H , [149] 및 1972–1983 M * A * S * H TV 시리즈의 중심이었습니다 . 그것.

1979 년 Norman Jewison의 영화 ... And Justice For All 에서 주인공 은 연료가 떨어지면 볼티모어이너 하버에 버려지는 Bell 47G-2를 타고갑니다 . [150]

벨 206

Chopper Squad시드니에서 구조 작업에 사용 Bell 206 JetRanger 에 관한 1970 년대 호주 TV 시리즈였습니다. 사용 된 헬리콥터는 Westpac Life Saver Rescue Helicopter Service 에서 운영하는 실제 구조 헬리콥터였습니다. [143]

Bell 206B는 1971 년 James Bond 영화 Diamonds Are Forever 의 절정 장면에서 Ernst Stavro Blofeld 의 석유 굴착 장치 제어 센터를 공격하는 헬리콥터 중 하나였습니다 . [151] 제트 레인저는 1977 년 본드 영화 '나를 사랑한 스파이' 에도 출연했다. [152]

1983 년 영화 Blue Thunder 에서 Jet Ranger는 Astro 부서를 위해 비행 하는 LAPD 헬리콥터 로 묘사됩니다 . [46] 1991 년 영화 터미네이터 2 : 심판의 날 에도 T-1000 터미네이터 가 훔쳐 고속도로 아래로 날아가서 존 코너 , 사라 코너 , T-800 터미네이터가 그들을 보호하는 다른 LAPD 헬리콥터로 등장 합니다. [153]

벨 222

A Bell 222 A는 Jan-Michael VincentErnest Borgnine 이 출연 한 TV 영화 Airwolf 에 등장했습니다 . 그해에 영화는 1984 년부터 1986 년까지 방영 된 TV 시리즈 로 만들어졌다 . [154]

벨 AH-1 코브라

1990 년 영화에서 화재 조류 하는 벨 AH-1 코브라미국 육군은 이 약물 러너의 전갈 헬기에 의해 습격 a로 묘사 될 때, 오프닝 순서로 나온다 맥도넬 더글러스 MD (500) 수비수 . [51]

한 쌍의 AH-1이 Simon West 의 1997 년 영화 Con Air에 등장 합니다. 헬리콥터는 납치 된 Justice Prisoner and Alien Transportation System (JPATS) 항공기를 무너 뜨리는 데 사용됩니다. [155]

에서 JJ 에이 브람스 2006 영화 미션 임파서블 III불가능한 임무 부대 (IMF) 팀를 사용하여 A 종 (204)는 자신의 팀 구성원 중 하나를 구출 한 후 탈출. 그들은 이는 통해 추구를 AH-1 코브라, 회피해야한다 바람 농장을 발사, 열 추구하는 로켓을 그들. [156]

벨 UH-1 이로쿼이

UH-1 이로쿼이 (일반적으로 불리는 휴이가 )이 중 가장 일반적인 헬리콥터이었다 베트남 전쟁 항공기 필드에서 삽입 및 제거 병력을 사용, 의료 치료와 건쉽 등 교통 사고. [157] 따라서, 그것은 전쟁에 관한 소설의 많은 작품에 출연했다.

UH-1은 1968 년 영화 The Green Berets 의 중요한 부분이었습니다 . 제작사는 재료비 18,623.64 달러, UH-1 헬리콥터의 비행 시간 85 시간, 정규 업무에서 벗어난 군인에게는 3,800 명의 인력을 지불했습니다. [158]

Two UH-1H Hueys make up part of the attack package on Ernst Stavro Blofeld's oil rig command center at the climax of the 1971 James Bond film Diamonds Are Forever.[151]

The UH-1 was in Francis Ford Coppola's 1979 film Apocalypse Now. Several Hueys were rented from the Philippine Air Force.[159] The distinct and iconic sound of the helicopters was featured prominently in the film's sound design of the soundtrack.[160]

UH-1s were prominently featured in Oliver Stone's 1986 film Platoon.[159]

The 1990 film Air America, about the CIA's proprietary airline during the war in Southeast Asia, featured the ubiquitous Huey helicopter.[125]

A Bell 205 is used as a mountain rescue helicopter in the 1993 film Cliffhanger. The aircraft is used to locate a missing jet and then employed to find stolen money. Towards the film's end the helicopter is dangling upside down against a cliff, where the hero (Sylvester Stallone) and villain (John Lithgow) brawl on the belly of the aircraft.[161]

In the 1997 disaster film Dante's Peak, a UH-1 transports a group of scientists into the crater of a volcano, and is ultimately destroyed in an ensuing eruption.[151]

The UH-1 is a central part of the 2002 Vietnam war film We Were Soldiers. The helicopter is shown ferrying troops into the Ia Drang valley as part of the then-new concept of air cavalry. The film particularly focused on the flights of Major Bruce Crandall, who was later awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions while piloting his UH-1 during the battle depicted in the film.[162][163] Four of the UH-1s used were provided by the Georgia Army National Guard.[164]

The slaying of Israeli athletes by Black September terrorists and the destruction of a Bundesgrenzschutz Bell/Dornier UH-1D[165] during the 1972 Summer Olympics was depicted in the 2005 Steven Spielberg film Munich.[166]

UH-1 helicopters are seen as the primary transport aircraft in the 2017 film Kong: Skull Island, and are attacked by Kong after launching seismic bombs in an attempt to map the Island's caves.[167]

Bell X-1

The Bell X-1 was depicted early in the film The Right Stuff. The film showed the historic flight of the X-1 becoming the first aircraft to break the sound barrier in level flight under its own propulsion. This achievement helped usher in the US space program that was the subject of the rest of the film.[168] A mock-up built for the film is now displayed at the Planes of Fame Museum, Chino, California.[169]

Bell X-2

A Bell X-2 mock-up was built for the pilot-film of the TV series Quantum Leap. It is now on display at the Planes of Fame Museum, Chino, California.[169]

Boeing 247

Boeing 247D, registry number NR257Y, c/n 1953, "Warner Bros. Comet", race number 5, United Airlines NC13369, leased by Roscoe Turner and fitted with extra fuel tanks.[170] The Boeing 247D flown by Turner and Clyde Edward Pangborn in the 1934 MacRobertson Trophy Air Race, was portrayed by an Avro Anson, VH-BAF, in the 1991 Australian mini-series The Great Air Race,[171] also known as Half a World Away.[172]

The 1936 movie Without Orders centers on the emergency landing of a Boeing 247 by the stewardess.[173]

The 1936 movie 13 Hours by Air takes place largely aboard a transcontinental Boeing 247 flight and includes significant historically interesting second-unit footage of actual terminal facilities on United Air Lines's then-new transcontinental route network.[173]

Boeing 707

The 1961 episode "The Odyssey of Flight 33" of television series The Twilight Zone takes place on a Boeing 707 with the aircraft traveling through various periods of history.[174]

A Boeing 707-349C leased from Flying Tiger Line portrayed two aircraft in the 1970 film Airport, based on the 1968 Arthur Hailey novel of the same name.[175]

The Boeing 707 is featured as the titular aircraft in Airplane!, a 1980 disaster-parody film by Jon Davison.[176]

In 2011, the American television series Pan Am took place in the early and mid-1960s and featured interior sets and exterior CGI representations of the 707 on the ground and in flight; it was Pan Am's flagship airliner during that time. Additional footage of John Travolta's Boeing 707 in Pan Am livery has also been used in the TV series.[177]

Boeing 720

A former United Airlines Boeing 720B stood in for a Boeing VC-137C,[178] Air Force One, serialled 62-6001, in the 1971 ABC Entertainment Group telemovie The President's Plane Is Missing,[179] based on the 1967 novel of the same title by Robert J. Serling, in which the SAM flight carrying the US president crashes in a storm in Arizona.

Boeing 727

Industrial Light and Magic constructed a large-scale model of a Boeing 727 of fibreglass and aluminum for use in the 1990 action film Die Hard 2.[180]

The 1996 film Eraser includes an elaborate action sequence involving a parachute jump from a crippled Boeing 727.[181]

The 1998 film U.S. Marshals depicts the crash of a 727 from the Justice Prisoner and Alien Transportation System (JPATS).[182]

Boeing 737

In the 2008 TV series Breaking Bad, the mid-air crash between two Boeing 737 over Albuquerque, referred as the Wayfarer 515 disaster, takes an important part in the plot. Because of it, this model is featured and mentioned several times during the second season. Also, the episode "Seven Thirty-Seven" is named for the aircraft; and is the first of several episode titles that foreshadow the Wayfarer 515 disaster. When placed together, they read "Seven Thirty-Seven Down Over ABQ".[183][184]

Boeing 747

Boeing VC-25 Air Force One

A redressed Boeing 747 of American Airlines was featured extensively in the 1974 film Airport 1975,[185] and the sequel Airport 77.[186]

A Boeing 747 is the aircraft flown by passengers in the 1975 made for telemovie Murder on Flight 502.[187]

A Moonraker Space Shuttle is stolen in mid-air from the back of a Boeing 747 at the start of the 1979 James Bond film Moonraker.[188]

A Boeing 747 featured in the 1981 Australian film The Survivor, a supernatural horror film directed by David Hemmings about an airline pilot (played by Robert Powell) who mysteriously survives a 747 crash that wipes out all of the other occupants. The film was based on the novel by English author James Herbert.[189]

In the 1990 action film Die Hard 2, a 747 that has been hijacked by terrorists is destroyed by John McClane. Three 23-foot models were fabricated by Industrial Light and Magic with one destroyed during filming done at a remote airstrip in the Mojave Desert of California. The effects were matched to a real 747 filmed taxiing at Alpena, Michigan. The cost of the special effects pushed the film's production costs towards the then-record of $70 million.[190]

The Boeing 747 was featured in the 1996 film Executive Decision as the location of a terrorist hijacking.[191]

A 747-212B, rented from Kalitta Air, was the title subject of the 1997 film Air Force One, portraying the real 747-200-based VC-25 that transports the US president.[192][193]

The 747 was also prominent in the novel and the 2002 film The Sum of All Fears as the National Airborne Operations Center during a nuclear showdown with Russia.[194]

A 747 in-flight is also the setting for the 2006 horror-thriller film Snakes on a Plane in which a large number of venomous snakes wriggle loose on the large jet.[195][196][197]

An All Nippon Airways Boeing 747-400 was featured in the 2008 Japanese movie Happy Flight.[198]

Boeing 757

United Airlines Boeing 757

A Boeing 757 is the setting of the 2006 film United 93, that is based on the events on board United Airlines Flight 93 which was hijacked during the September 11 attacks in 2001.[199]

Boeing 767

An Air New Zealand Boeing 767-200 was featured in the 1993 TV movie Mercy Mission: the Rescue of Flight 771, whereby its crew lead a lost Cessna 188 to a safe landing place. The movie is based on the Cessna 188 Pacific rescue that took place in 1978. The plane in the actual rescue was a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 and the Boeing 767 was not introduced into the Air New Zealand fleet until 1985.[200]

The Boeing 767 is the setting of the 2014 action film Non-Stop in which a killer onboard is executing passengers and crew.[201]

Boeing 777

A modified Boeing 777 was used as the United States Air Force mothership for an experimental NASA spaceplane in the 2006 film Superman Returns.[202]

Boeing-Stearman Model 75

In 1950, Paul Mantz tore the wings off a Boeing PT-13D (Model 75) Stearman by flying between two oaks for the 1950 film When Willie Comes Marching Home.[203] A crop-dusting Stearman, N6340, was featured early in the 1963 Elvis Presley film It Happened at the World's Fair.[204]

A Boeing Stearman appears in the climactic scene of the Disney Sci-Fi film The Cat from Outer Space (1978). The scene involves a mid-air transfer of characters between the Stearman and a Gazelle helicopter. The Stearman is a wreck but is flown by the powers of the magic necklace belonging to the cat Jake.[205]

More recently, Model 75s have appeared in a number of films including Independence Day (1996), The English Patient (1997),[206] and Pearl Harbor (2001).[207]

Bristol Beaufighter

Graphic novelist Garth Ennis' 2007 revival of the old British war comic hero Battler Britton: Bloody Good Show, featured the ace fighter pilot commanding a squadron of Bristol Beaufighters in North Africa during the Second World War.[208]

Bristol Blenheim

Bristol Blenheims appear in the 1945 British film The Way to the Stars (released in the US as Johnny in the Clouds). In the early part of the film, Pilot Officer Peter Penrose (John Mills), a '15-hour sprog' (rookie) arrives at Halfpenny Field, a Royal Air-Force aerodrome, in the summer of 1940 and joins B-Flight of No 72 Squadron, equipped with Blenheims and commanded by Flight-Lieutenant David Archdale (Michael Redgrave).[209]

A Bristol Blenheim IV, restored from a Bolingbroke IVT, appeared in the 1995 film Richard III, an adaptation of Shakespeare's play directed by and starring Ian McKellen; who set the play in an imaginary 1930s England ruled by a fascist-style Monarch.[210]

Bristol Britannia

A Bristol Type 175 Britannia airliner was the central feature of the 1959 film Jet Over the Atlantic (also released as High Over the Atlantic), a drama directed by Byron Haskin and starring Guy Madison and Virginia Mayo. The film's plot is about an airliner en route from Spain to the United States. Among the passengers is an American who has been arrested for murder and is being extradited back to the US. Another passenger, rendered mentally unstable by the loss of his daughter, releases a toxic gas on board the aircraft, rendering the flight crew unconscious, leaving the prisoner as the only person capable of flying the aircraft. Despite the film's title, the Bristol Type 175 was a turbo-prop engined aircraft rather than a jet-powered plane.[211]

Bristol F2B

In the long-running British First World War comic strip Charley's War, published in Battle Picture Weekly 1979–1986 and written by Pat Mills and illustrated by Joe Colquhoun, the storyline goes on a tangent when Charley Bourne's younger brother Wilf enlists under-age and becomes an observer/gunner in a Bristol F2B squadron in France in early 1918.[212][213]

A replica Bristol F2B mounted on skis was featured in the 1981 film Death Hunt which starred Charles Bronson and Lee Marvin. The replica, which was constructed in the US and had an inverted Ford Ranger engine instead of a Rolls-Royce, was originally commissioned in 1979 to appear in the film High Road to China (1983), but was not used in that production.[214]

The fictional RFC unit featured in Derek Robinson's 1999 novel Hornet's Sting, set in 1917 over the Western Front, exchange their outdated Sopwith Pups for the new Bristol F2Bs.[215]

Bristol Tourer

A flying replica of a Bristol Tourer, a civil utility biplane developed from the Bristol F2B, appeared in the 1985 Australian TV mini-series A Thousand Skies, a dramatisation of the career of famous Australian aviator Charles Kingsford-Smith.[216]

Bristol Type 170 Freighter

A Bristol Type 170 Freighter Mk. 11A played a major role in the 1957 British film The Man in the Sky directed by Charles Crichton and starring Jack Hawkins who played a test pilot. A major sequence of the film features Hawkins testing a Bristol Type 170 when one of the engines catches fire and he has to stay aloft long enough to use up enough fuel to make an emergency landing with one engine and one wheel. The film was distributed in the US under the title Decision Against Time. The Bristol Freighter that starred in the film was damaged in a crash during filming. After repairs it returned to service with Silver City Airways until it was retired and scrapped in 1962.[217]

Britten-Norman BN-2 Islander

A BN-2 Islander features in the 2015 James Bond film Spectre. Bond pilots the plane through the Austrian Alps to rescue Madeleine Swann from Spectre gang members.[218]

Bücker Bü 181

In the 1963 epic film The Great Escape, the prisoners of war played by James Garner and Donald Pleasence steal a Luftwaffe Bücker Bü 181,[219] a plot invention for the movie. In the actual escape from Stalag Luft III, no aircraft were involved. Pleasence, an aircraft wireless operator with No. 166 Squadron, however, was imprisoned in Stalag Luft I after his Lancaster was shot down over Germany on 31 August 1944.[220]

C-2 Greyhound

A Grumman C-2A Greyhound appears in the 2003 film Tears of the Sun. A SEAL team performs a parachute jump from it to begin a mission in Nigeria.[221]

C-47 Skytrain / C-53 Skytrooper / Dakota

See also #Douglas DC-3 section for the civilian aircraft on which the Dakota was based

A ski-equipped Douglas C-47 Skytrain is featured in Howard Hawks' 1951 science-fiction thriller, The Thing From Another World, based on the 1938 novella Who Goes There? by John W. Campbell, Jr.[222]

In the 1955 British film The Night My Number Came Up directed by Leslie Norman and starring Michael Redgrave and Denholm Elliott, a man tells guests at a dinner party of a dream he had of a Tokyo-bound Dakota that crashes in the Japanese mountains. Some of the guests board such a flight the next day and they begin to fear the dream is coming true.[223]

Eleven aircraft were gathered for airdrop scenes in the 1977 film A Bridge Too Far, all of which had to be of a paratroop configuration, representing the C-53 Skytrooper variant.[59]

A Douglas C-47 DL Skytrain featured in the climatic scenes of the 1982 film The Wild Geese which starred Richard Burton and Roger Moore as the leaders of a group of British mercenaries sent to rescue a deposed African leader. The C-47 used in the film belonged to United Air of South Africa and was nick-named 'The Wild Goose' after its film role. The aircraft was destroyed in a crash in South Africa in 1988 which claimed the lives of all 24 people on board.[224]

C-54 Skymaster

The 20th Century Fox production The Big Lift (originally titled Quartered City), set during the Berlin Airlift, was filmed in Berlin at a former German studio near Tempelhof in 1949 and Douglas C-54 Skymasters were prominently featured. Military personnel from Rhein-Main Air Base appeared as extras.[225]

C-74 Globemaster

A Douglas C-74 Globemaster appeared in the 1969 Michael Caine film The Italian Job.[226]

C-82 Packet

The crash of a Fairchild C-82 Packet in the North African desert is central to the plot of the 1965 film The Flight of the Phoenix drawn from a 1964 novel by Elleston Trevor of the same title.[227]

C-119 Flying Boxcar

The Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar was the subject of the 2004 remake of Flight of the Phoenix, using the descendant design of the C-82 Packet of the original.[228]

C-121 Constellation

Lockheed C-121A Constellation tail number 48-615 was used in the 1977 film MacArthur, starring Gregory Peck, painted in Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP) markings.[229]

C-123 Provider

In the 1990 action film Die Hard 2, John McClane ejects from the cockpit of a grounded Fairchild C-123 Provider for a parachute recovery just before terrorists destroy it. A full-scale fuselage mock-up, molded from a real Provider, was rigged with 3,000 bullet hits, each one drilled and loaded with a charge, tapped, and wired to discharge in sequence. Actual pyrotechnics work was done at Indian Dunes, California, with actor Bruce Willis' ejection composited into the shot later.[230]

The 1990 film Air America loosely recounted the exploits of the Central Intelligence Agency proprietary airline in Southeast Asia in the 1960s and early 1970s and featured Fairchild C-123K Providers leased from the Royal Thai Air Force.[125]

The C-123 was featured in the 1997 film Con Air, with much of the film's action taking place in and around the aircraft.[231] Three C-123s were used in the production of the film. One aircraft was used for all of the flying sequences. Another was used for the taxiing scenes and the third Provider, non-airworthy and in poor condition, was dismantled and its fuselage used for the filming of the climatic crash scene.[232]

C-130 Hercules

The 1976 film Raid on Entebbe was based on a real-life Israeli military rescue mission which relied on the unique short-field capabilities of the C-130.[233]

In the place of a Soviet transport plane, a Lockheed C-130 Hercules (or Lockheed L-100 Hercules civilian model in military markings) was featured in the 1987 James Bond film The Living Daylights; a C-123K Provider was used for some tail ramp fight scene close-ups.[234]

The special operations variant, the Lockheed MC-130 Combat Talon, was featured as the rescue aircraft in the 1997 film Air Force One, performing a daring mid-air rescue of the President and his family as Air Force One is failing and going into the water.[192]

In the 2007 film Transformers a close air support variant of the C-130, the AC-130 gunship, is used to drive off the Decepticons after the military base in Qatar is attacked, by executing a pylon turn to deliver ground fire.[235]

In the 2007 game Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare, the player uses an AC-130H for support. The AC-130H is also playable during the mission "Death from Above" and during online multiplayer.[236]

In the 2013 film Olympus Has Fallen, a C-130 armed with multi-barrel cannons attacks Washington, D.C. and shoots down two USAF F-22 Raptor fighters sent to intercept it. The C-130 is shot down by another F-22 and crashes into the Washington Monument, causing part of it to collapse.[237]

In the 2013 film Lone Survivor, an AC-130 variant provides firepower as Luttrell is extracted from the village towards the end of the film.[238]

CAC Wirraway

A restored Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation Wirraway, an Australian production variant of the North American NA-16 Harvard, appeared in the beach landing scenes in the 1998 war film The Thin Red Line directed by Terence Malick and based on the 1962 James Jones novel of the same name. In the film, the aircraft is painted to depict a Douglas SBD Dauntless dive-bomber.[239]

Capelis XC-12

The Capelis XC-12, an unsuccessful 1933 transport design, appears in the 1939 film Five Came Back, as a bomber in the 1942 Republic film Flying Tigers[240] and the 1943 film Immortal Sergeant.

Caproni Ca.60

The Caproni Ca.60 Noviplano, a nine-wing flying boat of which only a single prototype was constructed and which crashed on its first test flight in 1921, features in the 2013 Japanese animated feature The Wind Rises, a romantic dramatization of the life of Japanese aircraft designer Jiro Horikoshi. In the film, the Italian aeronautical designer Giovanni Caproni appears as a mentor to Horikoshi in several dream sequences, one of which features a tour of the Ca.60.[42]

CASA 2.111

Several ex-Spanish Air Force CASA 2.111s were used as "stand-ins" to depict German Heinkel He 111 bombers in the 1969 film Battle of Britain.[241]

Four ex-Spanish CASA 2.111s, playing the role of Luftwaffe Heinkel He 111s, were also used in the production of the 1970 Oscar-winning film Patton, starring George C. Scott.[242]

Caudron 277

A Caudron 277 was used to play the role of both British and German two-seaters in the 1966 First World War aerial epic The Blue Max directed by John Guillermin and based on the 1964 novel of the same name by Jack D. Hunter.[243]

Cessna 402

A Cessna 402, operated by the fictional small airline Sandpiper Air at Tom Nevers Field airport, Nantucket, was featured in the NBC-TV sitcom Wings which ran for eight seasons, 1990–1997.[244]

CG-4 Haig / Hadrian

Crashed WACO CG-4A gliders of the 99th Troop Carrier Squadron were depicted by replicas in the film Saving Private Ryan. These were recreated using measurements taken from a surviving example at the Museum of Army Flying, Middle Wallop, Hampshire, England.[245]

CH-34 Choctaw / Westland Wessex

A surplus US Army Sikorsky S-58DT (a converted UH-34D) was prominently featured as Screaming Mimi in the 1984–86 television series Riptide, and remains in service.[246][247]

Westland Wessex helicopters portrayed CH-34 Choctaws in Stanley Kubrick's 1987 film Full Metal Jacket.[248]

Turbine-repowered Sikorsky S-58Ts portrayed CH-34 Choctaws in the 1990 film Air America about the exploits of the Central Intelligence Agency proprietary airline during the war in Southeast Asia.[125]

CH-46 Sea Knight / Boeing-Vertol 107

In the 1967 James Bond film You Only Live Twice a KV-107 has an electromagnet slung loaded underneath, and is used to airlift an antagonist's car off the road, thereby freeing up 007 from their pursuit.[249]

A Kawasaki-built KV-107 portrays a UH-46 Sea Knight of the United States Navy that airlifts a team of hijackers aboard the USS Missouri in the 1992 film Under Siege, and is later depicted being blown up on the ship's fantail. Filming was done aboard the USS Alabama museum ship.[250]

CH-47 Chinook / Boeing-Vertol 234

In the 2000 film Rules of Engagement two Boeing-Vertol 234 Chinook helicopters are portrayed as Boeing Vertol CH-46 Sea Knights of the United States Marine Corps. The helicopters transport a rescue team to evacuate personal from a fallen embassy in Yemen.[251]

A CH-47D performs the rescue mission by pulling up a wrecked Super Puma in the film Rescue Under Fire.[252]

Cirrus SR22

Starting in 2007, the Cirrus SR22 became one of two aircraft (along with the F-16 Fighting Falcon) to be featured in Google Earth Flight Simulator.[253]

The SR22 was also featured in the final scene of the 2010 romantic comedy film She's Out of My League.[254]

Concorde

The Concorde was the title aircraft and star of the 1979 film The Concorde ... Airport '79 in which it was flown primarily by Alain Delon and George Kennedy's characters.[255] The aircraft used crashed twenty one years later as Air France Flight 4590, killing all 109 people on board and four on the ground.

In the 1982 episode "Time-Flight" of the BBC sci fi series Doctor Who a Concorde, its passengers, and crew are pulled through time to a prehistoric version of Earth.[256]

The Aerialbot Silverbolt of the Transformers turns into a Concorde.[257]

In the 2010 Charles Stross novel The Fuller Memorandum, the occult arm of the British government maintains four Concordes for use as supersonic reconnaissance aircraft to monitor the Sleeper in the Pyramid. In the event of the Black Pharaoh awakening, the Concordes are to be used as nuclear bombers to attempt to contain the threat before it manifests on Earth.[258][third-party source needed]

In the 2017 film The Wife, two significant scenes, including the final one in the movie, take place on Concorde flights transporting a Nobel Prize winner. They were shot in the aircraft displayed at Scotland's National Museum of Flight.[259][260]

Consolidated NY

United States Navy Consolidated NY trainers from Floyd Bennett Field appeared as some of the biplanes that attack King Kong atop the Empire State Building in the 1933 original film.[261]

Convair XF-92

The Convair XF-92, an experimental delta-wing interceptor, played the role of an F-102 Delta Dagger in the 1956 film Toward the Unknown starring William Holden.[262]

Curtiss JN-4 Jenny

A pair of Curtiss JN-4 Jenny biplanes featured in the 1919 silent film The Grim Game which starred Harry Houdini. In the film, the script originally called for a mid-air transfer of one of the characters between the two Jennys but while filming the scene, the two aircraft collided. Both pilots managed to safely crash-land and there were no injuries. The producers subsequently altered the script and incorporated the footage into the final cut.[263]

A Curtiss JN-4 featured in the 1921 silent film Stranger than Fiction which starred Katherine MacDonald. The Jenny features in a major sequence in which the aircraft takes off from the roof of a 10-storey building in downtown Los Angeles. To film the scene, stunt pilot Frank Clarke took off from a wooden ramp. Prior to launching, the Jenny was fixed to an anchor with a rope which was cut after Clarke revved the engine to full power. Nonetheless, the Jenny dropped five storeys before Clarke was able to level out and fly along the length of Broadway street. It is not known if the producers asked permission from city officials prior to performing the stunt.[264]

A pair of JN-4s also featured in the 1925 film The Cloud Rider. In one major scene, one of the Jennys flown by the film's female lead (played by Virginia Lee Corbin) loses a wheel (her plane having been sabotaged by the film's villains) and has to be assisted mid-air by the male lead (played by Al Wilson) who has another JN-4 pilot fly him alongside so he can climb onto the former's wing to render assistance. To film the scene, pilot Frank Clarke wore a wig to resemble the actress and after the aerial shots were completed, he was required to safely land his JN-4 with only one wheel.[265]

A JN-4 appeared in the 1926 film The Woman with Four Faces directed by Herbert Brenon. Once again, Frank Clarke was employed as a stunt pilot. For one scene, he was required to double as the male lead and, while landing his aircraft, wave at actress Betty Compson. However, when Clarke took his eyes off the runway, his Jenny crashed into a tree but the pilot escaped without injury.[266]

Curtiss RC-1

The rare US Marine Corps Curtiss RC-1 air ambulance, made an appearance in the 1935 Warner Bros. film Devil Dogs of the Air starring James Cagney and Pat O'Brien.[267]

de Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver

The 1982 film Mother Lode made use of a de Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver on floats as the neglected mount of character Jean Dupré (Nick Mancuso), who embarks on a search for a missing friend in northern British Columbia. During the filming the aircraft actually crashed while landing on a lake and sank. This accident was not in the original script, but the footage was retained and incorporated into the film's plot. The aircraft was recovered from the lake, repaired, restored and exported to the US.[268]

The DHC-2 was central to the 1998 film Six Days Seven Nights. The actual flying in the film was done by its star, Harrison Ford, who enjoyed flying the Beaver so much that he bought one after filming was completed.[269] Three flying Beavers and four non-flyable were used in the production, all detailed to exactly match one another.[270]

de Havilland Comet

The de Havilland Comet airliner is featured in the 1952 British film The Sound Barrier.[101] A Comet also appeared in the 1977 British film Are you Being Served?.[271][verification needed]

de Havilland DH.4

The 1927 William Wellman film Wings featured de Havilland DH.4s among many types depicting World War I aircraft.[272]

de Havilland DH.9/DH.9A

A de Havilland DH.9 featured in the 1928 film The Legion of the Condemned which was directed by William A. Wellman and starred Gary Cooper. The film portrayed an RFC pilot named Gale Price (Cooper) who, heartbroken over what he believes to be his unrequited love for a French woman, volunteers for a special unit tasked with flying dangerous missions during the Great War. However, during a mission behind German lines, Price discovers the woman Christine is working as an Allied spy and is still in love with him. In the film, Price lands a DH.9 in enemy territory to rescue Christine from her German captors. The film also made extensive use of leftover aerial footage from Wings which Wellman had directed the previous year.[273]

de Havilland DH.88 Comet

Grosvenor House and Black Magic, together with their crews, feature prominently in a 1990 TV two-part Australian dramatisation of the 1934 London to Melbourne MacRobertson Trophy Air Race, titled Half a World Away and later released on DVD as The Great Air Race.[172] Non-flying replicas were constructed, that of G-ACSS being taxi-able.[171]

A Comet named Bulldog and voiced by John Cleese is one of the characters in Disney's 2013 animated film Planes.[274]

In the Dutch aviation comic series January Jones by Eric Heuvel the title heroine, a U.S. racing pilot in the 1930s, flies her own Comet, usually indicated as (De Havilland) Comet. Its red finish with white trim and race number 43 resemble Grosvenor House. Besides Dutch the series has been published in Catalan, Danish, French, German, Finnish, Norwegian, Portuguese and Spanish, but not in English.[275]

de Havilland DH.89 Dragon Rapide

The de Havilland Dragon Rapide VH-BGP portrayed Rapide, ZK-ACO, "Tainui", race number 60, in the 1991 Australian mini-series The Great Air Race, about the 1934 London to Melbourne MacRobertson Trophy Air Race.[171] It is also known as Half a World Away.[172]

A de Havilland DH-89A Dragon Rapide 6 featured in the episode "Out of Time" in Season 1 (2006) of the BBC sci-fi series Torchwood. The episode features a DH-89 carrying three occupants, landing at Cardiff airport in the present day after being mysteriously transported in time from 1953.[276]

de Havilland Fox Moth

The 1951 novel Round the Bend by Nevil Shute is the story of two men, both British Licensed Aircraft Engineers. A large number of different aircraft types, both fictitious and real, feature in the book. The narrator and one of the protagonists of the story is Tom Cutter, and the novel details his efforts to establish an air charter business in Bahrain immediately after World War II. His first aircraft is a de Havilland Fox Moth; it is later joined by several other aircraft as the business expands, mostly fictitious, but among them a Percival Proctor.[277]

de Havilland Hornet Moth

The novel Hornet Flight by Ken Follett is a thriller of the Resistance against the Nazi occupation of Denmark in World War II. In the novel a de Havilland Hornet Moth is used by the protagonists to fly from Denmark to the United Kingdom with information about a German radar system. The author drew inspiration from an actual flight that took place during World War II.[278]

de Havilland Mosquito

In the 1954 British film The Purple Plain with Gregory Peck, a Canadian Second World War pilot crashes a de Havilland Mosquito on the Burma plain and struggles to survive.[17] Two flying Mosquito PR.34s from No. 81 Squadron RAF, Seletar, Singapore, and a "disused" T.3, which arrived in pieces at the film site at Negombo, Ceylon to represent the wrecked aircraft, were used in filming, all with fictional serial numbers. Flt. Sgt. (later Squadron Leader) "Chick" Kirkham flew for the flight sequences shot from a Harvard camera ship. The film received two nominations for the British Academy Awards.[279]

Mosquitos are featured prominently in The Adventures of Tintin 1958 comic book album The Red Sea Sharks. They drive the plot in various ways, first as war-surplus equipment offered for sale by an arms dealer early in the story, and later in combat.[280]

The military unit in the 1964 film 633 Squadron is equipped with de Havilland Mosquitos. The film makes use of genuine, airworthy aircraft, rather than models, for many of the scenes.[281]

Mosquitos also play the title role of the 1969 film Mosquito Squadron, starring David McCallum and Charles Gray.[282]

The Mosquito plays an important role with the de Havilland Vampire in Frederick Forsyth's 1975 novella The Shepherd.[283]

Scott Summers and his younger brother Alex Summers, members of Marvel Comics' X-Men, are orphaned as children after parachuting out of their father's Mosquito when it is set ablaze by an alien attack.[284]

Mosquitos play a central role in the 2019 graphic novel Out of the Blue written by Garth Ennis and illustrated by Keith Burns. The story features a young pilot Jamie Mckenzie who joins a Mosquito fighter-bomber unit of the Royal Air-Force and clashes with his CO.[285]

de Havilland Puss Moth

A de Havilland Leopard Moth was painted as de Havilland DH.80 Puss Moth, VH-UQO, "My Hildegarde", race number 16, for the 1991 Australian mini-series The Great Air Race, about the 1934 London to Melbourne MacRobertson Air Race.[171] It is also known as Half a World Away.[172]

de Havilland Tiger Moth

A de Havilland DH.82 Tiger Moth appears in the 1952 David Lean film The Sound Barrier. In the film, Christopher Ridgefield (Denholm Elliott) is killed in a crash while nervously trying to fly his first solo in a Tiger Moth to meet the approval of his stern father Sir John (Ralph Richardson).[286][287]

A Tiger Moth appears in the opening scene of the 1996 film The English Patient, flying over the Sahara Desert, carrying a man and a woman. The aircraft is shot down in flames, leaving the pilot with horrific burns. The film is based on the novel of the same name by Michael Ondaatje.[288]

de Havilland Vampire

de Havilland Vampires appear in the 1952 motion picture The Sound Barrier, directed by David Lean.[289]

de Havilland Vampires feature in the 1954 British motion picture Conflict of Wings, a drama about the conflict that arises when an RAF squadron based in Norfolk is allocated a small island to use as a range for low-level attack training only to encounter the protests of nearby villagers who want the island preserved as a bird sanctuary.[290]

Vampires also feature in the 1966 novel Shooting Script by former RAF pilot and thriller writer Gavin Lyall.[291]

The Vampire is central to the plot of the 1975 novella, The Shepherd by British novelist Frederick Forsyth, the story of an RAF pilot attempting to fly home for Christmas from RAF Celle, Germany, to RAF Lakenheath on Christmas Eve 1957. The fact that the DH.100 was not fitted with ejection seats until about ten years later, and hence was a major challenge to bail out of, is an important element of the story.[292]

Douglas DC-2

Douglas DC-2, PH-AJU, "Uiver", race number 44, was depicted by Douglas DC-3, VH-ANR, in the 1991 Australian mini-series The Great Air Race, about the 1934 London to Melbourne MacRobertson Trophy Air Race.[171] It is also known as Half a World Away.[172]

Douglas DC-3

See also C-47 Skytrain / Dakota section for military versions of the DC-3
A Douglas DC-3 painted in Ruskin Air Services fictional markings during filming at Duxford Airfield in 1982 for the British television series Airline.

A Douglas DC-3A of Central Airlines appears in the 1954 film Strategic Air Command as the transport that conveys a security check team into Carswell AFB, Texas.[293]

The 1961 episode of The Twilight Zone entitled "The Arrival" features a DC-3 on Flight 107, which arrives at its destination with no one on board. It originally aired 22 September 1961.[294]

The chief character of the 1965 novel High Citadel by Desmond Bagley is an alcoholic former Korean War fighter pilot who flies a Douglas DC-3 for a small airline in a fictional Andean country in South America. He is forced at gunpoint by his co-pilot—a Communist agent—to crash-land the DC-3 at a remote abandoned mine in the Andes so that Communists planning a coup can capture and kill a politician travelling as a passenger.[295]

A DC-3 starred in the 1982 British television series Airline. The aircraft used to depict the DC-3 of the fictional Ruskin Air Services was also used in the 1980s television series Tenko and the 2001 series Band of Brothers.[296][297]

In the 1985 two-part episode of the television series Magnum, P.I. entitled "All For One", the four main characters (Thomas, Rick, T.C. and Higgins) fly from Hawai'i to Cambodia in a DC-3 (c/n N162E) to carry out a personal mission. Several scenes are filmed both inside and outside of this aircraft.[298]

In the 1989 comedy film Major League, the hard-luck Cleveland Indians baseball team is "upgraded" to a DC-3 for their transportation to away games.[299]

In the 1994 film Richie Rich, the Rich family own and pilot a DC-3, named "Billion Dollar One", which crashes in the Atlantic due to a bomb on board.[300]

The DC-3 features in a chase scene in the 2008 James Bond film Quantum of Solace.[301]

The 2012 Canadian Broadcasting Corporation television series Arctic Air features a Yellowknife-based airline that relies on DC-3s.[302]

The 2016 film Rules Don't Apply features a DC-3 in two sequences on land and one in air. Howard Hughes pilots the DC-3 in a risky manner while two other passengers are aboard, shutting off the engines in-air and performing a "proper glide".[303]

Douglas DC-4

Douglas C-54 Skymaster landing in Berlin during the Berlin Airlift.

The Douglas DC-4 appears in the Ernest K. Gann novel The High and the Mighty. A former USAF Douglas C-54 Skymaster operated by Transocean Airlines portrayed the Douglas DC-4 in the John Wayne 1954 film of the same name.[304] Ironically, this airframe was lost over the Pacific on 28 March 1964 with an engine fire just as depicted in the film. There were no survivors of the nine "souls on board" and the wreckage was never found.[305]

Douglas DC-8

In the 1990 action film Die Hard 2, a Douglas DC-8 is given false landing instructions by terrorists and crash lands in a blizzard, resulting in fatalities to all on board. Industrial Light and Magic used a 23-foot long model to shoot the effects of the crash and explosion. Filming was done at a remote airstrip in the Mojave Desert of California. "However, shots of the passengers' frightened reactions to the initial impact, which had been shot on a set and originally cut into the movie, were so terrifying (made all the more authentic by preproduction research of Federal Aviation Administration test crashes and data from real aircraft crashes) that they were ultimately cut before the film's release." ILM constructed five DC-8 models for the production.[190]

EB-66 Destroyer

The film Bat*21 featured an EB-66 variant of the Douglas B-66 Destroyer[306] being shot down over North Vietnam in the beginning of the film.

English Electric Lightning

The 1976 children's book Thunder and Lightnings by Jan Mark is about the relationship of two boys – otherwise outsiders – who share an interest in aeroplanes, in particular the English Electric Lightnings flown by the local squadron. The author was awarded the Carnegie Medal in 1978 for the book.[307][308]

Eurocopter Tiger

A Eurocopter EC665 Tiger attack helicopter has a starring role in the 1995 James Bond film GoldenEye.[309]

Three Eurocopter EC665 Tigers save the day in the 2017 film Rescue Under Fire.[252]

Eurocopter AS332 Super Puma

A Eurocopter AS332 Super Puma becomes the main protagonist of the film Rescue under fire. The unit used for filming in the movie was the same as in the real events.[252]

F2H Banshee

Protagonist Lt. Harry Brubaker flew a McDonnell F2H Banshee in the 1953 James A. Michener novel The Bridges at Toko-Ri. In the subsequent 1954 film adaptation, his aircraft was changed to a Grumman F9F Panther.[310]

F3F

Flight Command, released by MGM in 1940, featured the Grumman F3F, filmed at NAS North Island, San Diego, California. Aerial flying by Frank Clarke and Paul Mantz.[227]

The 1941 Warner Bros. film Dive Bomber showed Grumman F3Fs.[311] F3F-2, BuNo 0989, '6-F-4', of VF-6, assigned to USS Enterprise, is one of the best-known F3F-2's due to the fact it is the aircraft that Fred MacMurray "crashed" in this movie.[312] Filming began at NAS North Island, San Diego, California, on 20 March 1941.[313]

F-4 Phantom II

US Marine aviator Lt. Col. Wilbur "Bull" Meecham flew an F-4 Phantom II in the 1979 film The Great Santini starring Robert Duvall as Meecham.[314]

The Gobots character Mach 3 and the Transformers character Fireflight both turn into McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom IIs.[257]

In the 1988 film Iron Eagle II, F-4s appear as Soviet MiGs. The aircraft were provided by the Israeli Air Force for the production.[315]

F4F Wildcat

Grumman F4F Wildcats were shown in the critical aerial battle scenes in the film Midway.[316]

F4U Corsair

Vought F4U Corsairs featured in the latter part of the 1951 RKO war movie Flying Leathernecks which was directed by Nicholas Ray and starred John Wayne & Robert Ryan. The film's fictional Marine Air Corps unit exchange their older fighters for new F4Us as they support the drive across the Pacific in the latter stages of the war. For the film, the producers borrowed a number of flying F4Us which were then serving as trainers at the Marine Air Base at El Toro, California, and they also incorporated some wartime colour footage of F4Us taken during WW2.[317]

F4Us also featured in the 1952 Monogram film Flat Top which was directed by Lesley Selander and starred Sterling Hayden. In the film, Hayden plays Commander Dan Collier who takes command of a squadron of un-disciplined fighter pilots on board an aircraft carrier and is tasked with getting them combat-ready before the invasion of the Japanese-occupied Philippines in 1944. The film made extensive use of colour wartime footage of carrier-borne F4Us.[318]

The F4U Corsair was a regularly featured aircraft of VMF-214 in the 1976–1978 television series Baa Baa Black Sheep, based on the experiences of Pappy Boyington. The series was later renamed Black Sheep Squadron.[319]

Computer-generated images of F4U Corsairs appear in the 2006 Second World War drama Flags of Our Fathers directed by Clint Eastwood.[320]

An F4U Corsair named Skipper Riley (voiced by Stacy Keach) is one of the characters in Disney's animated TV series and films "Air Mater" (2011), Planes (2013).[321]

F-5 Freedom Fighter/Tiger II

Northrop F-5s played the part of the fictional MiG-28 enemy aircraft in the 1986 film Top Gun.[322][323]

F5F Skyrocket

The sole Grumman XF5F-1 Skyrocket, which never entered production or squadron service, was incorporated as the primary mount for Blackhawk and the Blackhawk Squadron in wartime editions of the anthology series Military Comics published by Quality Comics, the first issue of which was published in August 1941. The long-running title was later acquired by DC Comics, with the squadron upgrading to more modern types.[324]

F6F Hellcat

Grumman F6F Hellcats appeared in the 1951 motion picture Flying Leathernecks directed by Nicholas Ray and starring John Wayne.[325] One of the pilots who flew aircraft for the aerial scenes in the production was Marine Captain Phil De Groot who, after completing work on the film, flew in the Korean War and was wounded in action. The production was filmed at a small airstrip at Camp Pendleton, California. De Groot said, "They put some sand all over the strip, and some palm trees, and built a little pagoda there, simulating Guadalcanal..."[326]

F6Fs appear in the 1964 novel The Last Tallyho by Richard Newhafer, a work inspired by the author's real-life experiences as a Hellcat pilot during WW2.[327]

F6Fs also feature in the 1978 novel Wingmen by Ensan Case, a novel depicting US Navy fighter pilots serving on a fictional aircraft carrier- the 'USS Constitution'. The carrier's fighter squadron- VF-20- takes part in the Pacific War 1943-1944 and it centres on the experiences of two of its members- ensign Fred Trusteau and the squadron-commander, Lt Jack Hardigan.[328]

Computer-generated images of F6F Hellcats appear in the 2002 Second World War drama Windtalkers directed by John Woo and starring Nicolas Cage.[329]

F9F Panther

The Grumman F9F-2 Panther was prominently featured in the 1954 films Men of the Fighting Lady and The Bridges at Toko-Ri, although the protagonist instead flew a McDonnell F2H Banshee in the 1953 novel of the same name on which the latter film was based.[310] Footage of the famous non-fatal F9F-5 Panther ramp strike accident that occurred on 23 June 1951 as Commander George Chamberlain Duncan attempted to land on USS Midway in BuNo 125228, in which the forward fuselage broke away and rolled down the deck, has been used in several films including Men of the Fighting Lady, Midway (1976), and The Hunt For Red October (1990).[330]

F11F Tiger

In Alas, Babylon, the post-apocalyptic 1959 novel by Pat Frank, a heat-seeking missile launched by a Grumman F11F Tiger that accidentally strikes the port area of Latakia, Syria, sets off secondary explosions and gives the Soviet Union the casus belli for preemptive nuclear strikes against the US.[331][verification needed]

F-14 Tomcat

A U.S. Navy Grumman F-14D Tomcat

The Grumman F-14 Tomcat was central to the 1986 film Top Gun.[33][332][333] The aviation-themed film was such a success in creating interest in naval aviation that the US Navy, which assisted with the film, set up recruitment desks outside some theaters.[334] Producers paid the US Navy $886,000 as reimbursement for flight time of aircraft in the film with an F-14 billed at $7,600 per flight hour.[335][323]

Two F-14As of VF-84 from the USS Nimitz appeared in the 1980 film The Final Countdown,[336] with four from the squadron in the 1996 release Executive Decision,[191] the Jolly Rogers' final film appearance before being disestablished. The military legal drama TV series JAG (1995–2005) featured lead character Harmon Rabb, a Tomcat pilot-turned-lawyer,[33] and the Tomcat was a central part of the Stephen Coonts novel Final Flight.[33]

The F-14 Tomcat is the primary focus of the 1987 Williams pinball machine "F-14 Tomcat".[337]

F-15 Eagle

An F-15J and F-15DJ of the Japan Air Self-Defense Force

The McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle is one of the most recognized modern fighters; this has led to, or perhaps even been aided by, its common use in children's toys. Leader-1 of the Gobots turns into an F-15.[338] The Transformers toy line and media have featured numerous characters who turn into F-15 Eagles, the most notable being the villain Starscream in 1984[339] and a group of similar Decepticons, the Seekers: Acid Storm, Thundercracker, Skywarp and Sunstorm. Although a completely unrelated design to the others, the Aerialbot Air Raid also disguises himself as an F-15.[340]

F-15s feature in the 1980 novel Eagles by M H Davis, a work which portrays pilots of the USAF.[341]

The F-15 is featured in the 1997 film Air Force One.[193] The Eagle was also shown in advertisements for the 2000 film Thirteen Days. The ads were withdrawn when it came to the attention of New Line Cinema that the F-15, which first flew in 1972, was out of place for a film set in 1962. This was problematic for New Line, who had termed the film a "by-the-numbers recreation" and "close to perfect." "Every ship, plane, truck and craft that moves in the film is absolutely authentic to the time period", said Steve Elzer, a spokesman for New Line. Mr. Elzer said the advertisement was created by an outside agency.[342]

F-15Js and F-15DJs appear prominently in the 2004 film ULTRAMAN. The film's protagonist, Shunichi Maki, is a prestigious pilot of the F-15, and encounters the enigmatic Ultraman 'The Next' while flying the aircraft.[343]

The F-15 has appeared in numerous video games, including the 1985 Microprose title F-15 Strike Eagle[344] and its two sequels, F-15 Strike Eagle II (1989)[345] and F-15 Strike Eagle III (1992).[346]

F-16 Fighting Falcon

F-16s of the USAF's Thunderbirds display team

A number of video games have featured the F-16: the Falcon series (1984-2005), F-16 Combat Pilot (1989), F-16 Multirole Fighter (1998), F-16 Aggressor (1999) and many others.[347]

The Transformers Aerialbot Skydive and Decepticon Dreadwind disguise themselves as F-16 Fighting Falcons.[348] The Transformers character Needlenose disguises himself as an F-16XL.[349]

The Falcon was one of the stars of the 1986 film Iron Eagle. The US Air Force refused to assist with production of the film because it found the plot about a teenager flying an F-16 into a foreign country to be "a little off the wall".[335]

The 1986 action-adventure romantic comedy film The Jewel of the Nile featured a brutal dictator's personal F-16 as the key element in the protagonists (played by Kathleen Turner and Michael Douglas) escaping from a fortified town.[350]

The aircraft was also featured in the HBO 1992 production Afterburn. A dramatization of true events, the F-16 was the subject of a protracted legal battle over the safety of the design.[351]

The F-16 was featured in the 2002 film The Sum of All Fears.[194]

Starting in 2007, the F-16 became one of two aircraft (along with the Cirrus SR22) to be featured in Google Earth Flight Simulator.[352]

F/A-18 Hornet

The McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet appears in the 1994 film Clear and Present Danger which was directed by Phillip Noyce. The jet drops a laser-guided bomb on a car at a drug lord's villa, being laser designated by a special forces team.[353]

In the 1996 Michael Bay-directed film The Rock, F/A-18s attack the prison on Alcatraz Island in the final scenes.[354]

The F/A-18 Hornet was prominently featured in the 1996 film Independence Day and was filmed using F/A-18 squadrons belonging to the 3rd Marine Corps Aircraft Wing at El Toro and Miramar, in California.[353]

F/A-18s successfully attack the famous Japanese monster Godzilla (ゴジラ |Gojira) with AGM-84 Harpoons in the 1998 remake film Godzilla.[353]

The updated two-seater F/A-18F Super Hornet variant was featured in the 2001 film Behind Enemy Lines, directed by John Moore, and starring Owen Wilson and Gene Hackman. The plot begins with a Super Hornet being shot down over Bosnia.[355]

The F/A-18 Hornet appeared briefly in the 2003 film Tears of the Sun in the final, climactic battle, helping to save the surviving SEAL team members.[356]

In the 2013 Disney animated film Planes, the characters Bravo and Echo are based on the F/A-18E Super Hornet.[357]

The F/A-18 Super Hornet is to be featured in the upcoming film, Top Gun: Maverick.[358]

F-20 Tigershark

The Northrop F-20 Tigershark appears a number of times in Kaoru Shintani's manga/animated franchise Area 88, as a personal unit of main character Shin Kazama.[359][360]

Although the F-20 never entered service, in Barrett Tillman's 1991 novel Warriors, the Royal Saudi Air Force orders over a hundred of them. The RSAF assigns the fighter to select pilots who graduate from a localized version of Top Gun established by former USAF and USN pilots. The bigger plot of the novel involves the Saudi pilots joining a pan-Arab attack against Israel.[361]

F-22 Raptor

The F-22 Raptor is heavily featured in the 1998 Stephen Coonts novel Fortunes of War.[362] This novel sees Japan invade Russia with a fictional airplane they developed called the "Zero". While not wanting to directly come to the aid of the Russians, the US lends a squadron of F-22 Raptors to the Russian Air Force and hires American pilots to fly as sworn-in members of the Russian military.

After appearing briefly in the 2003 Hulk film, the F-22 made its major Hollywood debut in the 2007 film Transformers and its 2009 sequel[363] as the form taken by the Decepticon character Starscream in addition to numerous USAF fighters that engaged during the initial and climactic battles. The film crew was allowed to film actual Raptors in flight, unlike previous computer-generated appearances, because of the military's support of director Michael Bay. The Raptors were filmed at Edwards Air Force Base.[364]

The real Raptor made its next big screen appearance in Iron Man, in which a Raptor call sign "Whiplash 1" lost its left wing during a mid-air collision with the Iron Man armor.[365]

Toys released for Starscream were replica F-22 Raptor models. These models were reused for other characters in the line, like Thundercracker, Skywarp and Ramjet, that also turned into F-22 Raptors.[366]

Although the live-action 2007 film Transformers made Starscream the best-known Transformer that turns into an F-22, there were other F-22 Transformers before it. For instance the 1997 Machine Wars versions of Megatron and Megaplex transformed into F-22s.[367]

In the 2013 film Olympus Has Fallen, computer animation was used to depict F-22 Raptors intercepting an armed AC-130 attacking Washington, D.C.; two F-22s are shot down before a third hits the AC-130 with a missile, causing it to crash.[237]

The plane is the subject of a flight-simulation video game, F-22 Interceptor, which was released by Electronic Arts and Ingram Entertainment for the Sega Mega Drive console in 1991.[368]

F-35 Lightning II

The first major film appearance of a representation of a Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II was 2006's Superman Returns. During this film, a pair of F-35A fighters escorted the modified Boeing 777 mothership for an experimental NASA spaceplane. This visualization was a combination of an actual cockpit and CGI for the aircraft in flight.[202]

The next major film appearance of an F-35 was in Live Free or Die Hard (released as Die Hard 4.0 outside North America) in 2007. The film used a combination of a full-scale model and CGI effects.[369]

The Transformers character of the Autobot Breakaway and its redeco the Decepticon Thrust from the Revenge of the Fallen toy both disguise themselves as F-35s. Breakaway appears as a playable character in the 2009 Revenge of the Fallen video game.[370]

F-35s are depicted in the 2012 film The Avengers. The film was originally intended to include real F-35s, but the United States Department of Defense objected to the depiction of F-22s and F-35s as under the control of S.H.I.E.L.D., a covert, "extra-governmental" organization whose loyalties are unclear, so CGI aircraft were substituted instead.[371][372]

Hal Jordan and Carol Ferris fly F-35s in a simulated dogfight against the UCAVs Carol's company is trying to sell to the US Department of Defense in the 2011 film Green Lantern.[373]

A squadron of F-35s engages General Zod's ship in the 2013 film Man of Steel.[16]

F-84 Thunderjet, Thunderstreak

For the 1955 biographical film The McConnell Story about ace Joseph C. McConnell, eight Republic F-84s of the 614th Fighter-Bomber Squadron donned dark blue paint with red stars to portray MiG-15s doing mock battle for the cameras with F-86 Sabres of the 366th Fighter-Bomber Squadron, both units based at Alexandria AFB, Louisiana. Air Defense Command headquarters notified its pilots in January 1955 that the mock MiGs would be operating over portions of the southwestern US.[374]

F-86 Sabre

The North American F-86 Sabre appears in the 1956 novel The Hunters by James Salter,[375] and the 1958 film of the same name, set in Korea, features North American F-86 Sabres.[376]

F-86s feature in the 1957 junior fiction novel Sabre Pilot by Stephen W. Meader about a youngster named Kirk Owen who enlists in the USAF and serves as a fighter pilot in the Korean War.[377]

F-86s were a feature in the 1958 film Jet Attack which was directed by Edward L. Cahn and starred John Agar and Audrey Totter. The film, also released as Jet Alert and Through Hell to Glory, was a drama set in the Korean War about a pair of pilots who parachute behind North Korean lines to rescue a captured scientist. The film, a low budget production, relied heavily on stock footage of F-86s for the aerial scenes.[378]

F-86s appear in the 1959 novel MiG Alley by Robert Eunson which portrays a pilot Captain Homer 'Mac' McCullough who flies F-86s during the Korean War and is frustrated at being forbidden to engage enemy MiGs beyond the Yalu River.[379]

Desmond Bagley's 1965 novel High Citadel features F-86 Sabres, which make up the frontline equipment of the air force of the fictional South American country in which the book is set. There are four squadrons of Sabres; two are loyal to the current corrupt government; one is secretly loyal to a reformist politician who is returning from exile to take over the country; and the fourth is secretly loyal to Communist forces who are attempting to kill the politician. The latter part of the novel features a dogfight between a Sabre flown by one of the main characters—a CIA agent and former Sabre pilot who fought in the Korean War—and aircraft of the Communist squadron.[295]

F-86F Sabres of the JASDF regularly feature in the Showa era of kaiju films produced by Toho, with the aircraft appearing most prominently during a sequence in Godzilla where two Sabres attack the titular monster after he leaves the devastated city of Tokyo.[380]

In the 1981 dystopian film The Last Chase, retired pilot J.G. Williams (played by Burgess Meredith) and his F-86 Sabre play the antagonist in attempting to track down and destroy the protagonist Franklyn Hart (played by Lee Majors). After becoming sympathetic to Hart's cause, Williams sacrifices himself in a kamikaze-style attack against a laser installation to protect Hart.[381]

A Sabre plays an important role in the 1999 film comedy Blast from the Past which stars Brendan Fraser and Christopher Walken. During the Cuban Missile Crisis, a Sabre pilot is forced to eject over a residential area in the US and the aircraft just happens to crash onto the house of an eccentric father who is sheltering with his family in a large underground bomb shelter he has constructed. Believing the crash to be the impact of a nuclear bomb, the family remain underground for 35 years.[382]

F-101 Voodoo

A pair of McDonnell F-101B Voodoos fly over the Russian submarine Спрут at the end of the 1966 comedy The Russians Are Coming, the Russians Are Coming, directed by Norman Jewison. Although the film is set in New England, it was filmed on the West Coast and the fighters were from the 84th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, based at the now-closed Hamilton Air Force Base, California.[383]

F-104 Starfighter

Gen. Charles "Chuck" Yeager's 10 December 1963 flying accident during a test flight in a modified rocket-boosted Lockheed NF-104A Starfighter was featured in The Right Stuff motion picture. The aircraft used for filming was a standard German Luftwaffe F-104G, flying with its wingtip fuel tanks removed; it otherwise lacked any of the NF-104A's modifications, most visibly the rocket engine pod at the base of the vertical stabilizer.[384]

The F-104 is featured heavily in the 1964 film The Starfighters, directed by Will Zens and starring future US Congressman Bob Dornan. The film later appeared on the Comedy Central series Mystery Science Theater 3000 as the subject of episode #612.[385]

An F-104 Starfighter flown by Captain John Christopher, USAF, intercepts the USS Enterprise after the ship is thrown back in time by an encounter with a previously unmapped "black star" in first season episode 1/19, Tomorrow Is Yesterday, as the starship is struggling to climb out of Earth's atmosphere over Omaha, Nebraska.[386]

Footage of an F-104 featured in the opening scenes of the science-fiction motion picture The Bamboo Saucer (1968), playing the role of an experimental jet called the "X-109" whose pilot Fred Norwood (John Ericson) encounters a UFO while carrying out a test flight.[387]

An F-104 made regular appearances on the 1960s television sitcom I Dream of Jeannie. Leading man Major Anthony Nelson (Larry Hagman), a pilot in the US Air Force, was often to be seen landing and climbing out of the cockpit of an F-104A. That particular aircraft – 56-817 – later became part of the collection of the Pacific Aviation Museum on Ford Island, Oahu, Hawaii.[388]

Captain Lockheed and the Starfighters is a 1974 satirical concept album by Robert Calvert and others, telling an absurdly fictionalized tale of the F-104G's acquisition by and service with the German Air Force.[389] The album included tracks with names such as "the Widowmaker" and "Catch a Falling Starfighter".[390]

F-117 Nighthawk

The Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk was the subject of the 1991 MicroProse game F-117A Nighthawk Stealth Fighter 2.0[54] and the 1993 Sega Mega Drive-exclusive F-117 Night Storm.[391]

Fairchild UC-61 Forwarder

A former US Army Air Force Fairchild UC-61A Forwarder, painted in USAAF colours, makes a brief appearance to represent the Noorduyn UC-64A Norseman in which big band leader Glenn Miller disappeared in December 1944, in the 1954 Universal International Pictures film The Glenn Miller Story.[392]

The same aircraft was also featured in a 1964 episode of Michael Bentine's BBC TV comedy programme, It's a Square World, about a shoestring airline with a staff of two. Filming took a day at Elstree Aerodrome, Herts. In 1965, it appeared in an episode of the ITV programme, The Moonraker.[392]

Fairchild Hiller FH-227

When the Fairchild Hiller FH-227D operating as Uruguayan Air Force (Fuerza Aérea Uruguaya) Flight 571 T-571 crashed in the Argentine Andes on 13 October 1972, it began a tale of amazing human survival for the 16 of the 45 on board who were rescued over two months later, after two passengers walked to civilization. The survivors' story was published in Alive: The Story of the Andes Survivors, a critically acclaimed book by Piers Paul Read, in 1974. When the story was filmed in 1992 as Alive, directed by Frank Marshall, a similar FH-227 marked as the doomed aircraft was used for some shots, while Industrial Light and Magic depicted the crash using an eight-foot breakaway model, designed to shear at mid-fuselage. The nose and tail were heavily reinforced while a non-reinforced midsection was built up of plastic, foil, wires and metals so that when it broke it would have the layered metal look of a real airframe breaking up. A cable system was rigged to fly the model, which was on an aligned track, into the miniature mountain, hitting the "sweet spot" on the fuselage, a weakened area barely three inches long.[393]

Fairey Fox

The Fairey Fox I, G-ACXO, race number 35, which participated in the 1934 London to Melbourne MacRobertson Trophy Air Race, was portrayed in the 1991 Australian mini-series The Great Air Race, also known as Half a World Away,[172] by an unlikely Boeing Stearman.[171]

Fairey Swordfish

Two Fairey Swordfish starred in the 1960 film Sink the Bismarck!. Swordfish LS326 was marked as "5A" of 825 Naval Air Squadron, while NF389 was marked as LS423 / "5B".[394]

Focke-Wulf Fw 190

Focke-Wulf Fw 190s feature in the 1970 novel Betrayed Skies by Rudolf Braunburg which depicts a Luftwaffe fighter unit based in Poland in 1944.[395]

Modified North American T-6 Texans portrayed Focke-Wulf Fw 190s in the 1977 film A Bridge Too Far.[59]

A new-build Fw 190 A-8/N participated in the 2007 Finnish war film Tali-Ihantala 1944, painted in the same markings as Oberst Erich Rudorffer's aircraft in 1944.[396]

Fw 190s feature in the French graphic novel The Grand Duke (2012) written by Yann, illustrated by Romain Hugault and depicting aerial combat between the Soviet air force and the German Luftwaffe over the Eastern Front in the latter stages of the Second World War.[397]

Focke-Wulf Triebflügel

A Focke-Wulf Fw Triebflügel aircraft was featured in the 2011 American superhero film Captain America: The First Avenger, with the supervillain Red Skull making his first escape in this rocket-aircraft. The scene accurately depicts the rocket and ramjet start and initial climb out of the Triebflügel. Historically, the Triebflügel had only reached wind-tunnel testing when the Allied forces reached the production facilities, and no complete prototype was ever built. CGI vehicles designed for the film were based on real historical aircraft such as the Triebflügel.[398]

Fokker Eindecker

A Fokker E.III Eindecker appeared in the BBC TV series Wings (1977–1978), a drama series about pilots of the Royal Flying Corps in the First World War.[399]

Fokker Dr.I

A scarlet-painted Fokker Dr.I triplane featured in the DC comic Enemy Ace and was the mount of the central character Baron Hans von Hammer, a German fighter pilot in the First World War. Debuting in 1965, the comic was written by Robert Kanigher and drawn by Joe Kubert and the character has been revived several times since by other writers & artists.[400]

A pair of Dr.Is are featured in the 1966 film epic The Blue Max, directed by John Guillermin and based on the 1964 novel of the same name by Jack D. Hunter.[401] In the film, rival pilots Bruno Stachel (George Peppard) and von Klugermann (Jeremy Kemp) try to out-do one another in a test of nerves by flying their triplanes under a bridge. The scene was filmed at Formoy Viaduct in Ireland and stunt pilot Derek Piggott was obliged to fly a Dr.I under the bridge, through either the wide or narrow spans, a total of 32 times.[402]

A Dr.I appears in the 1971 film Von Richthofen and Brown (released in the US as The Red Baron) which was directed by Roger Corman and starred John Phillip Law as the famous German ace. The aircraft makes its first appearance at a cocktail party thrown by the aircraft's designer Anthony Fokker (played by Hurd Hatfield) who shows off his creation to guest of honour Manfred von Richthofen (Law) but the latter's eyes are drawn more to Fokker's attractive mistress.[403]

Fokker Dr.Is appear en masse in the 2006 aerial film Flyboys directed by Tony Bill and starring James Franco.[404]

Fokker Dr.Is also appear in the 2008 German film Der Rote Baron, a biopic about the famous First World War ace Manfred von Richthofen.[405]

Fokker D.VII

The 1927 William Wellman film Wings featured a Fokker D.VII among many types depicting World War I aircraft.[272]

A Fokker D.VII is flown in a dogfight by Baron Heinrich von Frohleich versus Race Bannon in a SPAD S.XIII in episode 10 of Jonny Quest, "Shadow of the Condor", first aired 20 November 1964.[406]

Folland Gnat

Folland Gnats portray the fictional carrier-based fighters in the 1991 comedy film Hot Shots!.[407]

Ford Trimotor

John Wayne was depicted piloting a Ford Trimotor in several episodes of the 1932 serial film Hurricane Express. A Ford Trimotor appeared in Chapter 1 of Flash Gordon (Universal, 1936).[408] Director Howard Hawks' 1939 film Only Angels Have Wings features a Trimotor that catches fire after a freak accident with a condor, eventually performing an emergency landing on an airfield. A real and a model Trimotor were used for the sequence.[409]

A Ford 4-AT-E Trimotor, N8407, appeared in the 1965 comedy The Family Jewels "flown" by Jerry Lewis.[410] This aircraft is now owned by the Experimental Aircraft Association.

The Ford 5-AT-B Trimotor currently owned by Kermit Weeks' Fantasy of Flight Museum was featured early in the opening of the 1984 film Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom.[411][412]

A Trimotor was also featured in Brian DePalma's 1987 version of The Untouchables with Kevin Costner and Sean Connery.[413]

A Ford Trimotor 4AT-B featured in the 2009 film Amelia, a biopic of aviator Amelia Earhart starring Hilary Swank and Richard Gere. The aircraft featured in the film belonged to the Golden Wings Museum, Minnesota.[414]

GAF Nomad

The Government Aircraft Factories (GAF) Nomad, an Australian-built twin-engine STOL (Short Take-Off and Landing) aircraft, was a regular feature on the successful Australian TV series The Flying Doctors which aired on the Nine Network 1986–1993.[415] The GAF Nomad had a controversial history with a high accident rate. Of the 172 that were constructed, 32 were involved in major hull-loss accidents, resulting in 76 fatalities including GAF test pilot Stuart Pearce (father of actor Guy Pearce).[416]

Gee Bee Racer

Two Gee Bee Model Z Super Sportster racing aircraft were featured in the 1991 Walt Disney film The Rocketeer.[417]

Kermit Weeks, founder of Fantasy of Flight, used a Gee Bee Model Z as his main character "Zee" in a 2008 series of children's books set in the interwar period.[418]

A Mexican Gee Bee Racer named "El Chupacabra" is one of the characters in the 2013 Disney animated film Planes.[274]

Gloster Gladiator

Gloster Gladiators feature in the Second World War novel Signed with their Honour, written in 1942 by Australian author and war correspondent James Aldridge. The novel is set during the Axis invasion of Greece in 1940–41 and the central character is a British pilot named John Quayle who flies Gladiators with No. 80 Squadron RAF.[419] An attempt in 1943 to make a film based on the novel was abandoned when two Gladiators were destroyed in a mid-air collision during the production.[420][421]

Gloster Meteor

A privately owned Gloster Meteor TT20, N94749 appeared in the two-part 1976 episode, "The Feminum Mystique", of the first season of the Wonder Woman television series, as the experimental "XPJ-1" fighter which is stolen by the Nazis. This airframe has been donated to the Edwards Air Force Base Flight Test Center museum.[422] The episode title was borrowed from Betty Friedan's 1963 book of a similar title, which is widely credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the US.[423]

A Gloster Meteor T.7, either WA634 or WA638, owned by Martin-Baker appeared in the episode "Many Happy Returns" of the 1967 British TV series The Prisoner.[424]

Goodyear Blimp

The 1977 John Frankenheimer film Black Sunday features the Goodyear Blimp as the vehicle which Black September terrorists plan to hijack and attack the Super Bowl, played in the Orange Bowl in Miami.[425]

Gotha G.IV

A Gotha G.IV appears in the 2006 First World War aerial film Flyboys directed by Tony Bill and starring James Franco. To depict the bomber, the producers used both computer-generated imagery[426] and a replica of the forward fuselage of a Gotha, now displayed in a museum at RAF Manston.[427]

Grumman G-21 Goose

A Grumman G-21 Goose, painted red, white and black, named "Cutter's Goose", was the main transport of protagonist Jake Cutter (played by Stephen Collins) in the early 1982–83 adventure television series, Tales of the Gold Monkey, and used to transport Cutter and his allies among various south Pacific islands in the late 1930s setting of the show.[428]

An G-21 named "Loose Goose" is featured in Archer: Danger Island.[citation needed]

Grumman HU-16 Albatross

The 1964 film Flight from Ashiya, starring Richard Widmark, Yul Brynner and George Chakiris, follows the crews of two Grumman HU-16 Albatross of the USAF Air Rescue Service as they attempt to rescue the survivors of a Japanese shipwreck in the North China Sea.[227]

The 2010 film The Expendables also features an Albatross as the protagonists' private airplane.[429][430]

Grumman J2F Duck

A Grumman J2F Duck was the primary plot device of the 1971 United Artists film Murphy's War, starring Peter O'Toole as the title character. Stunt flying was done by Frank Tallman.[431] The J2F-6 which starred in the film, BuNo 33587,[432] afterwards resided in the Weeks Air Museum in Florida, USA (now the Fantasy of Flight Museum).[433]

Grumman TBF / TBM Avenger

The 1944 film Wing and a Prayer is the fictional account of a torpedo squadron equipped with Grumman TBF Avengers in early 1942. The movie culminates when the squadron fights at the Battle of Midway.[434]

A group of Avengers appears in the opening scene of Steven Spielberg's 1977 sci-fi film Close Encounters of the Third Kind. In the scene, a group of officials arrive at an isolated cantina in Mexico's Sonora Desert where the five Avengers of 'Flight-19' have mysteriously appeared overnight. Flight 19 was the infamous training flight of five TBMs that vanished without trace after taking off from Fort Lauderdale, Florida, on 5 December 1945.[435] One of the TBMs featured in the scene was the TBM-3E (BuNo 53503) now owned and flown by the Rocky Mountain Wing of the Commemorative Air Force (CAF).[436]

Grumman Widgeon

A Grumman G-44 Widgeon opened each week's episode of the 1978–1984 television series Fantasy Island.[437]

Grumman X-29

The Transformers Autobot named Dogfight disguises himself as a Grumman X-29.[438]

In Kaoru Shintani's manga series Area 88, main character Shin Kazama pilots an X-29 during the final battles.[439]

HAL HF-24 Marut

The Bollywood war film Border is a fictionalized account of the 1971 Battle of Longewala between India and Pakistan. In the film a formation of HAL HF-24 Marut fighter-bombers of the Indian Air Force bomb Pakistani armoured ground forces consisting of 300 tanks and Armored Personnel Carriers.[440]

Harrier family

The Gobots character Royal-T and the Transformers Aerialbot named Slingshot disguise themselves as a Harrier.[441] In the Revenge of the Fallen Decepticon character Dirge also became a Harrier. This design was later used for the Decepticon Jetblade.[442]

A Royal Air Force Harrier was used by MI6 in the 1987 James Bond film The Living Daylights to smuggle KGB defector Georgi Koskov out of Austria.[443]

Two AV-8B Harrier IIs were used in the 1994 film True Lies.[191] The aircraft was prominent in the latter part of the film, being used by Arnold Schwarzenegger's character to rescue his daughter from terrorists in a Miami high rise and shoot down their helicopter.[444]

The Harrier was one of the aircraft types featured in the short-lived 1982 BBC-TV series Squadron which was a drama about a fictional Royal Air Force unit, 373 Squadron. The unit was a Rapid Deployment Force and featured an unusual mix of aircraft including Harriers, C-130 Hercules and Puma helicopters. The series ran for 10 episodes.[445]

Handley Page Halifax

The novel A God in Ruins (2015) by Kate Atkinson features the Handley Page Halifax heavy bomber. The central character, Teddy Todd, is a Halifax pilot serving with RAF Bomber Command during WW2 and flies over 70 night-bombing missions over Germany.[446][447][448]

Handley Page Victor

The 1962 British film The Iron Maiden features a Handley Page Victor bomber as a fictional supersonic passenger-carrying airliner designed by the protagonist. At the end of the film, this fictional airliner is named after the eponymous traction engine.[449]

Hawker Hunter

The 1952 British film The Sound Barrier features Hawker Hunter fighters.[101]

Hawker Hunter Mk 4s play a major role in the 1957 British Cinemascope motion picture High Flight directed by John Gilling and starring Ray Milland.[450]

A formation of Hawker Hunters of the Chilean Air Force appeared in the 2004 Chilean film Machuca in which they bomb the Palacio de La Moneda.[451][452]

2000 년 일렉트로니카 하나 "에 대한 뮤직 비디오 일몰 (맹금) 에 의해" 팻 보이 슬림은 특징의 호커 헌터미국 공군의 직함이 '먹이의 새 "로, 정복. [453]

호커 허리케인

과 함께 슈퍼 스피트 파이어 , [454] 호커 허리케인은 매우 강력하게 연결되어 영국의 전투 여름 1940 년 영국 공군이 독일 싸운 공군이 제공권에 대한 영국의 하늘을 통해. [455] 따라서 그것은 영국의 전투에 관련된 소설의 많은 작품에 등장하고있다.

마지막으로 지어진 G-AMAU, "The Last of the Many", 그리고 1954 년 중반까지이 유형을 비행 한 포르투갈 공군이 제공 한 5 개를 포함하여 다수의 Hawker 허리케인 이 항공기 제작에 활용되었습니다. Templar Productions Ltd. 제작물 은 What Are Your Angels Now? 라는 책을 바탕으로 임시 제목으로 " 태양의 호크스 "라는 제목을 붙 였습니다 . Wing Commander AJC Pelham Groom에 의해 1952 년 3 월 Angels One Five 로 출시되었습니다 . [456]

허리케인은 케네스 모어 가 주연을 맡은 1956 년 영국 영화 Reach For the Sky 에 등장했으며 루이스 길버트 가 감독을 맡았 으며 폴 브릭 힐Douglas Bader 전기를 바탕으로했습니다 . 영화에서 정적 인 역할을 한 허리케인 중 하나는 Mk. I, P2617 , 현재 Hendon의 Royal Air Force Museum에 보존되어 있습니다. 공중 장면에서 날아간 또 하나는 Mk-IIc, LF363으로 , 현재 영국 코닝 스비에있는 영국 전투 기념 비행 에서 운영하고 있습니다. [457]

호커 허리케인은 1969 년 영화에 등장하는 한 영국의 전투 . 3 개의 비행 가능한 허리케인이 발견되어 촬영에 사용되었습니다. [458]

호커 허리케인은 장기 실행 영국 연재 만화에서 차 세계 대전 문자 조니 Redburn으로 비행 한 전투기 조니 레드 에 발표 된 전투 그림 주간 1977에서 1987 사이. 스토리 라인은 영국 공군에서 제대하고 상인 해군에 합류 한 레드 번 이 호송 공격 중에 CAM 선박 의 허리케인을 지휘하고 (공식 조종사가 사망 한 후) 소련 러시아에 좌초 된 상태로 끝납니다. 그가 러시아 조종사와 함께 싸우는 독일군과의 전쟁. 이 만화는 Tom Tully 가 썼고 Joe Colquhoun , John Cooper, Carlos Pino가 삽화를 썼습니다 . [459]이 캐릭터는 2017 년 그래픽 소설 미니 시리즈 Johnny Red : The Hurricane 으로 Garth Ennis가 쓰고 Keith Burns가 일러스트 로 부활했습니다 . [460]

호커 허리케인 Mk. 나는 Derek Robinson 의 1983 년 소설 Piece of Cake묘사 된 가상의 RAF 조종사를위한 항공기로 등장 합니다. [461] 1988 미니 시리즈 소설 기반 추천 슈퍼 Spitfires에 대신 허리케인.

Frank Barnard 의 2006 년 소설 Blue Man Falling 에서도 허리케인이 등장했습니다. [462]

Heinkel He 111

HEINKEL 그는 111 영화에서 중요한 역할이 영국의 전투 . [463]

힐러 UH-12 / OH-23 레이븐

힐러 UH-12 1951 공상 과학 영화에 나타나는 세계에서 충돌이 감독 조지 팔 에 기초하고 1,933 신규 동명. 헬리콥터는 홍수에 시달리는 난민을 지원하고 옥상에 좌초 된 어린 소년을 구조하는 데 사용됩니다. [464]

UH-12C는 1963 년 영화 From Russia with Love 에서 James Bond 를 공격하는 데 사용되었습니다 . [465] [466]

Hiller UH-12E는 1978 년 영화 Attack of the Killer Tomatoes 촬영 도중 테일 로터 파업을 겪었습니다 . 충돌 장면이 영화에 사용되었습니다. 헬리콥터 조종사와 탑승 한 배우들은 심각한 부상없이 탈출했지만 헬리콥터는 파괴되었습니다. [467]

Hindenburg

제플린 LZ 129 힌덴부르크는 1975 년 영화의 대상이되었다 힌덴부르크 추측, 파괴를 에서 1937 재해의 원인으로 해군 비행장 레이크 허스트 , 뉴저지. [468] 비행선의 스튜디오 모델은 현재 워싱턴 DC 에있는 스미소니언 연구소국립 항공 우주 박물관전시 되어 있습니다. [469]

2004 년 영화 ' 스카이 캡틴과 내일의 세계'엠파이어 스테이트 빌딩에 도킹 된 Hindenburg III와 함께 열립니다 . [470]

Hispano Aviación HA-1112

28 대의 전 스페인 공군 Hispano Aviación HA-1112 는 1969 년 영화 Battle of Britain 에서 Messerschmitt Bf 109 전투기의 Luftwaffe , [241] 27 개의 단일 좌석 M1L, 1 개의 2 개 좌석 M4L. [471] 열 여덟는 여섯 택시 수, 드레스 세트에 사용되는 나머지를 비행했다. [472] 시간 항공기에서 1960 년대 중반에이 영화가 만들어 질 수 있도록 수집하기 시작 존재하는 것으로 알려진 정품 BF의 109S는 등 같은 박물관에서 unairworthy 예이었다 제국 전쟁 박물관군사의 남아프리카 국립 박물관 역사또는 개인적인 손에; HA-1112는 방금 스페인 공군과 비행 가능한 상태의 여러 기체와 함께 퇴역하고 있었고 약 50 대의 해체 된 Buchón이 처분 입찰에 나섰습니다. [473] 촬영 시작 직전에 연방 공군이 획득 한 4 개의 기체는 "진정한 민간인 소유의 최초의 부촌 인, 초기 워 버드 보존 운동의 초기 구성원이었습니다." [474]

Enzo G. Castellari 가 감독 한 1969 년 이탈리아의 " 마카로니 전투 " 전쟁 영화 Eagles Over London , Battle SquadronBattle Command ( 이탈리아어 : La battaglia d' Inghilterra ) 로도 알려진 몇몇 Buchón은 RAF 표시로 그려 졌습니다 . [475] "1979 년, 많은에 대한 영상 촬영의 이글스 이상 런던 무서운 등장 조지 페퍼 드 필름 승리에 지옥 ". [474]

Buchón 중 3 대는 " 1970 년 영화 Patton을 위해 P-51B Mustangs 로 급하게 변환되었습니다 . 이것은 동체 밑면에 대형 Mustang-esque 유리 섬유 공기 흡입구를 부착하는 것과 관련이 있습니다." [474]

한 CAF ​​Buchón은 1974 년 8 월 촬영을 시작한 영화 The HindenburgCondor Legion 마킹 에서 Bf 109B로 비행 했습니다. [474]

Bf 109s를 다시 묘사하는 Buchóns는 1980 년 ABC 네트워크 TV 공상 과학 시리즈 Galactica 1980출연했습니다.이 시리즈 는 원래 Battlestar Galactica 시리즈 에서 단명 한 파생물 입니다. 영웅들은 제 2 차 세계 대전 동안 우주 바이퍼의 시간을 거슬러 지구로 여행하고 루프트 바페를 만납니다 . Buchóns의 영상은 1969 년 영화 Battle of Britain 의 아웃 테이크로 구성되었습니다 . [476]

The Battle of Britain 에서 택시를 탄 Buchón 은 1988 년 LWT 미니 시리즈 Piece of Cake , [477]에서 비행했으며 1990 년 영화 Memphis Belle 에서 Bf 109s를 묘사하는 데 사용 된 3 대의 비행 가능한 HA-1112 중 하나였습니다 . [471] [478] 케이크의 조각 또한 1991 년에 등장 부천 ITV 텔레비전 미니 시리즈 완벽한 영웅 . [477]

A Buchón with the Planes of Fame Air Museum , Chino, California 는 2001 년 영화 진주만 2000 년 촬영 중 켄트의 Lydd 에서 착륙 사고로 수리 입니다. [477]

영국 전투 에는 나타나지 않았지만 1990 년대 초에 Bf 109G-10 표준으로 복원되었고 Old Flying Machine Company에서 운영 한 이전 훈련 기체 Martin Clunes 가 출연 한 1995 년 텔레 무비 Over Here에 등장했습니다 . [477]

A Buchon은 2017 년 크리스토퍼 놀란 영화 덩케 르크에 등장합니다 . [479] [480]

휴즈 500 / OH-6 / MH-6 / MD 500

1983 년 영화 Blue Thunder 에서 적대자 Cochrane 중령은 중무장 한 MD 500을 비행했습니다 . [46]

3 대의 Hughes OH-6A Cayuse 헬리콥터 가 1971 년 James Bond 영화 Diamonds Are Forever 에서 Ernst Stavro Blofeld 의 석유 굴착 장치 지휘 센터에 대한 공격 패키지의 일부를 구성합니다 . [151]

A Hughes 500CDavid Janssen이 연기 한 교통 리포터 가 자신의 도주 헬리콥터 인 Aérospatiale Lama 를 가지고있는 은행 강도 갱단과 공중 결투를 벌이는 1973 년 텔레비전 영화 Birds of Prey참여합니다 . [481]

Hughes 500 헬리콥터 한 쌍이 1978 년 영화 Capricorn One 에 등장합니다. 클라이머 틱 엔딩 근처에서 작물 살포기 복엽기와 얽히게됩니다. [155]

" 240-Robert "는 1979 년부터 1981 년까지 ABC에서 방영 된 미국 TV 시리즈입니다.이 시리즈는 4 륜 구동 차량과 Hughes 500 헬리콥터를 사용하는 로스 앤젤레스 카운티 보안관 부서 (LASD)의 전문 부서에 관한 것입니다. [482]

1980 년대 TV 시리즈 Magnum, PI 에서 Thomas Magnum의 친구이자 동료 전쟁 참전 용사 TC (Theodore Calvin의 경우)는 민간인 Hughes 500D를 관광 헌장 Island Hoppers 사업으로 운항합니다. [166]

MD 헬리콥터 MH-6 Little Bird 헬리콥터는 2001 년 영화 Black Hawk Down 에서 추락 한 블랙 호크의 추락 현장에 대한 항공 지원을 제공했습니다 . [483]

영화 Fire Birds (1990)에서 마약 주자의 스콜피온 헬리콥터 ( MD 500으로 묘사 )가 오프닝 시퀀스에서 미군 AH-1 코브라를 매복합니다. [51]

Hughes H-4 Hercules ( 스프루스 구스 )

Hercules HK-1"The Spruce Goose" 로도 알려진 이 거대한 비행선 은 소설에서 여러 차례 등장했습니다.

이 항공기는 1987 년 Hanna-Barbera 애니메이션 영화 Yogi Bear와 Magical Flight of the Spruce Goose 의 줄거리의 중심이었습니다 . [484]

1988 년 전기 영화 Tucker : The Man and His Dream 에서 자동차 제조업체 Preston TuckerHoward Hughes 간의 중추적 인 만남은 격납고 내에서 Hercules 앞에서 열립니다. Hughes는 Tucker에게 Hercules가 비행하는지 여부가 중요하지 않다고 간략하게 말합니다. "시설"과 퍼거슨<