힘의 급증 (Jen Reid) 2020 - A Surge of Power (Jen Reid) 2020
|힘의 급증 (Jen Reid) 2020|
|예술가||마크 퀸 과 젠 리드|
|완료 날짜||2020 년|
|위치||브리스톨 , 영국|
A Surge of Power (Jen Reid) 2020 은 Marc Quinn 과 Jen Reid의 2020 년 블랙 레진 조각품입니다. 젊은 흑인 여성 시위자 인 리드가 블랙 파워 경례 에서 팔을 들고있는 모습을 묘사합니다. 그것은 은밀히의 시내 중심에 건립되었다 브리스톨 그것은 빈 주각에 배치 된 7월 2020 년 15 이른 아침에, 영국의 어떤에서 19 세기 에드워드 콜 스턴의 동상 에 참여했다 대서양 노예 무역 ,지난달 George Floyd 시위대에 의해 무너지고 훼손되어 도시의 항구로 밀려났습니다. 동상은설치된 다음 날 브리스톨 시의회에 의해 제거되었습니다.
동상이 무너지자 자메이카 출신의 여성 인 Black Lives Matter 시위자 Jen Reid가  주각에 올라가 주먹을 들었 습니다 . 이것의 사진은 Reid의 남편이 찍었고 Quinn이 본 Instagram에 게시되었습니다 .   리드는 다음과 같이 말했습니다 : "강에 던져진 에드워드 콜 스톤의 동상을 보는 것은 정말 역사적인 순간처럼 느껴졌습니다. 거대했습니다. 내가 주각에 서서 블랙 파워 경례에 팔을 들었을 때 나는 완전히 자발적이었고 그것에 대해 생각조차하지 않았습니다. 내 즉각적인 생각은 Colston의 손에 죽고 그들에게 권력을주는 노예 된 사람들 에 대한 것이 었습니다. 나는 George Floyd 를주고 싶었습니다.권력, 나는 불의와 불평등을 겪은 저와 같은 흑인들에게 권력을주고 싶었습니다. " 
설명 및 생성
동상 A Surge of Power (Jen Reid) 2020 은 아티스트 Marc Quinn 과 그의 팀이 검은 색 수지와 강철로 제작했습니다.   젊은 흑인 여성 인 Reid가  콜 스톤 동상이 제거 된 직후 주각에 쳤던 주먹을 똑같이 올리는 모습을 실물 크기로 묘사 한 것입니다 .   그녀는 드레스 나 스커트 위에 캐주얼 한 재킷을 입고 행진을 위해 특별히 구입 한 검은 베레모와 장갑을 착용 한 것으로 묘사된다.  그녀의 왼손은 옆으로 매달려 있고 그녀는 볼륨있는 곱슬 머리를 가지고있다. 그녀는 얕은 정사각형 받침대에 서 있고 전체 작업의 높이는 2.3m (7.5 피트)입니다. Quinn과 Reid는 작업을 그들 사이의 공동 작업으로 설명합니다.  Quinn은 "Jen이 받침대에 서서 팔을 공중으로 들어 올렸을 때 조각품을 만들었습니다. 이제 우리는 그것을 구체화하고 있습니다."라고 말했습니다. 
|동상이 세워진 주각 브리스톨의 위치|
The statue was erected secretly, by a team of 10 people in 15 minutes at around 5am on 15 July 2020. It was set on the 10 ft 6 in (3.20 m) Portland stone plinth on which the statue of Edward Colston had stood in The Centre, Bristol. The installation of the statue was not illegal, with police stating that no offence had been committed and that the statue was a matter for the council. The statue was affixed without drilling or gluing in order to minimise the possibility of damage to the plinth.
가디언에 대한 논평 에서 Quinn은 "인종주의는 큰 문제이며 해결해야 할 바이러스입니다.이 조각품이 대화를 계속하고 사람들의 마음의 최전선에 두며 에너지 지휘자가되기를 바랍니다. 이미지 생성 그날 Jen에 의해 – 그녀를 통해 흐르는 세상의 미래에 대한 모든 희망을 가지고 주각에 섰을 때 – 더 큰 변화의 가능성이 이전보다 더 현실적으로 느껴졌습니다. "  Quinn과 Reid는 공동 성명에서 "Jen과 나는이 조각품을 거기에 있어야 할 것에 대한 영구적 인 해결책으로 주각에 올려 놓는 것이 아닙니다. 이것은 우리가이 중요하고 긴급한 것에 대한 지속적인 관심을 가져 오는 데 도움이되기를 희망하는 불꽃입니다. 발행물.모두가 직면해야 할 의무가 있습니다. 이 조각품은 이제 공개 영역에서 발생해야했습니다. 이것은 새로운 문제는 아니지만 글로벌 티핑 포인트가있는 것처럼 느껴집니다. 이제 직접적인 조치를 취할 때입니다 . " 
Rees, the mayor, said the statue did not have permission to be installed, and would be removed. He had previously said that the future of the plinth would be decided by the people of Bristol. Bristol City Council removed the statue on the morning of 16 July, and said it would be held in its museum "for the artist to collect or donate to our collection". At Rees' request, Quinn covered the cost of the removal. Quinn stated that he would offer a maquette of the statue to the museum.
The erection of the statue was met with both praise and criticism. The Guardian reported that, during its short time on the plinth, the statue was mostly popular with passersby in Bristol. A group was reported gathering in objection to the statue, while others took photos, or took the knee. Booker Prize-winning author Bernardine Evaristo described it as “demonstrable commitment to the cause of Black Lives Matter in that it shows active allyship” and addressed the lack of public statues of black women in the UK.
In his Daily Telegraph review, art critic Alastair Sooke interpreted the erection of the sculpture as "a vainglorious stunt". The sculptor Thomas J. Price described the work as a “PR stunt and con”, suggesting that it was about Quinn profiting himself. Price said: “a genuine example of allyship could have been to give the financial support and production facilities required for a young, local, Black artist to make the temporary replacement. This would have positioned Black voices into a genuinely powerful position to reclaim their history in an authentic way. Instead, a moment of social change that should have been about bringing equality and real opportunities to Black people has been hijacked.
Charlotte Jansen, writing for Elephant Magazine, noted Quinn’s previous lack of interest in the themes of racism, colonialism and black history in Britain and that he had proved a lack of understanding of systemic racism by taking up space and centering himself in the narrative around the Colston Plinth.
In an article for Art Review, Kadish Morris suggested that Quinn and Reid’s use of the term ‘collaboration’ to describe the work could serve as a loophole for the artist to avoid the charge of exploitation. Morris writes: "It’s easy to be enchanted by visibility, but quick-fix reactionary gestures are flimsy grounds to fight antiblackness upon. Sculptures created by white men that bypass democratic processes (for which activists in Bristol have campaigned, for too long) are not the kinds of radical justice we need to see in the arts and culture sector."
- "Edward Colston statue replaced by sculpture of Black Lives Matter protester". The Guardian. 15 July 2020. Archived from the original on 15 July 2020. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
- "Colston's Day at Bristol". The Times. 14 November 1895. p. 10.
The statue is on a massive pedestal, which stands 10 ft. 6 in. high ...
- Siddique, Haroon (7 June 2020). "BLM protesters topple statue of Bristol slave trader Edward Colston". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 7 June 2020. Retrieved 7 June 2020.
- "Statue of Black Protester Is Raised in Place of Bristol Slave Trader". The New York Times. 15 July 2020. Archived from the original on 15 July 2020.
- "Black Lives Matter protester statue to be removed". BBC News. 15 July 2020. Retrieved 16 July 2020.
- Emelife, Aindrea (15 July 2020). "'Hope flows through her': artist Marc Quinn on replacing Colston with a Black Lives Matter statue". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 15 July 2020. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
- "Marc Quinn replaces statue of slaver Edward Colston with Black Lives Matter protestor". Dezeen. 15 July 2020.
- AP (15 July 2020). "Statue of Black protester replaces toppled UK slave trader". ABC11 Raleigh-Durham. Retrieved 16 July 2020.
- "Sculpture of Black Lives Matter protester removed from Colston plinth". Shropshire Star. 16 July 2020. Retrieved 16 July 2020.
- "A joint statement from Marc Quinn and Jen Reid". Marc Quinn. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
- Bland, Archie (16 July 2020). "Black Lives Matter sculpture of Jen Reid removed from Colston plinth". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 16 July 2020.
- Humphries, Will (20 July 2020). "Artist ignored plea not to erect statue". The Times. p. 18. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
Mr Rees told The Times: "The artist asked me weeks ago if he could erect a statue on the plinth to which I told him I thought it was not the correct next step for the city. I have spoken to him again and shared my concerns about the potential unintended consequences of his action, including the heightened risk of race hate incidents, and asked him to commit to standing by any of these consequences that became real.
- "Bristol statue replaced by sculpture of black protester". RTÉ News. 15 July 2020.
- "Jen Reid: Black Lives Matter statue to go from Colston plinth". BBC News. 15 July 2020. Archived from the original on 15 July 2020. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
- "Edward Colston statue replaced by sculpture of Black Lives Matter protester". BBC News. 15 July 2020. Archived from the original on 15 July 2020. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
- "Black Lives Matter protester statue removed". BBC News. 16 July 2020. Archived from the original on 16 July 2020. Retrieved 16 July 2020.
- "Sculpture erected to replace statue in Bristol removed". RTÉ News. 16 July 2020.
- "Artist vows to pay for removal of protester statue". BBC News. 21 July 2020. Retrieved 9 August 2020.
- "Art Industry News: Billionaire Ronald Perelman Is Selling Off His Prize Miró and Matisse for Up to $50 Million + Other Stories". Artnet News. 22 July 2020. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
- Bakare, Lanre (15 July 2020). "Allyship or stunt? Marc Quinn's BLM statue divides art world". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
- Sooke, Alastair (15 July 2020). "Marc Quinn's Bristol statue is a vainglorious stunt". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
- Heaf, Jonathan (20 July 2020). "Windrush memorial artist: 'Marc Quinn's Jen Reid statue colonised the Colston plinth and hijacked the BLM movement. It's a con'". GQ. Condé Nast. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
Whatever happens to the sculpture, whether or not it is sold and the benefits go towards a particular charity, Quinn ‘the artist' will certainly benefit from the media maelstrom it has created; he is now relevant again. In the art word, this sort of pr drives up prices.”
- Price, Thomas J. (16 July 2020). "The problem with Marc Quinn's Black Lives Matter sculpture". The Art Newspaper. London. Retrieved 16 July 2020.
- Jansen, Charlotte (17 July 2020). "How to Fail at Being an Ally to the Black Lives Matter Movement". Elephant.art. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
What Quinn has successfully proved is that a large majority of non-Black people still do not understand systemic racism and how it manifests itself. Sadly, despite the statue being removed by Bristol City Council less than 24 hours after it appeared (it is being held by a museum ready for Quinn to collect) Quinn is now at the centre of this narrative. His name and his work overshadows the experience of Jen Reid, the black woman who attended the protest, and what that was intended to represent. It was she who was involved in the movement, and who performed the real act of defiance and power.
- Morris, Kadish (21 July 2020). "Marc Quinn's Black Lives Matter Statue Is Not Solidarity". Art Review. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
- "Statue of African drug dealer erected in Berlin's notorious Görlitzer Park". Deutsche Welle. Berlin. 30 October 2019. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
- Jen Reid: Statue of Black Lives Matter protester appears on Colston plinth – includes photo of Reid's original pose
- "검은 생명 물질의 조각품 시위자가 Colston 주각에서 제거됨" . 슈 롭셔 스타 . 2020 년 7 월 16 일 . 2020 년 7 월 16 일에 확인 함 . -조각상의 여러 이미지 및 제거 포함