펜실베이니아에서 2020 미국 대통령 선거 - 2020 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania

펜실베이니아에서 2020 미국 대통령 선거
Flag of Pennsylvania.svg
2016 년 2020 년 11 월 3 일 2024 년 →
투표율 %
Joe Biden 2013.jpg Donald Trump official portrait (cropped).jpg
후보자 조 바이든 도날드 트럼프
파티 민주주의 공화주의자
집 상태 델라웨어 플로리다
러닝 메이트 카말라 해리스 마이크 펜스
예상 선거인 투표 20 0
인기 투표 3,459,923 [1] [2] 3,378,263
백분율 50.02 % 48.84 %

Pennsylvania Presidential Election Results 2020.svg
카운티 결과

선거 전 대통령

도널드 트럼프
공화당

선출 된 대통령

조 바이든
민주당

펜실베니아에서 2020 미국 대통령 선거 의 일환으로, 2020년 11월 3일 (화요일)에 개최 된 전국 선거에서 50 개 주를 더한있는 워싱턴 DC가 참가했다. [4] 펜실베니아 유권자들이 그들을 대표하는 선거인을 선택 선거인단 내공 인기 투표를 통해 공화당 의 후보를, 현직 대통령의 부동산 재벌 도널드 트럼프 , 실행 동료 부사장 인 마이크 펜스 에 대한 민주당의 후보, 전 부통령 조 바이든 , 그리고 그의 러닝 메이트 캘리포니아 상원 의원 카말라 해리스. 펜실베니아는 선거인단 20 명 선거 투표가 있습니다. [5]

트럼프는 2016 년 0.72 %라는 좁은 마진으로 주를 이겼지 만, 바이든은 주를 1.18 %로 이길 수있었습니다. 함께 자신의 승리와 위스콘신미시간 , 펜실베니아에있는 그의 승리는의 재건 구성 파란색 벽을 . 주정부가 직접 투표를 먼저 계산 한 방식 때문에 트럼프는 선거의 밤에 폭 넓은 단서를 시작했습니다. 그러나 다음 며칠 동안 Biden은 필라델피아 와 주변 교외 지역 에서의 강력한 마진으로 인해 마진을 크게 마감했습니다 . 또한, 주 전역에서 우편 투표 용지가 그를 강력히 선호했습니다. 11 월 6 일 아침 선거 소집 기관 결정 데스크 본부Biden이 펜실베니아의 선거인단 20 표를 획득했고 그들과 함께 선거를 이겼다고 예측했습니다. [6] 비장의 캠페인 기간 동안 다음 아침, 11 월 7 일 필라델피아 조경 사업 외부 기자 회견 , [7] 거의 모든 주요 뉴스 조직은 그를 선포 한 벌을 따라 바이든 펜실베니아라는 대통령 선출 . [8]

2018 년 중간 선거 에서 공화당 원의 예상보다 더 나쁜 결과를 보인 펜실베니아는 2020 년 선거에서 다시 한 번 가까운 결과를 얻을 것으로 예상되었습니다. [9] 그러나 캠페인 전반에 걸쳐 여론 조사는 일반적으로 바이든 리드를 보여 주었다. 선거일 이전에 15 개 뉴스 기관 중 14 개 기관은 펜실베니아가 바이든쪽으로 기울고 있다고 생각했습니다.

주 공화당 원은 선거일까지받은 우편 투표 용지 만 집계하도록 요구했습니다. 펜실베니아 대법원이 때문에 진행에 차질로 인해 그, 결정, 그들의 요구를 거부 COVID-19 전염병미국 우편 서비스의 위기 , 선거일 후 3 일받은 투표 용지는 계산 것, 너무 오래 투표 용지이었다로 선거일 소인이 찍혔습니다. [10] [11] 공화당 원은 그 결정에 대해 미국 대법원에 항소했습니다 . 대법원 판사는 John Roberts 대법관과 함께 4-4 무승부를 기록했습니다 ( Ruth Bader Ginsburg 의석이 판결 당시 공석으로 남아 있었기 때문).주 대법원의 결정을 받아 들일 수 있도록 3 명의 자유주의 판사들과 함께합니다. [10]

상태에서 바이든의 성공에 대한 하나의 키에 자신의 개선이었다 힐러리 클린턴 그는 원 : 큰 필라델피아 지역 교외 군에서의 마진 벅스 , 더 클린턴보다 3.60 %가 델라웨어를 4.38 % 이상으로 몽고메리 4.80 % 이상으로하고, 체스터 실현합니다 미트 롬니가 좁게 단지 수상했다 팔년 전 6.60 %보다 --by. 동시에 그는 트럼프가 2016 년 선거를 뒤집기 전에 민주당 선거를 6 회 이상 연속으로 뽑은 세 개의 대규모 산업군 중 두 곳인 ErieNorthampton 을 되찾았습니다 . 트럼프가 세 번째로 우세한 동안 루체른 카운티, 그는 2016 년에 비해 마진을 줄였습니다. 그리고 Biden은 트럼프가 2016 년에 거의 뒤집은 Lackawanna 카운티 에서 승리의 여백을 증가 시켰습니다. Biden은 이전에 민주당이었던 Westmoreland 카운티 에서 4 선 민주당 슬라이드를 중단했습니다. 2020 년 이전에는 Gore 가 이전 후보자의 투표 점유율 (2016 년에 트럼프에게 주에서 마진을 부여했습니다). 비정상적으로, 그러나,에 바이든의 투표 주 필라델피아 카운티는 그가 여전히 상회 중 고어 있지만 실제로, 힐러리 클린턴에 비해 약간 감소 2000 또는 케리2004 군에서.

예비 선거

차 선거는 원래도 원래 코네티컷, 델라웨어, 메릴랜드, 뉴욕,로드 아일랜드를 포함하여, 같은 날짜에 예비 선거를 들고 여러 북동부에 합류 년 4 월 28 일, 2020 년 예정되었다. [12] 3 월 26 일, 펜실베니아는 COVID-19 전염병 으로 인해 6 월 2 일로 1 차 지역을 이전하기 위해 다른 여러 주에 합류했습니다 . [13]

공화당 예비 선거

짝수 불구하고 공화당 전국위원회는 펜실베니아 유권자들이 격려 우편 투표 우편으로 는 "편리하고 안전한"로 설명, 옵션은 대부분의 공화당 전망에 반대를 표명했다. 이에 앞서 공화당 제어 하우스는 모든 펜실베이니아에게 메일을 발송하는 제안을 차단 -투표 신청. 이것은 트럼프 대통령의 관행에 대한 회의론에 대한 응답으로 우편 투표 는 잠재적으로 민주당에 이익이 될 유권자 사기초래할 수 있다는 우려를 표명했습니다 . [14]

2020 펜실베니아 공화당 예비 선거 [15]
후보자 투표 % 대의원 [16]
도날드 트럼프 1,043,311 93.3 % 34
빌 용접 68,715 5.1 % 0
Rocky De La Fuente 20,187 1.6 % 0
합계 1,132,213 100 % 34

트럼프는 공화당 예비 선거에서 승자로 선포되었고 2020 년 공화당 전당 대회에 주정부의 공약 대의원 34 명 모두를 받았다 (주에는 공화당 대의원 54 명도 포함). [16]

민주당 예비 선거

2020 펜실베니아 민주당 대통령 예비 선거 [17]
후보자 투표 % 대의원 [18]
조 바이든 1,264,624 79.26 % 151
버니 샌더스 (일시 중단) 287,834 18.04 % 35
툴시 개 버드 (철회) 43,050 2.70 % 0
합계 1,595,508 100 % 186

그린 코커스

Green Caucus는 2020 년 4 월에 개최되었으며 Howie Hawkins 가 우승했습니다 . [19]

총선거

예측

출처 순위 현재
프린스턴 선거 컨소시엄 [20] 세이프 D (플립) 2020 년 10 월 5 일
쿡 정치 보고서 [21] Lean D (플립) 2020 년 10 월 5 일
내부 선거 [22] Lean D (플립) 2020 년 10 월 5 일
Sabato의 수정 구슬 [23] Lean D (플립) 2020 년 10 월 5 일
폴리 티코 [24] Lean D (플립) 2020 년 10 월 5 일
RCP [25] 토스 업 2020 년 10 월 5 일
니스 카넨 [26] 가능성 D (뒤집기) 2020 년 10 월 5 일
CNN [27] Lean D (플립) 2020 년 10 월 23 일
이코노미스트 [28] 가능성 D (뒤집기) 2020 년 10 월 5 일
CBS 뉴스 [29] Lean D (플립) 2020 년 10 월 5 일
270towin [30] Lean D (플립) 2020 년 10 월 5 일
ABC 뉴스 [31] 가능성 D (뒤집기) 2020 년 10 월 5 일
NPR [32] Lean D (플립) 2020 년 10 월 5 일
NBC 뉴스 [33] Lean D (플립) 2020 년 10 월 5 일
538 [34] 가능성 D (뒤집기) 2020 년 10 월 5 일

투표

그래픽 요약

집계 투표


집계 소스

관리되는 날짜

업데이트 된 날짜

바이든

민주주의
도널드
트럼프
공화당
기타 /
미정
[a]
여유
270 승리 2020 년 10 월 22 일 – 11 월 2 일 2020 년 11 월 3 일 49.4 % 45.7 % 4.9 % 바이든 +3.7
진짜 명확한 정치 2020 년 10 월 29 일 ~ 11 월 2 일 2020 년 11 월 3 일 48.7 % 47.5 % 3.8 % 바이든 +1.2
FiveThirtyEight 2020 년 11 월 2 일까지 2020 년 11 월 3 일 50.2 % 45.6 % 4.2 % 바이든 +4.6
평균 49.4 % 46.3 % 4.3 % 바이든 +3.1

2020 년 투표

설문 조사 출처
관리 날짜
샘플
크기 [b]
오차 한계
도널드
트럼프
공화당

바이든
민주당

젠슨
자유 주의적
호위
호킨스
그린
다른 미정
Susquehanna Polling & Research Inc. 11월 1일부터 2일까지 499 (LV) ± 4.3 % 49 % [c] 48 % 1% - 0 % [D] 0 %
SurveyMonkey / Axios 10월 20일부터 11월 2일까지 6,045 (LV) ± 2 % 47 % [e] 52 % - -
Pulse Opinion Research / Rasmussen 보고서 10 월 31 일 – 11 월 1 일 800 (LV) ± 3.5 % 47 % [F] 50 % - - 1 % [g]
리서치 10 월 31 일 – 11 월 1 일 450 (LV) ± 4.6 % 46 % 52 % - - 2 % [h] 4 %
AYTM / 포부 10 월 30 일 – 11 월 1 일 340 (LV) 49 % 51 % - -
변화 연구 / CNBC 10 월 29 일 – 11 월 1 일 699 (LV) ± 3.71 % 46 % 50 % 2 % - 2 %
Marist College / NBC 10 월 29 일 – 11 월 1 일 772 (LV) ± 4.4 % 46 % 51 % - - 1% 2 %
몬 머스 대학교 10 월 28 일 – 11 월 1 일 502 (RV) ± 4.4 % 45 % 50 % 1% - 0 % [I] 4 %
502 (LV) 44 % [j] 51 % - -
45 % [k] 50 % - -
흔들림 10 월 27 일 – 11 월 1 일 1,107 (LV) ± 3.9 % 48 % 50 % 2 % -
진행 데이터 10 월 27 일 – 11 월 1 일 1,417 (LV) ± 2.6 % 45 % 52 % 2 % 0 % 0 % [L]
Ipsos / Reuters 10 월 27 일 – 11 월 1 일 673 (LV) ± 4.3 % 45 % [m] 51 % 1% 1% 2 % [N]
44 % [o] 51 % - - 3 % [p] 2 %
46 % [Q] 52 % - - 2 % [r]
트라팔가 10월 30일부터 31일까지 1,062 (LV) ± 2.93 % 48 % 46 % 2 % - 1 % [S] 4 %
Frederick 설문 조사 / 모든 곳에서 경쟁 [A] 10월 30일부터 31일까지 879 (LV) ± 3 % 48 % 52 % - -
Insider Advantage / Center for American Greatness [B] 10월 30일부터 31일까지 500 (LV) ± 4.4 % 48.7 % 47.4 % 1.3 % - 2.6 %
시에나 칼리지 / NYT 업샷 10 월 26 ~ 31 일 1,862 (LV) ± 2.4 % 43 % 49 % 2 % - 0 % [t] 5 % [u]
모닝 컨설 트 10 월 22 ~ 31 일 2,686 (LV) ± 2 % 43 % 52 % - -
에머슨 칼리지 10 월 29 ~ 30 일 823 (LV) ± 3.3 % 47 % [V] 52 % - - 2 % [w]
AtlasIntel 10 월 29 ~ 30 일 672 (LV) ± 4 % 50 % 49 % - - 2 %
Targoz 시장 조사 / PollSmart 10 월 25 ~ 30 일 998 (LV) 42 % 56 % - - 2 % [X]
공공 정책 폴링 / 미국 브리지 PAC [C] 10 월 28 일 ~ 29 일 1,012 (V) 45 % 52 % - - 삼%
Redfield & Wilton 전략 10 월 26 일 ~ 29 일 2,125 (LV) 45 % 50 % 1% - 1% 삼%
하버드-해리스 / 더 힐 10 월 26 일 ~ 29 일 901 (LV) 46 % 51 % - - 삼%
ABC / 워싱턴 포스트 10 월 24 ~ 29 일 824 (LV) ± 4 % 44 % 51 % 삼% - 0 % [y] 1%
Muhlenberg College / 모닝콜 10월 23일부터 28일까지 419 (LV) ± 5.5 % 44 % 49 % - - 4 % [z] 2 %
SurveyMonkey / Axios 10 월 1 일 ~ 28 일 10,599 (LV) ± 1.5 % 46 % 52 % - - -
RMG 연구 / PoliticalIQ 10 월 25 ~ 27 일 800 (LV) ± 3.5 % 45 % [m] 51 % - - 2 % 2 %
44 % [aa] 52 % - - 2 % 2 %
47 % [AB] 49 % - - 2 % 2 %
Quinnipiac 대학 10 월 23 ~ 27 일 1,324 (LV) ± 2.7 % 44 % 51 % - - 1 % [AC] 4 %
흔들림 10 월 23 ~ 26 일 491 (LV) ± 6 % 46 % 52 % 2 % -
Civiqs / Daily Kos 10 월 23 ~ 26 일 1,145 (LV) ± 3 % 45 % 52 % - - 2 % [광고] 1%
Ipsos / Reuters 10 월 20 ~ 26 일 655 (LV) ± 4.4 % 44 % [m] 51 % 삼% 0 % 1 % [ae]
45 % [af] 50 % - - 3 % [ag] 2 %
Insider Advantage / Center for American Greatness [B] 10 월 25 일 400 (LV) ± 4.9 % 48.5 % 45.5 % 3.3 % - 2.8 %
트라팔가 그룹 10 월 24 ~ 25 일 1,076 (LV) ± 2.91 % 48 % 48 % 2 % - 1 % [아] 1%
Wick Surveys 10 월 24 ~ 25 일 1,000 (LV) ± 3.1 % 49 % 47 % - -
프랭클린 & 마샬 칼리지 10 월 19 ~ 25 일 558 (LV) ± 5 % 44 % 50 % 2 % - 1 % [ai] 삼%
Univision / University of Houston / Latino
Decisions / North Star Opinion Research
10 월 17 일 ~ 25 일 723 (RV) ± 3.64 % 45 % 50 % - - 3 % [aj] 2 %
Gravis 마케팅 10 월 23 일 602 (LV) ± 4 % 44 % 51 % - - 5 %
공공 정책 투표 / American Bridge PAC [D] 10 월 21 ~ 22 일 980 (V) 46 % 51 % - - 4 %
Civiqs / Dan Hopkins 10월 17일부터 21일까지 1,577 (A) 삼% 46 % 52 % - - 2 %
위스콘신 - 매디슨의 유고 브 / 대학 10월 13일부터 21일까지 669 (LV) ± 4.45 % 44 % 52 % - - 3 % [ak]
시민 데이터 10 월 17 ~ 20 일 1,000 (LV) ± 3.1 % 39 % 44 % 9 % 0 % 1% 7 %
CNN / SSRS 10 월 15 ~ 20 일 843 (LV) ± 4 % 43 % 53 % 2 % - 1 % [알] 1%
Muhlenberg College / 모닝콜 10월 13일부터 20일까지 416 (LV) ± 5.5 % 44 % 51 % - - 2 % [오전] 4 %
모닝 컨설 트 10 월 11 ~ 20 일 2,563 (LV) ± 1.9 % 43 % 52 % - -
폭스 뉴스 10 월 18 ~ 19 일 1,045 (LV) ± 3 % 45 % 50 % 1% - 1 % [an] 2 %
Pulse Opinion Research / Rasmussen 보고서 10 월 18 ~ 19 일 800 (LV) ± 3.5 % 47 % 50 % - - 2 % [ao] 삼%
Quinnipiac 대학 10 월 16 ~ 19 일 1,241 (LV) ± 2.8 % 43 % 51 % - - 1 % [ap] 5 %
변화 연구 / CNBC 10 월 16 ~ 19 일 574 (LV) [수성] 47 % 49 % - -
서퍽 대학교 / USA 투데이 [1] 10 월 15 ~ 19 일 500 (LV) ± 4.4 % 42 % 49 % 1% - 4 % [ar] 4 %
Ipsos / Reuters 10 월 13 ~ 19 일 653 (LV) ± 4.4 % 45 % [m] 49 % 2 % 0 % 3 % [as]
45 % [at] 49 % - - 3 % [au] 4 %
트라팔가 그룹 / 복원 PAC [E] 10 월 13 일 ~ 15 일 1,041 (LV) ± 2.96 % 46 % 48 % 삼% - 2 % [ 평균 ] 2 %
HarrisX / 더 힐 10 월 12 일 ~ 15 일 1,289 (LV) 46 % 51 % - -
Insider Advantage / Center for American Greatness [B] 10 월 12 ~ 13 일 400 (LV) ± 4.9 % 43 % 46 % 2 % - 9 %
Redfield & Wilton 전략 10 월 10 ~ 13 일 1,289 (LV) 43 % [수성] 51 % 1% 0 %
트라팔가 그룹 10 월 10 ~ 12 일 1,034 (LV) ± 2.97 % 45 % 47 % 삼% - 3 % [aw] 2 %
RMG 연구 / PoliticalIQ 10 월 7 일 ~ 12 일 800 (LV) 43 % [m] 49 % 1% 1% 6 %
42 % [ax] 50 % 1% 1% 6 %
45 % [일] 47 % 1% 1% 6 %
Civiqs / 녹 벨트 상승 [F] 10 월 8 일 ~ 11 일 600 (LV) ± 4.2 % 45 % 52 % - - 2 % [az] 1%
Ipsos / Reuters 10 월 6 ~ 11 일 622 (LV) ± 4.5 % 45 % [m] 51 % 1% 0 % 2 % [ba]
44 % [bb] 51 % - - 1 % [BC] 4 %
모닝 컨설 트 10 월 2 ~ 11 일 2,610 (LV) ± 1.9 % 44 % 52 % - -
Redfield & Wilton 전략 10 월 9 ~ 10 일 1,145 (LV) 44 % [수성] 49 % 1% -
Whitman Insight 전략 10 월 5 ~ 9 일 517 (LV) ± 4.3 % 46 % 51 % - - 1 % [bd] 삼%
Baldwin Wallace University Sep 30 – Oct 8 1,140 (LV) ± 3.1% 45% 50% 1% 0% 0%[be] 4%
YouGov/CCES Sep 29 – Oct 7 2,703 (LV) 44% 52% - -
Redfield & Wilton Strategies Oct 4–6 927 (LV) ± 3.22% 42% 49% 1% - 1%[bf] 7%
Emerson College Oct 4–5 688 (LV) ± 3.7% 47%[bg] 51% - - 2%[bh]
Quinnipiac University Oct 1–5 1,211 (LV) ± 2.8% 41% 54% - - 1%[bi] 3%
Ipsos/Reuters Sep 29 – Oct 5 605 (LV) ± 4.5% 45% 50% - - 2%[bj] 3%
Change Research/CNBC Oct 2–4 468 (LV) 46% 50% - -
Monmouth University Sep 30 – Oct 4 500 (RV) ± 4.4% 42% 54% 1% - 0%[bk] 2%
500 (LV) 43%[bl] 54% - -
45%[bm] 53% - -
YouGov/CBS Sep 30 – Oct 2 1,287 (LV) ± 3.2% 44% 51% - - 2%[bn] 5%
Siena College/NYT Upshot Sep 30 – Oct 2 706 (LV) ± 4.1% 42% 49% 3% - 0%[bo] 5%[bp]
SurveyMonkey/Axios Sep 1–30 4,613 (LV) 46% 52% - - 2%
ABC News/Washington Post Sep 21–26 567 (LV) ± 5.0% 45% 54% - - 0%[bq] 1%
Siena College/NYT Upshot Sep 25–27 711 (LV) ± 4.3% 40% 49% 2% - 0%[br] 8%[bs]
TIPP/The Federalist Sep 24–26 774 (LV) ± 3.6% 45% 50% - - 1%[bt] 4%
Redfield & Wilton Strategies Sep 23–25 1,015 (LV) ± 3.08% 44% 50% 0% 1%[bu] 5%
Fox News Sep 20–23 856 (LV) ± 3% 44% 51% 2% 1%[bv] 2%
910 (RV) ± 3% 43% 51% 2% 2%[bw] 3%
Baldwin Wallace University Sep 9–22 1,012 (LV) ± 3.6% 45% 47% 2% 0% 1%[bx] 5%
Trafalgar Group/Restoration PAC[E] Sep 18–21 1,006 (LV) ± 2.99% 46% 48% 1% 1% 2%[by] 2%
YouGov/UW-Madison Elections Research
Center/Wisconsin State Journal
Sep 10–21 642 (LV) 45% 49% - -
Change Research/CNBC Sep 18–20 579 (LV) 45% 49% - -
Franklin & Marshall College Sep 14–20 480 (LV) ± 7.8% 42% 48% - -
Hart Research Associates/Human Rights Campaign[G] Sep 17–19 400 (LV) ± 4.9% 42% 53% - -
CPEC[H] Sep 15–17 830 (LV) ± 2.3% 45% 50% - - 1%[bz] 4%
Trafalgar Group (R) Sep 15–17 1,006 (LV) ± 2.99% 45% 47% 2% 1% 2%[ca] 2%
Ipsos/Reuters Sep 11–16 611 (LV) ± 4.5% 46% 49% - - 2%[cb] 4%
Civiqs/Rust Belt Rising[F] Sep 11–15 704 (RV) ± 4.4% 45% 52% - - 1%[cc] 2%
Redfield & Wilton Strategies Sep 12–14 1,036 (LV) ± 3.04% 44% 49% 1% 1% 0%[cd] 5%
Climate Nexus Sep 8–11 659 (RV) ± 4% 43% 48% - - 3%[ce] 6%
Benenson Strategy Group/GS Strategy Group/AARP Aug 28 – Sep 8 1,600 (LV) ± 2.5% 46% 49% - - 1%[cf] 4%
Marist College/NBC News Aug 31 – Sep 7 771 (LV) ± 4.4% 44% 53% - - 1% 2%
Morning Consult Aug 29 – Sep 7 2,227 (LV) ± (2%-4%) 45%[cg] 50% - -
Change Research/CNBC Sep 4–6 829 (LV) 46% 50% - - 4%[ch]
TargetSmart Sep 3–6 835 (LV) ± 3.4% 44% 51% - - 3% 3%
Susquehanna Polling & Research Inc. Aug 26 – Sep 4 498 (LV) ± 4.3% 42% 44% - - 6%[ci] 7%
Redfield & Wilton Strategies Aug 30 – Sep 3 1,053 (LV) ± 3.02% 43% 48% 1% 1% 1%[cj] 7%
Quinnipiac Aug 28 – Sep 1 1,235 (LV) ± 3% 44% 52% - - 1%[ck] 3%
ALG Research/Progressive Policy Institute[I] Aug 26 – Sep 1 500 (LV) 44% 50% - -
Monmouth University Aug 28–31 400 (RV) ± 4.9% 45% 49% 2% 0% 1%[cl] 4%
400 (LV) 46%[cm] 49% - - 2% 3%
47%[cn] 48% - - 2% 3%
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC[E] Aug 26–31 600 (LV) 45% 51% - - 4%
SurveyMonkey/Axios Aug 1–31 3,531 (LV) 45% 53% - - 2%
Morning Consult Aug 21–30 2,158 (LV) ± (2%–4%) 45% 49% - -
Pulse Opinion Research/Rasmussen Reports Aug 25–27 1,000 (LV) ± 3% 48%[co] 48% - - 4%[cp]
GQR Research/Unite the Country PAC[J] Aug 20–24 971 (LV) ± 4.4% 43% 52% - - 5%
Franklin & Marshall College Aug 17–24 681 (RV) ± 5.2% 42%[cq] 50% - - 3%[cr] 7%
Change Research/CNBC Aug 21–23 984 (LV) 46% 49% - -
Global Strategy Group/Climate Power 2020
/League of Conservation Voters/Sierra Club
[K]
Aug 13–19 801 (RV) ± 3.5% 42%[m] 50% 2% 1% 5%
43%[cs] 53% - - 4%
Redfield and Wilton Strategies Aug 16–17 1,006 (LV) ± 3.1% 41% 48% 1% 1% 1%[ct] 8%
Civiqs/Rust Belt Rising[F] Aug 13–17 617 (RV) 44% 51% - - 3%[cu] 1%
Muhlenberg College/Morning Call Aug 11–17 416 (LV) ± 5.5% 45% 49% - - 3%[cv] 3%
Morning Consult Aug 7–16 1,777 (LV) ± (2%–4%) 44% 50% - -
Emerson College Aug 8–10 843 (LV) ± 3.8% 47%[cw] 53% - -
Change Research/CNBC Aug 7–9 456 (RV) 44% 48% - -
YouGov/CBS Aug 4–7 1,211 (LV) ± 3.7% 43% 49% - - 3%[cx] 5%
OnMessage Inc./Heritage Action[L] Aug 2–4 400 (LV) ± 4.7% 46% 50% - - 4%
YouGov/University of Wisconsin-Madison Jul 27 – Aug 6 742 (RV) ± 4.9% 41% 50% - - 2%[cy] 5%
SurveyMonkey/Axios Jul 1–31 4,208 (LV) 48% 50% - - 2%
Change Research/CNBC[2] Jul 24–26 382 (LV) 46% 48% - -
Franklin & Marshall College Jul 20–26 667 (RV) ± 5.5% 41% 50% - - 2%[cz] 6%
Morning Consult Jul 17–26 2,092 (LV) ± 2.1% 42% 50% - -
Gravis Marketing[3] Jul 22–24 1,006 (RV) ± 3.1% 45% 48% - - 8%
Zogby Analytics Jul 21–23 809 (RV) ± 3.4% 43% 44% 4% 2% - 8%
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC[E] Jul 17–22 600 (LV) 45% 51% - - 5%
Redfield & Wilton Strategies Jul 19–21 1,016 (LV) 41% 48% 1% 0% 2%[da] 8%
Fox News Jul 18–20 793 (RV) ± 3.5% 39% 50% - - 5%[db] 6%
Pulse Opinion Research/Rasmussen Reports/American Greatness PAC[B] Jul 15–16 750 (LV) ± 4% 46% 51% - - 2%[dc] 1%
Spry Strategies/American Principles Project[M] Jul 11–16 700 (LV) ± 3.7% 48% 47% - - 5%
Monmouth University Jul 9–13 401 (RV) ± 4.9% 40% 53% - - 3%[dd] 4%
401 (LV) 42%[de] 52% - - 3% 3%
44%[df] 51% - - 2% 3%
Change Research/CNBC Jul 10–12 743 (LV) 42% 50% - -
Trafalgar Group Jun 29 – Jul 2 1,062 (LV) ± 2.92% 43% 48% - - 6%[dg] 3%
SurveyMonkey/Axios Jun 8–30 2,184 (LV) 48% 50% - - 2%
Change Research/CNBC Jun 26–28 760 (LV)[aq] 44% 50% - -
Susquehanna Polling/Fox 43 Jun 15–23 715 (LV) 41% 46% - - 5% 8%
Redfield & Wilton Strategies Jun 14–16 1,125 (LV) ± 2.92% 39% 49% 1% 1% 1%[dh] 9%
Siena College/NYT Upshot Jun 8–16 651 (RV) ± 4.2% 40% 50% - - 3%[di] 6%
Change Research/CNBC Jun 12–14 491 (LV)[aq] 46% 49% - - 3%[dj]
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC[E] Jun 8–11 600 (LV) ± 4.0% 42% 54% - - 4%
Civiqs/Dan Hopkins Jun 6–11 1,221 (A) 3.6% 46% 49% - - 5%
Civiqs/Dan Hopkins May 30 – Jun 2 2,045 (A) 2.4% 46% 49% - - 5%
Change Research/CNBC May 29–31 579 (LV)[aq] 50% 46% - - 2% 2%
Morning Consult May 17–26 2,120 (LV) 44%[aq] 48% - -
Redfield & Wilton Strategies May 10–14 963 (LV) ± 3.2% 39% 48% - - 2%[dk] 11%
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC[E] May 9–13 600 (LV) ± 3.0% 51% 46% - - 4%
Harper Polling (R) Apr 21–26 644 (LV) ± 3.9% 43% 49% - - 8%
Public Policy Polling[N] Apr 20–21 1,251 (RV) 44% 51% - - 5%
Fox News Apr 18–21 803 (RV) ± 3.5 % 42% 50% - -
Ipsos Apr 15–20 578 (RV) ± 5.0% 40% 46% - -
Suquehanna Research/Fox 43 Apr 14–20 693 (LV) 42% 48% - -
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC[E] Apr 16–18 600 (RV) ± 3.0% 47% 47% - - 6%
Civiqs/Dan Hopkins Apr 4–8 1,912 (A) 2.5% 47% 47% - - 6%
Baldwin Wallace University Great Lakes Mar 17–25 973 (RV) ± 3.9% 47% 45% - - 9%
Change Research Mar 21–23 510 (LV) 50% 47% - - 4%
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC[E] Mar 19–21 600 (RV) 47% 45% - -
Civiqs/Dan Hopkins Mar 14–18 1,589 (A) 2.7% 48% 46% - - 6%
YouGov/Yahoo News Mar 6–8 725 (RV) 40% 46% - - 5%[dl] 8%
Firehouse Strategies/Øptimus Mar 5–7 533 (RV) ± 5.3 % 45% 44% - -
Civiqs/Dan Hopkins Feb 27 – Mar 3 2,462 (A) 2.2% 48% 46% - - 7%
Muhlenberg College/Morning Call Feb 12–20 424 (RV) ± 5.5% 47% 47% - - 2% 4%
YouGov Feb 11–20 1,171 (RV) ± 4.0 % 45% 46% - -
Quinnipiac University Feb 12–18 849 (RV) ± 3.4 % 42% 50% - - 6%[dm] 3%
Expedition Strategies/Progressive Policies Institute Feb 6–18 500 (RV) 42% 47% - - 11%

2017–2019 polls

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[b]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump

Republican
Joe
Biden

Democratic
Other Undecided
Firehouse Strategies/Øptimus Dec 3–5, 2019 598 (LV) ± 4.3% 45% 41% 8%[dn] 6%[do]
Muhlenberg College/Morning Call Nov 4–9, 2019 410 (RV) ± 6.0% 43% 52% 4% 2%
Siena College/NYT Upshot Oct 13–25, 2019 661 (LV) ± 4.4% 45% 46%
Firehouse Strategies/Øptimus Sep 7–9, 2019 527 (LV) ± 4.2% 41% 45% 14%
Firehouse Strategies/Øptimus Jun 11–13, 2019 565 (LV) ± 4.2% 42% 43% 15%
Quinnipiac University May 9–14, 2019 978 (RV) ± 4.2% 42% 53% 1% 3%
WPA Intelligence Apr 27–30, 2019 200 (LV) ± 6.9% 45% 46% 8%
Emerson College Mar 26–28, 2019 808 (RV) ± 3.4% 45% 55%
Firehouse Strategies/Øptimus Mar 19–21, 2019 632 (LV) ± 4.0% 43% 50% 4%


Former candidates and hypothetical polling

Former candidates

Donald Trump vs. Michael Bloomberg

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[b]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump (R)
Michael
Bloomberg (D)
Other Undecided
Muhlenberg College/Morning Call Feb 12–20, 2020 424 (RV) ± 5.5 % 48% 45% 2% 5%
Quinnipiac University Feb 12–18, 2020 849 (RV) ±3.4% 42% 48% 6%[dp] 3%
Expedition Strategies/Progressive Policies Institute Feb 6–18, 2020 500 (RV) 39% 48% 13%
Firehouse Strategies/Øptimus Dec 3–5, 2019 598 (LV) ± 4.3% 45% 41% 9%[dq] 5%

Donald Trump vs. Pete Buttigieg

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[b]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump (R)
Pete
Buttigieg (D)
Other Undecided
Muhlenberg College/Morning Call Feb 12–20, 2020 424 (RV) ± 5.5 % 46% 45% 3% 5%
Expedition Strategies/Progressive Policies Institute Feb 6–18, 2020 500 (RV) 40% 46% 14%
YouGov Feb 11–20, 2020 1,171 (RV) ±4.0% 44% 44%
Quinnipiac University Feb 12–18, 2020 849 (RV) ±3.4% 43% 47% 8%[dr] 2%
Firehouse Strategies/Øptimus Dec 3–5, 2019 598 (LV) ± 4.3% 46% 40% 7%[ds] 7%[dt]
Firehouse Strategies/Øptimus Jun 11–13, 2019 565 (LV) ± 4.2% 45% 32% 23%
Quinnipiac University May 9–14, 2019 978 (RV) ± 4.2% 44% 45% 4% 6%

Donald Trump vs. Kamala Harris

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[b]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump (R)
Kamala
Harris (D)
Other Undecided
Quinnipiac University May 9–14, 2019 978 (RV) ± 4.2% 45% 45% 3% 5%
Emerson College Mar 26–28, 2019 808 (RV) ± 3.4% 49% 51%

Donald Trump vs. Amy Klobuchar

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[b]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump (R)
Amy
Klobuchar (D)
Other Undecided
Muhlenberg College/Morning Call Feb 12–20, 2020 424 (RV) ± 5.5 % 45% 44% 3% 8%
YouGov Feb 11–20, 2020 1,171 (RV) ±4.0% 43% 43%
Quinnipiac University Feb 12–18, 2020 849 (RV) ±3.4% 42% 49% 6%[du] 4%

Donald Trump vs. Beto O'Rourke

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[b]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump (R)
Beto
O'Rourke (D)
Other Undecided
Quinnipiac University May 9–14, 2019 978 (RV) ± 4.2% 46% 44% 4% 5%
Emerson College Mar 26–28, 2019 808 (RV) ± 3.4% 49% 51%
Firehouse Strategies/Øptimus Mar 19–21, 2019 632 (LV) ± 4.0% 47% 40% 8%

Donald Trump vs. Bernie Sanders

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[b]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump (R)
Bernie
Sanders (D)
Other Undecided
Baldwin Wallace University Great Lakes Mar 17–25, 2020 973 (RV) ± 3.9% 48% 42% 10%
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC[E] Mar 19–21, 2020 600 (RV) 49% 43%
YouGov/Yahoo News Mar 6–8, 2020 725 (RV) 41% 43% 6%[dv] 10%
Firehouse Strategies/Øptimus Mar 5–7, 2020 533 (RV) ± 5.3 % 46% 42%
Muhlenberg College/Morning Call Feb 12–20, 2020 424 (RV) ± 5.5 % 46% 49% 3% 3%
YouGov Feb 11–20, 2020 1,171 (RV) ±4.0% 45% 47%
Quinnipiac University Feb 12–18, 2020 849 (RV) ±3.4% 44% 48% 5%[dw] 1%
Expedition Strategies/Progressive Policies Institute Feb 6–18, 2020 500 (RV) 43% 45% 12%
Firehouse Strategies/Øptimus Dec 3–5, 2019 598 (LV) ± 4.3% 48% 37% 8%[dx] 6%[dy]
Muhlenberg College/Morning Call Nov 4–9, 2019 410 (RV) ± 6.0% 45% 50% 4% 1%
NYT Upshot/Siena College Oct 13–25, 2019 661 (LV) ± 4.4% 45% 44%
Firehouse Strategies/Øptimus Sep 7–9, 2019 527 (LV) ± 4.2% 42% 44% 14%
Firehouse Strategies/Øptimus Jun 11–13, 2019 565 (LV) ± 4.2% 44% 41% 15%
Quinnipiac University May 9–14, 2019 978 (RV) ± 4.2% 43% 50% 2% 3%
Tulchin Research (D)[O] Apr 14–18, 2019 400 (LV) ± 4.9% 43% 51%
Emerson College Mar 26–28, 2019 808 (RV) ± 3.4% 45% 55%
Firehouse Strategies/Øptimus Mar 19–21, 2019 632 (LV) ± 4.0% 44% 44% 8%

Donald Trump vs. Elizabeth Warren

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[b]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump (R)
Elizabeth
Warren (D)
Other Undecided
Muhlenberg College/Morning Call Feb 12–20, 2020 424 (RV) ± 5.5 % 47% 47% 4% 3%
YouGov Feb 11–20, 2020 1,171 (RV) ±4.0% 45% 45%
Quinnipiac University Feb 12–18, 2020 849 (RV) ±3.4% 44% 47% 8%[dz] 2%
Firehouse Strategies/Øptimus Dec 3–5, 2019 598 (LV) ± 4.3% 47% 40% 8%[ea] 5%[eb]
Muhlenberg College/Morning Call Nov 4–9, 2019 410 (RV) ± 6.0% 45% 50% 4% 1%
NYT Upshot/Siena College Oct 13–25, 2019 661 (LV) ± 4.4% 46% 44%
Firehouse Strategies/Øptimus Sep 7–9, 2019 527 (LV) ± 4.2% 41% 43% 16%
Firehouse Strategies/Øptimus Jun 11–13, 2019 565 (LV) ± 4.2% 45% 34% 21%
Quinnipiac University May 9–14, 2019 978 (RV) ± 4.2% 44% 47% 3% 4%
Emerson College Mar 26–28, 2019 808 (RV) ± 3.4% 48% 52%
Zogby Analytics Aug 17–23, 2017 813 (LV) ± 3.4% 38% 46% 16%
Hypothetical polling

Donald Trump vs. Generic Democrat

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[b]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump (R)
Generic
Democrat (D)
Undecided
Baldwin Wallace University/Oakland University/Ohio Northern University Mar 17–25, 2020 997 (RV) ± 3.7% 48.6%[ec] 49.2% 2.1%[ed]
Expedition Strategies/Progressive Policies Institute Feb 6–18, 2020 500 (RV) 38% 51% 11%
Baldwin Wallace University/Oakland University/Ohio Northern University Jan 8–20, 2020 1,037 (RV) ± 3.2% 39.7%[ee] 49.5% 10.7%
KFF/Cook Political Report Sep 23 – Oct 15, 2019 752 (RV) ± 4% 29% 40% 22%

Donald Trump vs. Generic Opponent

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size[b]
Margin
of error
Donald
Trump (R)
Generic
Opponent
Undecided
Muhlenberg College/Morning Call Oct 23–28, 2020 419 (LV) ± 5.5% 42% 54% 4%
Muhlenberg College/Morning Call Oct 13–20, 2020 416 (LV) ± 5.5% 44% 51% 5%
Muhlenberg College/Morning Call Aug 11–17, 2020 416 (LV) ± 5.5% 44% 53% 3%
Muhlenberg College/Morning Call Feb 12–20, 2020 424 (RV) ± 5.5% 42% 54% 4%
Muhlenberg College/Morning Call Nov 4–9, 2019 410 (RV) ± 6.0% 42% 57% 2%
F&M/PoliticsPA Mar 18–24, 2019 540 (RV) ± 5.5% 36% 61%[ef] 4%

Results

9,098,998[35] residents registered to vote by the voter registration deadline on October 15, which had been extended from its original date on October 13 by court order.

2020 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania[36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Joseph R. Biden Jr.
Kamala D. Harris
3,459,923 50.02% +2.56%
Republican Donald Trump
Mike Pence
3,378,263 48.84% +0.66%
Libertarian Jo Jorgensen
Spike Cohen
79,397 1.15% -1.23%
Write-in 6,423 0.09% -1.27%
Total votes 6,924,006 100.00%

Results by county

County Joseph R. Biden

Democratic

Donald J. Trump

Republican

Jo Jorgensen

Libertarian

Margin Total votes cast
# % # % # % # %
Adams 18,207 32.20% 37,523 66.37% 810 1.43% -19,316 -34.16% 56,540
Allegheny 430,759 59.66% 282,913 39.18% 8,361 1.16% 147,846 20.48% 722,033
Armstrong 8,457 23.25% 27,489 75.58% 424 1.17% -19,032 -52.33% 36,370
Beaver 38,122 40.50% 54,759 58.18% 1,241 1.32% -16,637 -17.68% 94,122
Bedford 4,367 15.84% 23,025 83.50% 182 0.66% -18,658 -67.67% 27,574
Berks 92,895 45.20% 109,736 53.39% 2,909 1.42% -16,841 -8.19% 205,540
Blair 17,636 27.73% 45,306 71.24% 653 1.03% -27,670 -43.51% 63,595
Bradford 8,046 26.68% 21,600 71.62% 513 1.70% -13,554 -44.94% 30,159
Bucks 204,712 51.66% 187,367 47.29% 4,155 1.05% 17,345 4.38% 396,234
Butler 37,508 33.10% 74,359 65.63% 1,438 1.27% -36,851 -32.52% 113,305
Cambria 21,730 30.79% 48,085 68.13% 759 1.08% -26,355 -37.34% 70,574
Cameron 634 26.05% 1,771 72.76% 29 1.19% -1,137 -46.71% 2,434
Carbon 11,212 33.34% 21,984 65.37% 433 1.29% -10,772 -32.03% 33,629
Centre 40,055 51.69% 36,372 46.94% 1,066 1.38% 3,683 4.75% 77,493
Chester 182,372 57.99% 128,565 40.88% 3,565 1.13% 53,807 17.11% 314,502
Clarion 4,678 24.00% 14,578 74.79% 237 1.22% -9,900 -50.79% 19,493
Clearfield 9,673 24.54% 29,203 74.08% 546 1.39% -19,530 -49.54% 39,422
Clinton 5,502 31.22% 11,902 67.53% 221 1.25% -6,400 -36.31% 17,625
Columbia 10,532 33.79% 20,098 64.48% 541 1.74% -9,566 -30.69% 31,171
Crawford 12,924 30.77% 28,559 67.99% 521 1.24% -15,635 -37.22% 42,004
Cumberland 62,245 43.96% 77,212 54.53% 2,138 1.51% -14,967 -10.57% 141,595
Dauphin 78,983 53.60% 66,408 45.06% 1,977 1.34% 12,575 8.53% 147,368
Delaware 206,423 62.95% 118,532 36.15% 2,976 0.91% 87,891 26.80% 327,931
Elk 4,522 26.75% 12,140 71.81% 244 1.44% -7,618 -45.06% 16,906
Erie 68,286 49.81% 66,869 48.78% 1,928 1.41% 1,417 1.03% 137,083
Fayette 20,444 32.90% 41,227 66.35% 468 0.75% -20,783 -33.45% 62,139
Forest 728 27.51% 1,882 71.13% 36 1.36% -1,154 -43.61% 2,646
Franklin 22,422 27.76% 57,245 70.86% 1,116 1.38% -34,823 -43.11% 80,783
Fulton 1,085 13.60% 6,824 85.55% 68 0.85% -5,739 -71.94% 7,977
Greene 4,911 27.79% 12,579 71.19% 179 1.01% -7,668 -43.40% 17,669
Huntingdon 5,445 23.89% 17,061 74.86% 286 1.25% -11,616 -50.97% 22,792
Indiana 12,634 30.67% 28,089 68.18% 475 1.15% -15,455 -37.51% 41,198
Jefferson 4,527 19.83% 17,960 78.69% 337 1.48% -13,433 -58.85% 22,824
Juniata 2,253 18.71% 9,649 80.12% 141 1.17% -7,396 -61.41% 12,043
Lackawanna 61,991 53.71% 52,334 45.35% 1,085 0.94% 9,657 8.37% 115,410
Lancaster 115,847 41.34% 160,209 57.17% 4,183 1.49% -44,362 -15.83% 280,239
Lawrence 15,978 34.68% 29,597 64.24% 501 1.09% -13,619 -29.56% 46,076
Lebanon 23,932 33.40% 46,731 65.22% 989 1.38% -22,799 -31.82% 71,652
Lehigh 98,288 53.21% 84,259 45.62% 2,166 1.17% 14,029 7.60% 184,713
Luzerne 64,873 42.31% 86,929 56.70% 1,519 0.99% -22,056 -14.39% 153,321
Lycoming 16,971 28.64% 41,462 69.97% 821 1.39% -24,491 -41.33% 59,254
Mckean 5,098 26.19% 14,083 72.35% 285 1.46% -8,985 -46.16% 19,466
Mercer 21,067 36.35% 36,143 62.36% 744 1.28% -15,076 -26.01% 57,954
Mifflin 4,603 21.41% 16,670 77.53% 229 1.07% -12,067 -56.12% 21,502
Monroe 44,060 52.56% 38,726 46.20% 1,043 1.24% 5,334 6.36% 83,829
Montgomery 319,511 62.63% 185,460 36.35% 5,186 1.02% 134,051 26.28% 510,157
Montour 3,771 38.59% 5,844 59.81% 156 1.60% -2,073 -21.22% 9,771
Northampton 85,087 49.78% 83,854 49.05% 2,001 1.17% 1,233 0.72% 170,942
Northumberland 12,677 29.98% 28,952 68.47% 654 1.55% -16,275 -38.49% 42,283
Perry 5,950 24.14% 18,293 74.20% 409 1.66% -12,343 -50.07% 24,652
Philadelphia 603,790 81.44% 132,740 17.90% 4,847 0.65% 471,050 63.54% 741,377
Pike 13,019 39.99% 19,213 59.02% 322 0.99% -6,194 -19.03% 32,554
Potter 1,726 19.04% 7,239 79.87% 99 1.09% -5,513 -60.82% 9,064
Schuylkill 20,727 29.36% 48,871 69.22% 1,005 1.42% -28,144 -39.86% 70,603
Snyder 4,910 25.65% 13,983 73.06% 247 1.29% -9,073 -47.40% 19,140
Somerset 8,654 21.35% 31,466 77.61% 423 1.04% -22,812 -56.27% 40,543
Sullivan 921 25.62% 2,619 72.85% 55 1.53% -1,698 -47.23% 3,595
Susquehanna 6,236 28.67% 15,207 69.91% 309 1.42% -8,971 -41.24% 21,752
Tioga 4,955 23.51% 15,742 74.70% 378 1.79% -10,787 -51.18% 21,075
Union 7,475 37.16% 12,356 61.43% 284 1.41% -4,881 -24.27% 20,115
Venango 7,585 28.59% 18,569 70.00% 374 1.41% -10,984 -41.41% 26,528
Warren 6,066 29.38% 14,237 68.94% 347 1.68% -8,171 -39.57% 20,650
Washington 45,088 38.06% 72,080 60.84% 1,310 1.11% -26,992 -22.78% 118,478
Wayne 9,191 32.72% 18,637 66.35% 261 0.93% -9,446 -33.63% 28,089
Westmoreland 72,129 35.24% 130,218 63.62% 2,350 1.15% -58,089 -28.38% 204,697
Wyoming 4,704 31.66% 9,936 66.87% 218 1.47% -5,232 -35.21% 14,858
York 88,114 36.95% 146,733 61.53% 3,624 1.52% -58,619 -24.58% 238,471
Totals 3,459,923 50.02% 3,378,263 48.84% 79,397 1.15% 81,660 1.18% 6,917,583

Counties that flipped from Republican to Democratic

People waiting in line to vote in Hatboro

Analysis

In 2020 in Philadelphia Joe Biden received 561,000 votes. Donald Trump received about 127,000 votes and held a majority of votes in the 26th, 58th, and 66th wards. Trump received more votes in Philadelphia in 2020 than he did in 2016.[37]

Biden received votes from Philadelphia suburban counties that were higher than the amount held by Clinton in 2016.[38]

Aftermath

On November 24, 2020, the Secretary of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Kathy Boockvar, certified the results, and Governor Tom Wolf, in accordance with the law, signed the certificate of ascertainment for the Biden/Harris slate of electors for Biden and Harris and sent it to the Archivist of the United States.[39][40]

On November 25, 2020, the Pennsylvania Senate Majority (Republican) Policy committee held a public hearing regarding the counting of ballots in this election.[41] Trump planned to attend the meeting but he cancelled the trip.[42]

The Pennsylvania Supreme Court ruled on November 28 to unanimously overturn a preliminary order by the Commonwealth Court to block subsequent steps in the results certification process.[43] The Pennsylvania Supreme Court also dismissed with prejudice the requests of Representative Mike Kelly and other Republicans to either invalidate all 2.5 million mail-in ballots in Pennsylvania, or to invalidate all 6.9 million ballots in the state and have the state's Republican-controlled Legislature choose the presidential electors for the state.[44][45] The rationale for the decision was that the Republicans were challenging the law too late; they had been able to challenge the law since it became live on October 2019, but they only filed the lawsuit when the results of the November 2020 election were "becoming seemingly apparent". Hence, the Republicans had failed to act with "due diligence" in their handling of the case.[45][46]

See also

Notes

Partisan clients
  1. ^ Compete Everywhere primarily supports Democratic candidates
  2. ^ a b c d The Center for American Greatness is a pro-Trump organization
  3. ^ Climate Power 2020 was created by the League of Conservation Voters, which endorsed Biden prior to the sampling period
  4. ^ The American Bridge PAC exclusively supports Democratic candidates
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i The Restoration PAC is a 501 non-profit which supports Donald Trump's 2020 presidential campaign
  6. ^ a b c Rust Belt Rising is affiliated with the Democratic Party
  7. ^ The Human Rights Campaign endorsed Biden prior to this poll's sampling period
  8. ^ CPEC campaigns exclusively for Democratic candidates
  9. ^ The Progressive Policy Institute endorsed Biden prior to this poll's sampling period
  10. ^ Unite the Country PAC endorsed Biden prior to this poll's sampling period
  11. ^ The League of Conservation Voters and the Sierra Club endorsed Biden prior to this poll's sampling period
  12. ^ Heritage Action is the sister organisation of the Heritage Foundation, which exclusively endorses Republican candidates
  13. ^ This poll's sponsor is the American Principles Project, a 501(c)(4) organization that supports the Republican Party.
  14. ^ Poll sponsored by Protect Our Care, a pro-Affordable Care Act organisation
  15. ^ Poll sponsored by the Sanders campaign
Additional candidates
  1. ^ Calculated by taking the difference of 100% and all other candidates combined.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Key:
    A – all adults
    RV – registered voters
    LV – likely voters
    V – unclear
  3. ^ With voters who lean towards a given candidate
  4. ^ Would not vote with 0%
  5. ^ Overlapping sample with the previous SurveyMonkey/Axios poll, but more information available regarding sample size
  6. ^ With voters who lean towards a given candidate
  7. ^ "Some other candidate" with 1%
  8. ^ "Someone else" with 2%
  9. ^ "Other candidate" and "No one" with 0%
  10. ^ With a likely voter turnout model featuring high turnout
  11. ^ With a likely voter turnout model featuring low turnout
  12. ^ "Other candidate or write-in" with 0%
  13. ^ a b c d e f g Standard VI response
  14. ^ West (B) with 2%; "Some other candidate" and would not vote with 0%
  15. ^ If only Biden, Trump and "some other candidate" were available
  16. ^ "Some other candidate" with 3%; would not vote with 0%
  17. ^ Results considering those who lean towards a given candidate among those initially predisposed towards abstention, indecision or a candidate besides Biden or Trump in the response section immediately above
  18. ^ "Some other candidate" with 2%
  19. ^ "Someone else" with 1%
  20. ^ "Someone else" and would not vote with 0%
  21. ^ Includes "Refused"
  22. ^ With voters who lean towards a given candidate
  23. ^ "Someone else" with 2%
  24. ^ "Not sure/Someone else/Undecided" with 2%
  25. ^ "None of these" and "Other" with 0%; would not vote with no voters
  26. ^ "Neither/other" with 4%
  27. ^ Results generated with high Democratic turnout model
  28. ^ Results generated with high Republican turnout model
  29. ^ "Someone else" with 1%
  30. ^ "Someone else" with 2%
  31. ^ "Some other candidate" with 1%; West (B) and would not vote with 0%
  32. ^ If only Biden, Trump and "some other candidate" were available
  33. ^ "Some other candidate" with 3%; would not vote with 0%
  34. ^ "Someone else" with 1%
  35. ^ "Refused" with 1%; "Some other candidate" with 0%
  36. ^ "Someone else" with 3%
  37. ^ Includes Undecided
  38. ^ "Other" with 1%; "None of these" with 0%
  39. ^ "Neither/other" with 2%
  40. ^ "Other" with 1%; would not vote with no voters
  41. ^ "Some other candidate" with 2%
  42. ^ "Someone else" with 1%
  43. ^ a b c d e f g Additional data sourced from FiveThirtyEight
  44. ^ "Refused" with 3%; "Others" with 1%
  45. ^ "Some other candidate" with 2%; West (B) with 1%; would not vote with 0%
  46. ^ If only Biden, Trump and "some other candidate" were available
  47. ^ "Some other candidate" with 3%; would not vote with 0%
  48. ^ "Someone else" with 2%
  49. ^ "Someone else" with 3%
  50. ^ Results generated with high Democratic turnout model
  51. ^ Results generated with high Republican turnout model
  52. ^ "Someone else" with 2%
  53. ^ "Some other candidate" and would not vote with 1%; West (B) with 0%
  54. ^ If only Biden, Trump and "some other candidate" were available
  55. ^ "Some other candidate" with 1%; would not vote with 0%
  56. ^ "Someone else" with 1%
  57. ^ "Another candidate" with 0%
  58. ^ "Another Third Party/Write-in" with 1%
  59. ^ With voters who lean towards a given candidate
  60. ^ "Someone else" with 2%
  61. ^ "Someone else" with 1%
  62. ^ "Some other candidate" with 2%; would not vote with 0%
  63. ^ "Other candidate" and "No one" with 0%
  64. ^ With a likely voter turnout model featuring high turnout
  65. ^ With a likely voter turnout model featuring low turnout
  66. ^ "Someone else/third party" with 2%
  67. ^ "Someone else" and would not vote with 0%
  68. ^ Includes "Refused"
  69. ^ "Neither" and "Other" with 0%; would not vote with no voters
  70. ^ "Someone else" and would not vote with 0%
  71. ^ Includes "Refused"
  72. ^ "Other" with 1%; "Prefer not to answer" with 0%
  73. ^ "Another Third Party/Write-in" with 1%
  74. ^ "Other" with 1%; would not vote with no voters
  75. ^ "Other" and would not vote with 1%
  76. ^ "Another candidate" with 1%
  77. ^ "Someone else" with 2%
  78. ^ "Third party candidate" with 1%
  79. ^ "Someone else" with 2%
  80. ^ "Some other candidate" with 2%; would not vote with 0%
  81. ^ "Someone else" with 1%
  82. ^ "Another Third Party/Write-in" with 0%
  83. ^ "Neither candidate or other candidate" with 3%
  84. ^ Would not vote with 1%
  85. ^ Overlapping sample with the previous Morning Consult poll, but more information available regarding sample size
  86. ^ "Other/not sure" with 4%
  87. ^ "Other" and "Refused" with 3%
  88. ^ "Another Third Party/Write-in" with 1%
  89. ^ "Someone else" with 1%
  90. ^ "No one" with 1%; "Other candidate" with no voters
  91. ^ With a likely voter turnout model featuring higher turnout than in the 2016 presidential election
  92. ^ With a likely voter turnout model featuring lower turnout than in the 2016 presidential election
  93. ^ Additional data sourced from FiveThirtyEight; with voters who lean towards a given candidate
  94. ^ "Some other candidate" with 4%
  95. ^ With voters who lean towards a given candidate
  96. ^ "Some other candidate" with 3%
  97. ^ If only Biden and Trump were candidates
  98. ^ "Another Third Party/Write-in" with 1%
  99. ^ "Someone else" with 3%
  100. ^ "Neither/other" with 3%
  101. ^ Including voters who lean towards a given candidate
  102. ^ "Someone else/third party" with 3%
  103. ^ "Other" with 2%; would not vote with 0%
  104. ^ "Some other candidate" with 2%
  105. ^ West (B) and "Another Third Party/Write-In" with 1%
  106. ^ "Other" with 4%; would not vote with 1%
  107. ^ "Some other candidate" with 2%
  108. ^ "Another candidate" with 3%; "No one" with 0%
  109. ^ With a likely voter turnout model featuring higher turnout than in the 2016 presidential election
  110. ^ With a likely voter turnout model featuring lower turnout than in the 2016 presidential election
  111. ^ "Other party candidate" with 6%
  112. ^ "other" with 1%
  113. ^ "Another candidate" with 2%; would not vote with 1%
  114. ^ "Libertarian Party candidate/Green Party candidate" with 3%
  115. ^ "Third party/write-in" with 2%
  116. ^ "Other" with 2%; would not vote with 3%
  117. ^ "Someone else" with 1%; would not vote with 5%
  118. ^ A third party candidate with 6%; will not vote with 2%
  119. ^ Includes "refused"
  120. ^ "Someone else" with 2%; would not vote with 4%
  121. ^ A third party candidate with 6%; will not vote with 3%
  122. ^ "Someone else" with 2%; would not vote with 6%
  123. ^ A third party candidate with 4%; will not vote with 3%
  124. ^ Includes "refused"
  125. ^ "Someone else" with 1%; would not vote with 5%
  126. ^ "Other" with 4%; would not vote with 2%
  127. ^ "Someone else" with 1%; would not vote with 4%
  128. ^ A third party candidate with 5%; will not vote with 3%
  129. ^ Includes "refused"
  130. ^ "Someone else" with 2%; would not vote with 6%
  131. ^ A third party candidate with 5%; will not vote with 3%
  132. ^ Includes "refused"
  133. ^ Figures for each candidate in this poll include undecided voters who were reported to lean towards that candidate at the time of polling.
  134. ^ "It depends on who the Democrats nominate" with 1.4%; "unsure" with 0.7%
  135. ^ Figures for each candidate in this poll include undecided voters who were reported to lean towards that candidate at the time of polling.
  136. ^ 61% "time for a change" as opposed to "Trump has done a good enough job to deserve re-election"

References

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Further reading

External links