2020 방갈로르 폭동 - 2020 Bangalore riots

2020 방갈로르 폭동
2020 방갈로르 폭동의 피해-cc-by-3.0.jpg
2020 방갈로르 폭동의 피해-cc-by-3.0 (b) .jpg
(위) 폭동 중 차량에 불이났습니다.
(아래) 소방관이 화재를 진압하고 있습니다.
데이트 2020 년 8 월 11 일 (2020-08-11)
위치
Bangalore , Karnataka , 인도
원인 무하마드대한 신성 모독 페이스 북 게시물 주장 [1]
행동 양식
사상자
사망자) 경찰 해고에서 3
부상 30 ~ 80 명의 경찰관
체포 206 (구금 포함) [2] [3]

2020년 8월 11일의 밤, 폭력적인 충돌은 인도 도시에서 일어났다 방갈로르 , 카르 나 타카 . [4] 염증에 의해 도발 페이스 북 에 게시 무하마드 혐의의 조카에 의해 공유 된 Akhanda 스 리니 바스 머시 ,의 상태 의원 인도 국민 회의 , [5] 무슬림 폭도 [6] 항의에있는 그의 집에 도착이 켜져있는 격렬한. [7]

경찰과 폭도들의 충돌은 입법자의 집에서 시작되어 KG 한리와 DJ 한 리의 경찰서로 확산되었다 . [8] 이 사고로 인해 영향을받은 지역에 통금 이 부과 되었습니다. [9] 경찰이 군중에 사격 후 3 명이 사망했다. [10] [11] 30 ~ 80 명의 경찰관 [6] 과 여러 언론인이 무장 한 가해자에 의해 부상당했습니다. [12] Murthy의 재산은 폭력 기간 동안 불에 탔습니다. [13]

다음날 100 명이 넘는 사람들이 경찰에 체포되었습니다. [14] 군중 중 일부 는 이슬람 근본주의 정치 단체 인 인도 사회 민주당 (SDPI) 일원들이 이끌었다 고 주장되어 [12] 일부 지도자를 체포했습니다. [15]

사건

2020 년 8 월 11 일, 인도 국회 의원 Akhanda Srinivas Murthy [a] 의 조카 는 이슬람 선지자 무하마드 를 표적으로 삼은 경멸적인 발언을 페이스 북에 올렸다고합니다 . [16] 포스트 해당 지역에서 바이러스 성 가서 사람들은 체포 혐의로 기소 할 것을 요구, 항의 Kaval Byrasandra에서 의원의 저택 앞에 모여 시작했다. [17] 경찰 조카 감금하기 DJ Halli 역 두 팀 보냈다. [18]

경찰에 따르면 오후 8 시경 소그룹이 Kaval Byrasandra에 도착했고, 그 후 수백 명의 사람들이 DJ Halli 경찰서 주변에 모여 소셜 미디어 메시지 책임자에 대한 조치를 요구하기 시작했습니다. [8] SDPI 멤버들이 DJ Halli의 관중에 참석 한 것으로 알려졌다. 그곳에 참석 한 사람들은 고소장을 신고하려했지만 경찰이 신고를 꺼린다 고 주장하면서 군중을 흥분시켰다. [12] [18]

뉴스 미닛 오후830분에입법자의 집 앞에서 시위를 벌이는 무슬림이 17-20 명이라고 보도했지만, 그 후 1 시간 안에 막대기, 휘발유, 등유 캔으로 무장 한 사람들이 합류하여 그 수는 약 200 명으로 늘어났다. [12] 이 군중은 돌을 던지기 시작하고 집을 파괴하고 결국 재산의 일부를 불에 태 웠습니다. [12] [13] 입법자와 그의 가족은 공격 당시 거주지에 없었습니다. [13] 폭도들은 또한 거주지에서 약탈에 빠진 것으로 알려졌다. Murthy에 따르면 장신구와 사리 가 그의 집에서 사라졌습니다. [19]

한편 DJ 한 리역 경찰은 지역 주민들의 도움으로 긴장을 풀려 시도했으나 [6] [18] 한 팀이 피고인없이 돌아 오자 관중들이 강제로 역에 들어 와서 파괴하고 경찰을 세웠다. 화재 차량. [18] [12] 오후 10 30 분, 두 명의 다른 의회 주 의원 인 Zameer Ahmed KhanRizwan Arshad 가 상황을 진압하기 위해 DJ Halli 역에 도착했지만이 때 폭력이 통제를 벗어난 것으로 알려졌다. [20] [6] 벵갈 경찰청장 카말 바지도 동시에 주위 도착. [21]오후 11 시부 터 오전 12시 30 분까지 무슬림 청소년 그룹이 DJ 한 리역 근처의 현지 사원 주변에 인적 사슬을 형성하여 에스컬레이션이 발생할 경우이를 보호했습니다. [22] [13] 경찰의 증언에 따르면 다행스럽게도 상황은 공동 폭동으로 눈싸움을하지 않았다. [13] 결국 Karnataka State Reserve Police (KSRP)는 군중해산 하고 역 안에 갇힌 경찰관을 풀어 주기 위해 소집되어야했습니다 . KSRP는 lathi 혐의로 시작하여 최루탄을 발사 한 다음 경고 발사를 시작하고 결국 군중을 대상으로 라이브 라운드를 발사했습니다. [18]

In Kaval Byrasandra, by 10:30 p.m the mob at Murthy's house had moved to his nephew's residence, demanding that he be handed over to them and on receiving no response barged in, vandalised and looted the house. The resident family took refuge in a neighbor's house by climbing through parapets. The family's car was burned down as well. The mob eventually moved around the neighborhood setting fire to several cars and a bar.[18] Around 11 p.m., rumours started spreading that a neighbouring police station, KG Halli, was protecting the legislator's nephew.[12] During the confrontation with the police in DJ Halli, a section of the mob dispersed and a new mob was formed at KG Halli that attempted to enter the station. However, this mob was met with stronger resistance from the police and in the end resorted to burning down cars parked outside.[18] Several policemen and journalists outside the station were injured by the armed mob.[12] The crowds eventually scattered after the police at DJ Halli station began firing.[18]

According to The Hindu, the total number of participants in the mobs amounted to 2000 while the police firing at DJ Halli resulted in the death of 3 people.[23] The deaths were later confirmed by the city police commissioner, according to whom at least 1000 people were involved.[8] Between 1 a.m. and 5 a.m., the police began clearing the streets while identifying and arresting those involved in the violence.[24]

Aftermath

Investigation

On 12 August 2020, the JCP (Crime) Bengaluru, Sandeep Patil reported that 110 people had been arrested in relation with the violence.[25] The accused were charged under attempt to murder and obstruction of a public servant.[24] The Bengaluru Police Commissioner, Kamal Pant, stated that a curfew was enforced in the DJ Halli and KG Halli police jurisdictions while section 144 imposed in the rest of the city. Later in the same day, Pant extended the curfew till 6 a.m. of 15 August.[9] The Central Crime Branch DCP, Kuldeep Jain justified the police firing and stated that due process was followed. According to his testimony, the police attempted to convince the mob but they had instead turned violent and begun throwing stones at the police due to which additional forces had to be brought in.[24] The Home Minister Basavaraj Bommai also stated that the police had to resort to firing to bring the situation under control.[8]

The families of those killed in the firing claimed they were simply bystanders and did not take part in the violence,[26] as did the family members of many arrested.[27] The legislator's nephew, who made the objectionable post, was also arrested. However, he claimed that his Facebook account was hacked,[28] while his father claimed his phone had been stolen two days before the post.[27] His uncle filed an FIR for the destruction of his ancestral house, claiming 3 crores loss, and sought police protection for himself and his family.[19][29]

On 14 August 2020, the Bengaluru Police Commissioner reported that 60 more people were arrested in night operations on 14 August, bringing the total arrested to 206. One of them, the husband of a BBMP corporator, was the 7th accused in the First Information Report filed, according to which, he was one of the "conspirators." 80 of the arrested were shifted to a jail in Ballari.[2][3]

Several politicians were implicated in the riots. After being on the run, former mayor Sampath Raj and corporator Rakeeb Zakir were taken into custody on 17 November and 3 December respectively. Raj had been on the run for 6 weeks after escaping a hospital where he was undergoing treatment for COVID-19. Police believed Raj inflamed the riots in order to weaken Murthy, who he saw as his political rival, and filed charges against him relating to arson at Murthy's residence.[30]

Response

몇몇 무슬림 공동체 지도자들은 Akhanda Srinivas Murthy의 집을 방문하여 그곳에서기도했고, 한 명은 재건을 제안했습니다. 의원은 자신이 모든 사람과 "형제"관계를 맺고 있으며 왜 누군가가 자신의 집을 불 태우고 싶어하는지 알지 못했다고 주장했습니다. 그는 또한 위반 게시물의 공유자에 대한 조치를 촉구했습니다. [29] [ 데드 링크 ]

B. S. Yediyurappa, Chief Minister of Karnataka, ordered strict action against rioters involved.[31][32] Congress leader and former Chief Minister of the state Siddaramaiah called for calm and condemned both the riots and the post that incited them, and called for the arrest of those who instigated them.[33][better source needed] Congress also summoned a legislator meeting over the violence.[34] Leaders in the SDPI denied involvement in the violence and claimed it only occurred due to "police inaction against blasphemy and failure of intelligence," and criticized the police for "unecessarily dragging" their leaders into the incident.[35]

The riots quickly became politicized, with politicians from the BJP accusing Congress of having links with the riots.[36] BJP National Secretary B. L. Santhosh criticized the Congress for allegedly supporting the "right to riot" and engaging in "appeasement" (towards Muslims). Since the legislator is Dalit, many BJP leaders also accused Congress of being "anti-Dalit."[37][36] Congress leader Priyank M. Kharge alleged the statements of Santosh were attempts to communalise the incident.[36] Congress also criticized the Karnataka government for failing to prevent the incident, with spokesman Randeep Surjewala claiming they represented "complete failure of law and order machinery."[38]

R. Ashoka, Revenue Minister of Karnataka, claimed the mob had "plans to move to Shivajinagar" afterwards and they had "everything they needed to create violence ready."[39] Karnataka tourism minister C. T. Ravi and Bengaluru South MP Tejasvi Surya demanded compensation for damaged property be forcibly provided by known participants in the riots, a policy proposed by Yogi Adityanath-led Uttar Pradesh following anti-CAA protests there.[40][41] Several opposition leaders, including Janata Dal (Secular) leader H. D. Kumaraswamy and Karnataka Congress president D. K. Shivakumar also claimed the riots were a "planned conspiracy."[42]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ elected as the representative of Pulakeshinagar (SC) constituency

References

  1. ^ "Three killed in Bangalore clashes over Prophet Muhammad post". BBC. 12 August 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Bengaluru riots, 60 more arrests including BBMP corporator's husband". Deccan Herald. 14 August 2020. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Bengaluru violence: Congress corporator's husband among 60 more arrested". The Indian Express. 14 August 2020. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  4. ^ Ravikumar, Sachin; Monnappa, Chandini (12 August 2020). "Police patrol deserted Bengaluru streets after Facebook post sparks clashes". Reuters.
  5. ^ "Mob attacks Bengaluru MLA's house over relative's FB post; 3 dead in police firing". Tribune India. 12 August 2020.
  6. ^ a b c d Sayeed, Vikhar Ahmed (12 August 2020). "Three dead after protests over a social media post turn violent in Bengaluru". Frontline. The Hindu.
  7. ^ "3 killed in southern India in clashes over Facebook post". AP NEWS. 12 August 2020. Retrieved 7 September 2020.
  8. ^ a b c d Arakal, Ralph Alex (12 August 2020). "Bengaluru: Man behind social media post that trigged [sic] violence arrested". The Indian Express.
  9. ^ a b "Bengaluru Violence: Bengaluru police chief Kamal Pant extends curfew up to 6 am on August 15". Bangalore Mirror. 12 August 2020.
  10. ^ "Three killed in Bangalore clashes over Prophet Muhammad post". BBC News.
  11. ^ "Deadly clashes in India's Bengaluru over Facebook post on Prophet". Al Jazeera. 12 August 2020. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h Prasanna, Pooja (12 August 2020). "How two police stations in Bengaluru became targets of mob violence on Tuesday night". The News Minute.
  13. ^ a b c d e Bharadwaj, Aditya (12 August 2020). "Three killed, 5 injured in police firing as riots break out over FB post in Bengaluru". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  14. ^ Ray, Meenakshi, ed. (12 August 2020). "Bengaluru violence: Strong mob had gathered, pelted stones at police, says eyewitness". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
  15. ^ S., Rajashekara (13 August 2020). "The Dark Night: Three killed, 146 arrested, several vehicles torched after MLA's nephew posts a derogatory message". Bangalore Mirror.
  16. ^ Tomlinson, Hugh (12 August 2020). "Three dead in riots sparked by anti-Islam Facebook post". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460.
  17. ^ "Bengaluru: Three people killed in police firing after violence breaks out over Facebook post". Scroll.in. 12 August 2020.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h Dev, Arun (12 August 2020). "How An Angry Mob Launched Two Violent Attacks in Bengaluru". The Quint.
  19. ^ a b "Congress MLA, Whose House Was Burnt In Bengaluru Violence, Seeks Police Protection". Outlook India. 12 August 2020. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
  20. ^ Thomas, Bellie (13 August 2020). "Bengaluru violence: Police delay allowed matters to go out of hand: MLAs". Bangalore Mirror.
  21. ^ "Bengaluru violence updates: Section 144 imposed in DJ Halli, KG Halli till 6 am on August 16". Deccan Herald. 12 August 2020.
  22. ^ Chatterjee, Soumya (13 August 2020). "B'luru Violence: Muslim Youths Form Human Chain to Protect Temple". The Quint.
  23. ^ Bharadwaj, Aditya (12 August 2020). "Three killed, 5 injured in police firing as riots break out over FB post in Bengaluru". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  24. ^ a b c "'It took police firing to control Bengaluru riot'". The Statesman. IANS. 12 August 2020.
  25. ^ "Bengaluru violence: Strong mob had gathered, pelted stones at police, says eyewitness". Hindustan Times. 12 August 2020. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
  26. ^ "Victims weren't part of mob: Relatives". Deccan Herald. 13 August 2020. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  27. ^ a b Krupa, Pragna L. (13 August 2020). "Bengaluru violence: Our kids innocent, claim families of the arrested". Bangalore Mirror. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  28. ^ "Bangalore: At least 3 dead, 150 arrested after violence erupts over alleged derogatory social media post about Prophet". DNA India. 12 August 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  29. ^ a b "Congress MLA Akhanda Srinivasamurthy files complaint regarding attack on his house, claims loss runs upto Rs 3 crore". Deccan Herald. 14 August 2020. Retrieved 7 September 2020.
  30. ^ HM, Chaitanya Swamy (3 December 2020). "Bengaluru riots: Corporator Rakeeb Zakir arrested". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 4 December 2020.
  31. ^ "3 dead after violent clashes erupt in Bengaluru, Karnataka CM BS Yediyurappa assures strict action against accused". Zee News. 12 August 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  32. ^ Aug 12 (12 August 2020). "Bengaluru violence: BS Yediyurappa assures strict action against accused, appeals for peace | Bengaluru News - Times of India". The Times of India. ANI. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  33. ^ Shenoy, Jaideep (12 August 2020). "Siddaramaiah's appeal for calm over Bengaluru violence makes saffron leaders see red". The Times of India. Mangaluru. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  34. ^ "Karnataka Congress summons legislators meet over Bengaluru violence". Bangalore Mirror. ANI. 12 August 2020. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  35. ^ "SDPI denies role in Bengaluru violence". Deccan Herald. 12 August 2020. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  36. ^ a b c "Political war on Twitter after Bengaluru violence". Bangalore Mirror. 13 August 2020. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  37. ^ "Bengaluru riot fallout: BJP, Congress spar over Dalit rights". Deccan Herald. 13 August 2020. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  38. ^ "Bengaluru riot: Was Yediyurappa government sleeping, asks Congress". Deccan Herald. 12 August 2020. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  39. ^ "All rioting accused will be found, caught: R Ashoka". Deccan Herald. 12 August 2020. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  40. ^ Maya Sharma; Anindita Sanyal (12 August 2020). "Will Do Asset Recovery Like UP: Karnataka Minister After Bengaluru Clash". NDTV. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  41. ^ Nagarjun Dwarakanath (12 August 2020). "Bengaluru riots were planned, will recover damages from rioters: Karnataka govt". India Today. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  42. ^ "Congress, BJP, JD(S) condemn Bengaluru riots, say they were planned". Deccan Herald. 12 August 2020. Retrieved 14 August 2020.

Further reading